Viscount Falkland


Viscount Falkland

Viscount of Falkland is a title in the Peerage of Scotland. It was created in 1620 for Sir Henry Cary. He was made Lord Cary at the same time, also in the Peerage of Scotland. His son, the second Viscount, was a prominent statesman. The latter's younger son, the fourth Viscount (who succeeded his elder brother), notably served as Lord Lieutenant of Oxfordshire. His son, the fifth Viscount, represented several constituencies in the House of Commons and held office as First Lord of the Admiralty from 1693 to 1694.

On his death the line of the second Viscount failed and the peerages were inherited by the late Viscount's second cousin, the sixth Viscount. He was the grandson of the Hon. Patrick Cary, fifth son of the first Viscount. A lifelong adherent of the exiled Royal Family of Stuart, he was created, on 13 December 1722, by James Francis Edward Stuart (recognised by Jacobites as "King James III") Earl of Falkland, in the Jacobite Peerage of England. He also embraced the Catholic faith. His great-great-grandson, the tenth Viscount, was a colonial administrator and Liberal politician. In 1832 he was created Baron Hunsdon, of Scutterskelfe in the County of York, in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. This title gave him an automatic seat in the House of Lords but became extinct on his death in 1884. The Scottish titles were inherited by his younger brother, the eleventh Viscount. He was an Admiral in the Royal Navy.

His nephew, the twelfth Viscount, sat in the House of Lords as a Scottish Representative Peer from 1894 to 1922. He was succeeded by his son, the thirteenth Viscount, who served as a Scottish Representative Peer between 1922 and 1931. As of 2006 the titles are held by the latter's grandson, the fifteenth Viscount, who succeeded his father in 1984. He is one of the ninety elected hereditary peers that were allowed to remain in the House of Lords after the passing of the House of Lords Act 1999. Lord Falkland sits on the Liberal Democrat benches.

Theoretically all viscountcies in the Peerage of Scotland have "of" in their titles, but most Scottish Viscounts have dropped the practice of using "of." The only ones who persist in the usage of the word are the Viscount of Arbuthnott, and, to a lesser extent, the Viscount of Oxfuird.

The Viscounts Falkland take their title from the Scottish royal residence Falkland Palace, Falkland, Fife, Scotland. However, despite holding two Scottish peerages, the Cary family are of English origin.

The Falkland Islands are named after Anthony Cary, 5th Viscount Falkland.

Viscounts (of) Falkland (1620)

*Henry Cary, 1st Viscount Falkland (c. 1575-1633)
*Lucius Cary, 2nd Viscount Falkland (1610-1643)
*Lucius Cary, 3rd Viscount Falkland (1632-1649)
*Henry Cary, 4th Viscount Falkland (1634-1663)
*Anthony Cary, 5th Viscount Falkland (1656-1694)
*Lucius Henry Cary, 6th Viscount Falkland (1687-1730)
*Lucius Charles Cary, 7th Viscount Falkland (c. 1707-1785)
*Henry Thomas Cary, 8th Viscount Falkland (1766-1796)
*Charles John Cary, 9th Viscount Falkland (1768-1809)
*Lucius Bentinck Cary, 10th Viscount Falkland (1803-1884)
*Plantagenet Pierrepont Cary, 11th Viscount Falkland (1806-1886)
*Byron Plantagenet Cary, 12th Viscount Falkland (1845-1922)
*Lucius Plantagenet Cary, 13th Viscount Falkland (1880-1961)
*Lucius Henry Charles Plantagenet Cary, 14th Viscount Falkland (1905-1984)
*Lucius Edward William Plantagenet Cary, 15th Viscount Falkland (b. 1935)

The Heir Apparent is the present holder's son Lucius Alexander Plantagenet Cary, Master of Falkland

References

*Kidd, Charles, Williamson, David (editors). "Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage" (1990 edition). New York: St Martin's Press, 1990.
* [http://www.angeltowns.com/town/peerage/ Leigh Rayment's Peerage Page]
*Ruvigny and Raineval, Marquis of, "The Jacobite Peerage". Edinburgh, 1904.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Viscount Falkland — Lucius Cary, 2. Viscount Falkland Viscount of Falkland ist ein erblicher britischer Adelstitel in der Peerage of Scotland, welcher von der englischen Familie Cary geführt wird. Der Name leitet sich von Falkland Palace bei Falkland in der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lucius Cary, 2nd Viscount Falkland — (c. 1610 – 20 September,1643) was an English politician, soldier and author. He was the son of Sir Henry Cary, afterwards 1st Viscount Falkland, a member of an ancient Devon family, who was lord deputy of Ireland from 1622 to 1629, and of his… …   Wikipedia

  • Lucius Cary, 15th Viscount Falkland — Lucius Edward William Plantagenet Cary, 15th Viscount Falkland (born 8 May 1935) is a Liberal Democrat politician and peer. He is the elder son of Lucius Cary, 14th Viscount Falkland and Constance Mary Berry. Cary was educated at Wellington… …   Wikipedia

  • Lucius Cary, 10th Viscount Falkland — Lucius Bentinck Cary, 10th Viscount Falkland GCH PC (5 November, 1803 ndash;12 March, 1884), was a British colonial administrator and Liberal politician. Falkland was the son of Charles John Cary, 9th Viscount Falkland, and his wife Christiana.… …   Wikipedia

  • Anthony Carey, 5. Viscount Falkland — Anthony Cary, 5. Viscount Falkland PC (* 16. Februar 1656; † 24. Mai 1694) war ein schottischer Peer und Politiker in England. Nach ihm wurde der Falklandsund benannt, der wiederum Namensgeber für das gesamte Archipel der Falklandinseln wurde.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Henry Cary, 4th Viscount Falkland — (1634 – April 2, 1663) was a Scottish nobleman and Member of the Parliament of England; the son of Lucius Cary, 2nd Viscount Falkland. [ [http://www.thepeerage.com/p2637.htm#i26367 thePeerage.com] ] Cary inherited his title after his brother… …   Wikipedia

  • Lucius Cary, 3rd Viscount Falkland — Lucius Henry Cary, 3rd Viscount Falkland (1632 27 September 1649) was the son of Lucius Cary, 2nd Viscount Falkland. He was educated at Christ Church, Oxford. He succeeded to his father s title of Viscount Falkland on his death at the First… …   Wikipedia

  • Anthony Cary, 5. Viscount Falkland — PC (* 16. Februar 1656; † 24. Mai 1694) war ein schottischer Peer und englischer Politiker. Nach ihm wurde der Falklandsund benannt, der wiederum Namensgeber für das gesamte Archipel der Falklandinseln wurde. Falklands Vater war Henry Cary, 4.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Henry Cary, 1st Viscount Falkland — (c. 1575 September 1633) was a coloniser and military officer. He was born in England and educated at Exeter College, Oxford. In 1611 he became a supporter of the Northwest Passage Company and was knighted in 1616. Cary was created first Viscount …   Wikipedia

  • Falkland-Inseln — Falkland Islands Falklandinseln / Malwinen …   Deutsch Wikipedia