- Saintonge War
Infobox Military Conflict
caption="St. Louis IX at the Battle of Taillebourg", by
Kingdom of England
casualties2=The Saintonge War was a feudal dynastic encounter that occurred in
1242between forces of Louis IX of Franceand those of Henry III of England. Saintongeis the region around Saintesin the west of France. The conflict arose because some vassals of Louis were displeased with accession of his brother, Alphonse, as count of Poitou. The French decisively defeated the English at the Battle of Taillebourg and concluded the struggle at the Siege of Saintes, but because of dynastic sensibilities and the desire to go on a crusade, Louis did not annex Guyenne.
By the terms of his will Louis VIII had left Poitou as an
appanageto his younger son Alphonse. In June 1241, Louis IX held a plenary court at Saumurin Anjouand announced that Alphonse, having come of age, was ready to come into possession. Many nobles from Aquitaineattended the court, among them Isabella of Angoulêmeand her husband, the Count of La Marche, Hugh de Lusignan. After the meeting at Saumur, Louis went to Poitiersand installed his brother as the Count of Poitiers. The Lusignans were not receptive to Capetian authority in the region, and Isabella was particularly frustrated that her son, the Earl of Cornwall and brother to King Henry III, had not got the title. Shortly after his arrival at Poitiers, Louis learned that Hugh had assembled an army of men-at-arms at the nearby town of Lusignan. Talks between Louis and Alphonse and Hugh and Isabella did not resolve the dispute.
In April 1242, Louis assembled a force at
Chinonthat some contemporaries estimated at around 50,000. On May 20, 1242, Henry arrived at Royen and joined the rebelling French nobles, forming an army that may have numbered about 30,000. [These figures may have been glamorized.] The two kings exchanged letters, but these resolved nothing.
Battle of Taillebourg
Henry advanced to Tonnay-Charente by mid-July and Louis moved to Sainte-Jean-d'Angely, just north of Taillebourg, the armies intending to reach the bridge across the
Charente River, located in the commune of Taillebourg. Henry and Hugh positioned their army near the village of Saint-James on the west bank of the river and camped in the neighboring field, while Louis was welcomed to the fortified chateau of Geoffroy de Rancon, the Count of Taillebourg. Henry decided to send an advance guard to protect the left bank of the Taillebourg bridge, a move that led to a sharp encounter with some French troops on either July 21 or 22. Louis decided to follow up this engagement and launched a full offensive with the entire French army. The aggressive French assaults carried the day and the English king fled south to the town of Saintes, along with the revolting barons.
iege of Saintes
On July 22 or 23, the French army arrayed itself before the city of
Saintes. Henry realized that Hugh did not have as much support as he may have earlier claimed and withdrew to Bordeaux. It is uncertain if there were was any armed conflict associated with the siege. Recognizing that he was in a hopeless position, Hugh surrendered to Louis on July 24, ending the Saintonge War.
Casualties are unknown, but were probably not heavy. Hugh's revolt and Henry's assistance were primarily aimed at exploiting the diversion provided by French involvement in the
Albigensian Crusades. Raymond VII of Toulouseled a revolt in May 1242, but his allies revoked their support after the English were defeated; Raymond submitted to the king's authority at Montargisin January 1243. Louis did not take advantage of his victory by annexing the Plantagenetfief of Guyenne, probably because he was mostly concerned with going on the Seventh Crusadein 1248. He simply allowed Henry to do homage without inflicting further punishment.
* [http://xenophongroup.com/montjoie/taillebr.htm The Saintonge War]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Saintonge — (Saintongeais: Saintonghe) ist der historische Name einer Landschaft im Westen Frankreichs, die an den Atlantik angrenzt und in ihrem Umfang weitgehend den Arrondissements von Saintes und Saint Jean d’Angély im Département Charente Maritime… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Saintonge — (spr. ßängtóngsch ), ehemalige franz. Provinz am Atlantischen Ozean, bildet jetzt hauptsächlich das Depart. Niedercharente; Hauptstadt war Saintes. Vgl. Girard, L Aunis et le S. maritime (Niort 1901). Mit dem Herzogtum Guyenne vereinigt, fiel S.… … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Saintonge Regiment — Infobox Military Unit unit name=Saintonge Regiment caption= country=France allegiance=Ancien Régime type=Infantry branch= dates=1684 1792 specialization= command structure= size= 2 battalions current commander= garrison= ceremonial chief=… … Wikipedia
Graf von Saintonge — Dieser Artikel oder Abschnitt ist nicht hinreichend mit Belegen (Literatur, Webseiten oder Einzelnachweisen) versehen. Die fraglichen Angaben werden daher möglicherweise demnächst gelöscht. Hilf Wikipedia, indem du die Angaben recherchierst und… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Hundred Years' War — Clockwise, from top left: John of Bohemia at the Battle of Crécy, Plantagenet and Franco Castilian fleets at the Battle of La Rochelle … Wikipedia
List of French units in the American Revolutionary War — This is a list of French units in the American Revolutionary War.Infantry regiments*Agenois Regiment *Auxonne Regiment *Bourbonnois Regiment *Gatinois Regiment *Metz Regiment *Royal Deux Ponts Regiment *Saintonge Regiment *Soissonois Regiment… … Wikipedia
Battle of Taillebourg — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle of Taillebourg partof=the Saintonge War caption= The Battle of Taillebourg won by Saint Louis, painted by Eugène Delacroix date=July 21, 1242 place=Taillebourg, France (at the bridge over the Charente… … Wikipedia
Schlacht bei Taillebourg — Die Schlacht von Taillebourg von Eugène Delacroix, 1837 … Deutsch Wikipedia
History of France — The History of France has been divided into a series of separate historical articles navigable through the list to the right. The chronological era articles (highlighted in blue) address broad French historical, cultural and sociological… … Wikipedia
Agobard — von Lyon, auch Agobardus, Agobert, Agobald und Agabo (* um 769 in Spanien; † 6. Juni 840 in der Saintonge), war einer der gelehrtesten Prälaten seiner Zeit und Erzbischof von Lyon von 816 bis 840. Agobard zählte zu den wichtigsten Kirchenmännern… … Deutsch Wikipedia