Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari Province


Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari Province
Chahar Mahaal and Bakhtiari Province
استان چهارمحال و بختیاری
—  Province  —
Map of Iran with Chahar Mahaal and Bakhtiari highlighted
Location of Chahar Mahaal and Bakhtiari within Iran
Coordinates: 32°19′39″N 50°51′17″E / 32.3275°N 50.8546°E / 32.3275; 50.8546Coordinates: 32°19′39″N 50°51′17″E / 32.3275°N 50.8546°E / 32.3275; 50.8546
Country  Iran
Capital Shahrekord
Counties 7
Area
 – Total 16,332 km2 (6,305.8 sq mi)
Population (2006)[1]
 – Total 857,910
 – Density 52.5/km2 (136.1/sq mi)
Time zone IRST (UTC+03:30)
 – Summer (DST) IRST (UTC+04:30)
Main language(s) Persian
Bakhtiari Lurish
Qashqai

Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari Province (Persian: استان چهارمحال و بختیاری, Ostān-e Chahār-Mahāl-o Bakhtiyārī ) is one of the 31 provinces of Iran. It lies in the southwestern part of the country. Its capital is Shahrekord.

It has an area of 16,332 square kilometers and a population of 842,000 (2005 estimate).

Contents

People and culture

The history of the province is tied to that of the Bakhtiari tribe. The Bakhtiari tribe can be divided into two sub-tribes, Haft Lang and Chahar Lang with various territorial affiliations and they are the main speakers of Lurish language. As the name of the province dictates with the combining grammatical feature of "-o-" which is Persian for "and"; the other group of peoples in this ancient province are the Chahar Mahali's. These peoples and the Lur's live side by side and share almost similar customs. Very slight differences exist between them but most are almost unnoticeable. However there is often quite a bit of intermixing of the peoples through marriage. The cities of Shahrekord, Broujen, Ben, Naafch and Saman fall in the Chahar Mahali area of the province and are generally not inhabited by Lurs. The Bakhtiari territories at times have also come under Isfahan and Khuzestan province.

The people of this province have a history of having a simple living and being a capable people who are determined and effective warriors and fighters whenever circumstances made it necessary. They have gained such a reputation as being excellent, if not the best, horsemen in Iran. The people of this province, while having the more common Pahlevani wrestling/combat style of the deep rooted traditional Zurkhane, which exists everywhere in all provinces, also have their own style of wrestling/unarmed combat as well (as do other provinces). The style is called Jangi (Jang means War and hence Jangi "war'ish" or "war like").

The province has various unique traditions and rituals relative to the 'tribal' lifestyles. Special forms of music, dance, and clothing are noteworthy.

Administrative divisions

Counties (Shahrestans)

Map Shahrestan
(≈County)
Bakhsh
(≈District)
District Center
Saman
Ben
Laran
Kiar
Gandoman
Boldaji
Khanmirza
Falard
Bazoft
Esfahan
Esfahan



Ardal Central Ardal
Miankooh Sarkhun
Boroojen Central Boroojen
Boldaji Boldaji
Gandoman Gandoman
Farsan Central Farsan
Koohrang Central Chelgerd
Bazaft Chaman-Goli
Lordegan Central Lordegan
Falard Mal-e Khalifeh
Khanmirza Aluni
Manj Manj
Shahr-e Kord Central Shahr-e Kord
Ben Ben
Kiar Shalamzar
Laran Soureshjan
Saman Saman

Cities and towns

Economy

The province is mainly active in the agriculture sector. Most of the industrial sector is clustered around the center of the province.

The province has the potential to become a vibrant tourist attraction because of its natural resources.[2]

Colleges and universities

Provincial government links

Other links

References

  1. ^ [1] National Census 2006

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Isfahan Province — استان اصفهان   Province   Locat …   Wikipedia

  • Lorestan Province — استان لرستان   Province   L …   Wikipedia

  • Chahar Mahaal-o-Bakhtiari — Chahar Mahaal et Bakhtiari استان چهارمحال و بختیاری (Ostān e Chahārmahāl u Bakhtiāri) Province de Chahar Mahaal et Bakhtiari Administration Pays Iran …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Chahar Mahaal Et Bakhtiari — استان چهارمحال و بختیاری (Ostān e Chahārmahāl u Bakhtiāri) Province de Chahar Mahaal et Bakhtiari Administration Pays Iran …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Chahar Mahaal O Bakhtiari — Chahar Mahaal et Bakhtiari استان چهارمحال و بختیاری (Ostān e Chahārmahāl u Bakhtiāri) Province de Chahar Mahaal et Bakhtiari Administration Pays Iran …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Chahar Mahaal o Bakhtiari — Chahar Mahaal et Bakhtiari استان چهارمحال و بختیاری (Ostān e Chahārmahāl u Bakhtiāri) Province de Chahar Mahaal et Bakhtiari Administration Pays Iran …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Chahar mahaal et bakhtiari — استان چهارمحال و بختیاری (Ostān e Chahārmahāl u Bakhtiāri) Province de Chahar Mahaal et Bakhtiari Administration Pays Iran …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Chahar mahaal o bakhtiari — Chahar Mahaal et Bakhtiari استان چهارمحال و بختیاری (Ostān e Chahārmahāl u Bakhtiāri) Province de Chahar Mahaal et Bakhtiari Administration Pays Iran …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Chahar Mahaal et Bakhtiari — 32° 19′ 39″ N 50° 51′ 17″ E / 32.3275, 50.8546 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad Province — استان کهگیلویه و بویراحمد   Province   …   Wikipedia