- Facial (sex act)
A facial is a term for the sexual activity in which a man ejaculates semen onto the face of one or more sexual partners. A facial is a form of non-penetrative sex, though it is generally performed after some other means of sexual stimulation, such as anal sex, intercourse, masturbation, or oral sex. Facial cumshots are regularly depicted in Western and Japanese pornographic media, often as a way to close a scene.
The performance of a facial is typically preceded by activities that result in the sexual arousal and stimulation of the ejaculating participant. After the prerequisite level of sexual stimulation has been achieved, and ejaculation becomes imminent, the male will position his penis so that the semen discharged will be deposited onto his partner's face.
The volume of semen that is ejaculated depends on several factors, including the male's health, age, degree of sexual excitement, and the time since his last ejaculation. Normal quantities of ejaculate range from 1.5 to 5.0 milliliters (1 teaspoon). Seconds after being deposited onto the face, the semen thickens, before liquefying 15–30 minutes later.
Transmission of disease
Any sexual activity that involves contact with the bodily fluids of another person contains the risk of transmission of sexually transmitted diseases. Semen is in itself generally harmless on the skin or if swallowed. However, semen can be the vehicle for many sexually transmitted infections, such as HIV and Hepatitis. The California Occupational Safety and Health Administration categorizes semen as "other potentially infectious material" or OPIM.
Aside from other sexual activity that may have occurred prior to performing a facial the risks incurred by the giving and receiving partner are drastically different. For the ejaculating partner there is almost no risk of contracting an STD. For the receiving partner, the risk is higher. Since potentially infected semen could come into contact with broken skin or sensitive mucus membranes (eyes, lips, mouth), there is a risk of contracting an infectious disease.
In rare cases, people have been known to experience allergic reactions to seminal fluids, known as human seminal plasma hypersensitivity. Symptoms can be either localized or systemic, and may include itching, redness, swelling, or blisters within 30 minutes of contact. They may also include hives and even difficulty breathing.
Predating the modern age of pornography, facials were described in literature. As an example, the French aristocrat Marquis de Sade wrote about performing facials in his work The 120 Days of Sodom, written in 1785. One passage of the novel reads "... I show them my prick, then what do you suppose I do? I squirt the fuck in their face... That's my passion my child, I have no other... and you're about to behold it."
In the 1970s, the hardcore pornography genre introduced the stereotypical cumshot (also known as the money shot) scene as a central element (leitmotif) of the hardcore film, in which the male actor ejaculates in a way ensuring maximum visibility of the act itself. These scenes may involve the female actor "calling for" the shot to be directed at some specific part of her body. Nowadays, facial cumshots are regularly portrayed in pornographic films, videos, magazines and internet web sites. Hugo Ohira, director of marketing for Silvercash, rhetorically asks "Who doesn't like spewing their load on a pretty young face?"
In addition to mainstream pornography, the popularity of facials has led to creation of its own niche market, like video series that specialise in showing the act. Anti-pornography psychologist Ana Bridges and colleagues conducted a content analysis of best-selling heterosexual pornographic videos showing that over 96% of all scenes concluded with a male performer ejaculating onto the body of his female partner. The mouth was the most common area to be ejaculated upon. When all regions of the face are included, facial cum shots comprise approximately 62% of scenes where external ejaculation occurs.
Social reception and critiques
There are a variety of views ranging from facials being an act of degradation and elicit humiliation to being grounded in mutual respect and elicit pleasure. Sex therapist Ruth Westheimer believes facials are humiliating and not sexy. She advises the average person contemplating oral sex to not think that a facial is a necessary part of the act. In response to an inquiry from a reader, sex columnist Dan Savage wrote: "Facials are degrading—and that's why they're so hot." Daily Nexus columnist Nina Love Anthony views the practice of facials in a non-threatening light, feeling that it adds variety to the sexual experience. In one of her weekly articles she wrote "But let's give credit where credit is due: The money shot, by itself, is great for a number of reasons. Blowing it on someone's face is like a change-up pitch - if you've been throwing the heat for a while, maybe you should consider hooking the curve ball." She continues with "Also, being on the receiving end of the shot can satisfy the secret porn star in everyone and it's minor kink for beginners".
