- Venda language
Venda Tshivenḓa Spoken in South Africa
Region Limpopo Province Native speakers 1.1 million (2006) Language family Writing system Latin Official status Regulated by No official regulation Language codes ISO 639-1 ve ISO 639-2 ven ISO 639-3 ven This page contains IPA phonetic symbols in Unicode. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters.
Venda, also known as Tshivenḓa, or Luvenḓa, is a Bantu language and an official language of South Africa. The majority of Venda speakers live in South Africa, but there are also speakers in Zimbabwe. The Venda language is related to Kalanga (Western Shona, different from Shona, official language of Zimambwe) which is spoken in Botswana and Zimbabwe. During the Apartheid era of South Africa, the bantustan of Venda was set up to cover the Venda speakers of South Africa.
Venda belongs to the Bantu branch of the Niger–Congo languages.
Venda is spoken by about 666,000 people in the northern part of South Africa's Limpopo Province, as well as 84,000 people in Zimbabwe.
The Venda language uses the Latin alphabet with 5 additional accented letters—there are 4 consonants with circumflex below the letter (ḓ, ḽ, ṋ, ṱ) and an overdot (ṅ). The letters C, J and Q are used only in quoting foreign words and names.
The Venda alphabet A a B b (C c) D d Ḓ ḓ E e F f G g H h I i (J j) K k L l Ḽ ḽ M m N n Ṋ ṋ Ṅ ṅ O o P p (Q q) R r S s T t Ṱ ṱ U u V v W w X x Y y Z z letter(s) value(s) in IPA notes a [a] b [b] bv [b̪v] bw [bɣw] or [bj] Varies by dialect d [d] dz [d͡z] dzh [d͡ʒ] Similar to English "j" dzw [d͡zw] ḓ [d̪] e [ɛ], [e] f [f] fh [ɸ] g [ɡ] h [ɦ], [h] Pronounced h] before e. hw [ɣw] i [i] k [kˀ] kh [kʰ] khw [kʰw] l [ɭ] ḽ [l̪] m [m], [m̩] M is syllabic, [m̩], when the following syllable begins with m. n [n], [n̩] N is syllabic, when the following syllable begins with n. ng [ŋɡ] ny [ɲ] nz [nd͡z] ṋ [n̪] ṅ [ŋ] ṅw [ŋw] o [ɔ], [o] p [pˀ] ph [pʰ] pf [p̪f] pfh [p̪fʰ] r [ɾ] s [s] sh [ʃ] sw [ʂ] t [tˀ] th [tʰ] ts [t͡s] tsh [t͡ʃʰ] tsw [t͡sw] ty [c] ṱ [t̪] ṱh [t̪h] u [u] v [v] vh [β] w [w] x [x] Similar to the ch in Scottish 'loch.' y [j] z [z] zh [ʒ] zw [ʐ]
The extra letters have the following Unicode names
- Ḓ U+1E12 LATIN CAPITAL LETTER D WITH CIRCUMFLEX BELOW
- ḓ U+1E13 LATIN SMALL LETTER D WITH CIRCUMFLEX BELOW
- Ḽ U+1E3C LATIN CAPITAL LETTER L WITH CIRCUMFLEX BELOW
- ḽ U+1E3D LATIN SMALL LETTER L WITH CIRCUMFLEX BELOW
- Ṅ U+1E44 LATIN CAPITAL LETTER N WITH DOT ABOVE
- ṅ U+1E45 LATIN SMALL LETTER N WITH DOT ABOVE
- Ṋ U+1E4A LATIN CAPITAL LETTER N WITH CIRCUMFLEX BELOW
- ṋ U+1E4B LATIN SMALL LETTER N WITH CIRCUMFLEX BELOW
- Ṱ U+1E70 LATIN CAPITAL LETTER T WITH CIRCUMFLEX BELOW
- ṱ U+1E71 LATIN SMALL LETTER T WITH CIRCUMFLEX BELOW
- Spell checker for OpenOffice.org and Mozilla, OpenOffice.org, Mozilla Firefox web-browser, and Mozilla Thunderbird email program in Venda
- Translate.org.za Project to translate Free and Open Source Software into all the official languages of South Africa including Venda
- Keyboard with extra venda characters
Languages of South Africa OfficialSouthern BantuVenda (Tshivenda) · Tsonga (Xitsonga) PanSALB11 unofficial languages mentioned in the 1996 constitution Languages of Zimbabwe
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См. также в других словарях:
Venda (disambiguation) — Venda may refer to: * Venda people a tribe in Northern South Africa * Venda language the language they speak * Venda the former bantustan for the Venda people … Wikipedia
Venda — /ven deuh/, n. a self governing Bantu territory of South Africa in the NE part: granted independence in 1979 by South Africa, but not recognized by any other country as an independent state. 513,890; 2510 sq. mi. (6500 sq. km). Cap.: Thohoyandou … Universalium
Venda — Infobox Former Country native name = Venda conventional long name = Republic of Venda common name = Venda continent = Africa region = Southern Africa country = South Africa status = Bantustan empire = event start = Self government year start =… … Wikipedia
Venda people — For other uses of the term Venda, please see Venda (disambiguation). Venda Total population 600 000 1 000 000 Regions with significant populations … Wikipedia
Venda — I Vẹnda [v ], Bavẹnda, mit den Shona verwandtes Bantuvolk beiderseits des Limpopo in Südostafrika mit Beziehungen zur späteisenzeitlichen Steinbaukultur des südlichen Afrika (Mapungubwe). Von den in zahlreiche Stämme gegliederten Venda wohnen … Universal-Lexikon
Venda — [ vɛndə] noun (plural same or Vendas) 1》 a member of a people living in Limpopo province in South Africa and southern Zimbabwe. 2》 the Bantu language of the Venda. Origin from the stem of Venda Muvenda (in sense 1), Tshivenda (in sense 2) … English new terms dictionary
venda — ˈvendə noun (plural venda or vendas) Usage: usually capitalized 1. a. : a people of the northern Transvaal, Africa b. : a member of such people 2 … Useful english dictionary
language — I (New American Roget s College Thesaurus) System of communication Nouns 1. language, tongue, lingo, vernacular, mother tongue, protolanguage; living or dead language; idiom, parlance, phraseology; wording; dialect, patois, cant, jargon, lingo,… … English dictionary for students
Venda do Pinheiro — Original name in latin Venda do Pinheiro Name in other language State code PT Continent/City Europe/Lisbon longitude 38.92365 latitude 9.23178 altitude 263 Population 4950 Date 2011 08 28 … Cities with a population over 1000 database
Venda — I. noun Date: 1908 a Bantu language spoken by a people of Northern province, Republic of South Africa; also a member of this people II. geographical name former black enclave in the Republic of South Africa capital Thohoyandou; granted… … New Collegiate Dictionary