Religion in London


Religion in London

: "For London as a whole, see the main article London.":"For a wider coverage of London, visit the ."

London has centres of worship for a multitude of faiths. According to the 2001 Census, the largest religious groupings are Christian (58.2 per cent), followed by those of no religion (15.8 per cent), Muslims (8.5 per cent), Hindus (4.1 per cent), Jews (2.1 per cent), Sikhs (1.5 per cent), Buddhists (0.8 per cent) and other (0.5 per cent), though 8.7 per cent of people did not answer this question in the Census.cite web|url=http://www.statistics.gov.uk/census2001/profiles/H-A.asp#ethnic|title=Census 2001 profiles: London|publisher=Office for National Statistics|accessdate=2008-08-19]

However, historically London has been predominantly Christian - clear from the large number of churches around the area, particularly in the City of London which alone contains around 50 churches. Anglicanism is the primary denomination, and the Archbishop of Canterbury's main residence is actually at Lambeth Palace. Most parts of London north of the Thames are within the diocese of London under the Bishop of London at the famous St Paul's Cathedral in the City, whilst most parts south of the river are administered from Southwark Cathedral as the diocese of Southwark. Important national and royal ceremonies are divided between St Paul's and Westminster Abbey.

The largest Roman Catholic cathedral in England and Wales is Westminster Cathedral, from where the Archbishop of Westminster leads the English and Welsh Catholic church. Other Christian denominations also have headquarters in the city, including the United Reformed Church, the Salvation Army and the Quakers, and immigrant communities have established their own denominations (e.g. Greek Orthodoxy). Evangelical churches are also present in the city.

The boroughs of Tower Hamlets and Newham have the highest proportions of Muslims in the UK in terms of council area, although the total figure for London is not particularly high by British standards. London Central Mosque is a well-known landmark on the edge of Regent's Park, and there are many other mosques in the city.

Over half of the UK's Hindu population lives in London, [ [http://www.statistics.gov.uk/cci/nugget.asp?id=956 Minority religions mainly in London] . National Statistics. Accessed 5 Jun 2006.] particularly in Brent and Harrow where they make up a fifth of the population, and in Southall in West London. The Hindu temple at Neasden was the largest temple of Hinduism in Europe, [ [http://www.bbc.co.uk/london/content/articles/2005/05/19/hindu_london_feature.shtml Hindu London] , BBC, 6 June 2005. URL accessed on 5 June 2006.] until the opening of the Shri Venkateswara (Balaji) Temple in Tividale in 2006. [ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/england/west_midlands/5276644.stm Opening for biggest Hindu temple] BBC, 23 August, 2006. URL accessed on August 28, 2006.] Hare Krishna are sometimes seen on the streets of London, particularly near the Radha Krishna Temple in Soho.

Over two-thirds of British Jews live in London, which ranks thirteenth in the world as a Jewish population centre. [ [http://www.jafi.org.il/education/100/concepts/demography/demtables.html#10 Metropolitan Areas With Largest Jewish Populations, 1 Jan 2002] www.jafi.org.il] There are significant Jewish communities in parts of north London such as Stamford Hill and Golders Green. [ [http://www.bbc.co.uk/london/content/articles/2004/08/11/communities_jewish_feature.shtml BBC London feature on Jewish communities, 11 Aug 2004] www.bbc.co.uk]

ee also

*Islam in London
*List of churches in London

References


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