Feminist views of the depiction of male-on-female facials are primarily critical. Sociologists Gail Dines, Robert Jensen and Russo echo these sentiments in the book Pornography: The Production and Consumption of Inequality it asserts "In pornography, ejaculating onto a woman is a primary method by which she is turned into a slut, something (not really someone) whose primary, if not only, purpose is to be sexual with men." Radical feminist and noted critic of pornography Andrea Dworkin said "it is a convention of pornography that the sperm is on her not in her. It marks the spot, what he owns and how he owns it. The ejaculation on her is a way of saying (through showing) that she is contaminated with his dirt; that she is dirty."
Other critics suggest different meanings. Author Lisa Moore suggests that Dworkin's explanation does not take into account that it is the pleasure the actresses exhibit that the male partners enjoy, and that it is more accurate to think men want their semen to be wanted. Women's activist Beatrice Faust stated "Since ejaculating into blank space is not much fun, ejaculating over a person who responds with enjoyment sustains a lighthearted mood as well as a degree of realism." She goes on to say "Logically, if sex is natural and wholesome and semen is as healthy as sweat, there is no reason to interpret ejaculation as a hostile gesture." Joseph Slade, professor at Ohio University, notes in his book Pornography and sexual representation: a reference guide that adult industry actresses in the 1960s and 1970s did not trust birth control methods, and that more than one actress of the period told him that ejaculation inside her body was deemed inconsiderate if not rude.
In her essay "Speaking Out: Teaching In" Cindy Patton simply reached the conclusion that critics have devoted too little space to discovering the meaning that viewers attach to specific acts such as cum shots.
- ^ a b Westheimer, Ruth K.; Lehu, Pierre A. (2006). Sex for Dummies. Wiley. p. 194. ISBN 978-0470045237.
- ^ "Swimming Toward Conception: The Semen Analysis". Focus on Fertility, American Infertility Association and Organon Pharmaceuticals USA Inc. Archived from the original on January 8, 2008. http://web.archive.org/web/20080112144449/http://www.focusonfertility.org/resource_swimming_conception.htm.
- ^ Gallup, G. G.; Burch, R. L.; Mitchell, T. J. B. (2006). "Semen displacement as a sperm competition strategy". Human Nature 17: 253. doi:10.1007/s12110-006-1008-9. http://www.epjournal.net/filestore/ep021223.pdf.
- ^ Taylor, Emma; Sharkey, Lorelei (2006). Em & Lo's Rec Sex: An A-Z Guide to Hooking Up. Chronicle Books. p. 60. ISBN 978-0811852128.
- ^ Mann, Thaddeus (1981) . Male Reproductive Function and Semen. Springer. ISBN 978-0387103839.
- ^ Scheit, Karl H. (1990) . Proteins of Seminal Plasma. John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 978-0471846857.
- ^ "Cal/OSHA Health Hazards in the Adult Film Industry". State of California. http://www.dir.ca.gov/DOSH/AdultFilmIndustry.html#hh. Retrieved 2008-07-25.
- ^ a b c Moore, LJ (2007). Sperm Counts: Overcome by Man's Most Precious Fluid. New York University Press. pp. 84. ISBN 978-0814757185.
- ^ Guillet G, Dagregorio G, Guillet M (2005). "[Vulvar contact dermatitis due to seminal allergy: 3 cases]". Ann Dermatol Venereol 132 (2): 123–5. PMID 15798560.
- ^ Weidinger S, Ring J, Köhn F (2005). "IgE-mediated allergy against human seminal plasma". Chem Immunol Allergy. Chemical Immunology and Allergy, 2005 88: 128–138. doi:10.1159/000087830. ISBN 3-8055-7951-9. PMID 16129942.
