1274


1274

Events

Europe

* May 7 - The Second Council of Lyons, held by the leadership of the Roman Catholic Church convenes to consider the conquest of the Holy Land via Crusades and address the East-West Schism with the Byzantine church. The Council eventually approves a tithe to support efforts to conquer the Holy Land from Muslims, and reaches apparent resolution of the schism which ultimately proves unsuccessful.
* November - The diet at Nuremberg orders that all crown estates seized since the death of Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor be restored to Rudolph I of Germany; almost all European rulers agree, with the notable exception of King Otakar II of Bohemia, who had benefited greatly by conquering or otherwise coming into possession of many of those lands.
* Pope Gregory X decrees that conclaves (meetings during which the electors have no contact with the outside) should be used for papal elections, reforming the electoral process which had taken over 3 years to elect him.

England

* August 2 - King Edward I of England finally returns from the Ninth Crusade to England to be crowned king, 2 years after his father King Henry III's death.
**His interim chancellor and effective regent, Walter de Merton retires from royal service to make the final revisions to his statutes for the foundation of Merton College, Oxford and take up the post of Bishop of Rochester.
**One of Edward's first acts is to enforce a decree requiring all English Jews to wear yellow badges.
* The first main survey of the Hundred Rolls, an English census seen as a follow up to the Domesday Book completed in 1086, is begun; it lasts until 1275.

Italy

* Bonvesin de la Riva writes the didactic-allegoric poemet "Libro de le tre scritture" (Negra, Rubra, Aurea), the first text in ancient Western Lombard language (still similar to other Gallo-Italian languages), and one of the first great literary works in Italy. It tells about Hell, Christ's Passion and Paradise; this plot suggests Dante in his "Comedia".

Asia

* November 20 - The Mongol Empire attempts the first of several invasions of Japan (30,000 soldiers and support personnel sails from Korea); after the Mongols capture outlying islands, they are repulsed on the main island at the Battle of Bun'ei by amassed Japanese warriors and a strong storm which batters their forces and fleet. Credit for the storm — called a "kamikaze", or divine wind — is given by the Japanese to the god Raiden.
* Nichiren, founder of Nichiren Buddhism, enters a voluntary exile on Mount Minobu.

Births

* July 11 - Robert the Bruce, King of Scotland (d. 1329)
* Eric VI of Denmark (d. 1319)
* Saint Louis of Toulouse (d. 1297)
* Adam Murimuth, English ecclesiastic and chronicler (approximate date; d. 1347)
* Marchetto da Padova, Italian music theorist (approximate date)
* Imam Dhahabi

Deaths

* March 7 - Saint Thomas Aquinas, Italian Catholic theologian (b. 1225)
* June 25 - Nasir al-Din Tusi, Persian scientist and writer (b. 1201)
* July 15 - Bonaventure, Italian theologian and saint (b. 1221)
* August 15 - Robert de Sorbon, French theologian and founder of the Sorbonne (b. 1201)
* September 2 - Prince Munetaka, Japanese shogun (b. 1242)
* Henry III of Champagne
* Aedh mac Felim Ua Conchobair, King of Connacht


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  • 1274 — Années : 1271 1272 1273  1274  1275 1276 1277 Décennies : 1240 1250 1260  1270  1280 1290 1300 Siècles : XIIe siècle  XIIIe&# …   Wikipédia en Français

  • 1274 — Portal Geschichte | Portal Biografien | Aktuelle Ereignisse | Jahreskalender ◄ | 12. Jahrhundert | 13. Jahrhundert | 14. Jahrhundert | ► ◄ | 1240er | 1250er | 1260er | 1270er | 1280er | 1290er | 1300er | ► ◄◄ | ◄ | 1270 | 1271 | 1272 | 12 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • 1274 — Años: 1271 1272 1273 – 1274 – 1275 1276 1277 Décadas: Años 1240 Años 1250 Años 1260 – Años 1270 – Años 1280 Años 1290 Años 1300 Siglos: Siglo XII – …   Wikipedia Español

  • -1274 — Années : 1277 1276 1275   1274  1273 1272 1271 Décennies : 1300 1290 1280   1270  1260 1250 1240 Siècles : XIVe siècle av. J.‑C.   …   Wikipédia en Français

  • 1274 — ГОСТ 1274{ 76} Отходы потребления шерстяных и полушерстяных материалов сортированные. Технические условия. ОКС: 13.030.10, 59.080 КГС: М08 Текстильные обрезки и тряпье Взамен: ГОСТ 1274 66 Действие: С 01.01.77 Изменен: ИУС 6/86, 12/91 Примечание …   Справочник ГОСТов

  • 1274 — …   Википедия

  • 1274 — матем. • Запись римскими цифрами: MCCLXXIV …   Словарь обозначений

  • 1274 год — Годы 1270 · 1271 · 1272 · 1273 1274 1275 · 1276 · 1277 · 1278 Десятилетия 1250 е · 1260 е 1270 е 1280 е · …   Википедия

  • 1274 dans les croisades — Chronologie synoptique des Croisades 1271 1272 1273 1274 1275 1276 1277 Francs …   Wikipédia en Français

  • 1274 Delportia — Delportia Discovery Discovered by Delporte, E. Discovery site Uccle Discovery date November 28, 1932 Designations MPC designation …   Wikipedia


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