- ^ Seaver, Richard (1987) . The 120 Days of Sodom and Other Writings. Grove Press. p. 268. ISBN 978-0802130129.
- ^ Linda Williams (1989). Hard core: power, pleasure, and the "frenzy of the visible". University of California Press. pp. 93–94. ISBN 9780520066526. http://books.google.com/books?id=OMa96WrLnhQC&pg=PA93.
- ^ Linda Williams (1989). Hard core: power, pleasure, and the "frenzy of the visible". University of California Press. p. 101. ISBN 9780520066526. http://books.google.com/books?id=OMa96WrLnhQC&pg=PA101. Retrieved 30 January 2011.
- ^ Violet Blue, (Sep 2001) A First Timer’s Guide to Watching Porn, "Facial ejaculation (men ejaculating on women’s faces) is pretty much a standard."
- ^ "Silvercash Releases New Solo-Girl, Tranny and Facial Sites". AVN Online. http://business.avn.com/articles/Silvercash-Releases-New-Solo-Girl-Tranny-and-Facial-Sites-46492.html. Retrieved 2010-12-10.
- ^ "The Final (Niche) Frontier". AVN Online. http://business.avn.com/articles/The-Final-Niche-Frontier-26019.html. Retrieved 2010-10-26.
- ^ Pornography's Effects on Interpersonal Relationships Ana J. Bridges, Ph.D., archived on December 30 2010 from the original
- ^ Bridges, A. J.; Wosnitzer, R.; Scharrer, E.; Sun, C.; Liberman, R. (2010). "Aggression and Sexual Behavior in Best-Selling Pornography Videos: A Content Analysis Update". Violence Against Women 16 (10): 1065-85. doi:10.1177/1077801210382866. PMID 20980228. ; preprint
- ^ "One Sort of Facial Promotes Another". Adrants.com. http://www.adrants.com/2006/08/one-sort-of-facial-promotes-another.php.
- ^ Brown, Ruth Nicole (2009). Black girlhood celebration: toward a hip-hop feminist pedagogy. Mediated youth. 5. Peter Lang. p. 59. ISBN 1433100746.
- ^ Sarracino, Carmine; Scott, Kevin M. (2008). The porning of America: the rise of porn culture, what it means, and where we go from here. Beacon Press. pp. 117–119. ISBN 0807061530.
- ^ Hess, Amanda (2009-08-24). "Semen Facials Are Like Weddings". Washington City Paper. http://www.washingtoncitypaper.com/blogs/sexist/2009/08/24/semen-facials-are-like-weddings/. Retrieved 2010-11-08.
- ^ Savage, Dan (2009-04-09). "Savage Love". The Stranger (newspaper). http://www.thestranger.com/seattle/SavageLove?oid=1220590. Retrieved 2010-11-08.
- ^ "Ejaculate Maturely: A Little Man Cream Never Went This Far". Daily Nexus. http://www.dailynexus.com/2005-11-09/ejaculate-maturely/. Retrieved 2008-08-02.
- ^ Dines, G; Jensen R; Russo A (1998) . Pornography: The Production and Consumption of Inequality. Routledge. pp. 78. ISBN 978-0415918121.
- ^ Faust, Beatrice (1980). Women, sex, and pornography: a controversial and unique study. New York: Macmillan. ISBN 0-02-537050-2.
- ^ a b c Slade, Joseph W. (2001). Pornography and Sexual Representation: A Reference Guide Vol. 2. Greenwood Press. pp. 654–656. ISBN 0-313-31520-5. http://books.google.com/books?id=ZaGTZySRzeYC&pg=PA654.
- ^ "Ohio University Faculty". http://www.tcomschool.ohiou.edu/faculty/slade.html. Retrieved 2008-07-28.
- ^ Fuss, Diana (1991) [1991-09-01]. Inside/Out: Lesbian Theories, Gay Theories. Routledge. pp. 373–386. ISBN 978-0415902373. http://books.google.ca/books?id=0cbuW1iQVIwC&pg=PA373.
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