Free port


Free port

A free port (porto franco) or free zone (US: Foreign-Trade Zone) is a port or area with relaxed jurisdiction with respect to the country of location. Free economic zones may also be called free ports.

Most commonly a free port is a special customs area with favorable customs regulations (or no customs duties and controls for transshipment). Earlier in history some free ports like Hong Kong enjoyed political autonomy. Many international airports have free ports, though they tend to be called customs areas, customs zones, or international zones.

Free ports and Free Zones by country

Africa

Egypt

*Port Said
*Suez Canal Container Terminal

Morocco

*Tangier Exportation Free Zone

Mauritius

*Port Louis Free Port

Asia

Bahrain

*Manama


=Hong Kong, China=

*Hong Kong

Iran

*Qeshm
*Chabahar
*Kish
*PSEEZ
*Arvand

Israel

*Eilat

Japan

*Nagasaki
*Niigata


=Macao, China=

*Macao (Ka-Ho)

Malaysia

*Penang Until 1969

Pakistan

*Gwadar

Philippines

*The former United States Navy base of Subic Bay
*Zamboanga Economic Zone and Freeport
*Clark Air Base and Freeport

Singapore

*Singapore

South Korea

*Incheon
*Busan
*Gwangyang Bay

Taiwan

*Port of Keelung Free Trade Zone
*Port of Taipei Free Trade Zone
*Port of Taichung Free Trade Zone
*Port of Kaohsiung Free Trade Zone
*Taoyuan Air Cargo Park Free Trade Zone

[http://www.taiwanftz.nat.gov.tw/emain.asp Taiwan FTZs]

Turkey

*Mersin

United Arab Emirates

*Fujairah Creative City
*Dubai Internet City
*Dubai Media City
*Dubai Studio City
*International Media and Production Zone
*Dubai Knowledge Village
*Dubai Healthcare City
*Dubai International Financial Center
*DuBiotech
*Dubai Outsource Zone
*Jebel Ali Free Zone
*RAK Media City
*RAK IT Park
*Ras Al Khaimah Free Trade Zone

Europe

Austria

(part of the European Union)
*Linz "(port on river Danube)"
*Vienna "(port on river Danube)"

Belarus

*Brest FEZ
*Grodno FEZ

Croatia

*Rijeka, 1723

Denmark

(part of the European Union)
*Freeport of Copenhagen ("Københavns Frihavn")

Finland

(part of the European Union)
*Free zone of Lappeenranta ("Lappeenrannan Vapaa-alue")
*Freeport of Hanko ("Hangon Vapaasatama")

France

(part of the European Union)
*Free Zone of Verdon - Port de Bordeaux ("Zone franche du Verdon — Port de Bordeaux")

Germany

(part of the European Union)
*Freeport of Hamburg ("Freihafen Hamburg")
*Freeport of Bremen ("Freihafen Bremen")
*Freeport of Bremerhaven ("Freihafen Bremerhaven")
*Freeport of Emden ("Freihafen Emden")
*Freeport of Kiel ("Freihafen Kiel")
*Freeport of Cuxhaven ("Freihafen Cuxhaven")
*Freeport of Deggendorf ("Freihafen Deggendorf")
*Freeport of Duisburg ("Freihafen Duisburg")


=Georgia=

* Ajaria autonomous republic
**Batumi, 1878-1886 (then Russia)

Greece

(part of the European Union)
*Free zone of Piraeus
*Free zone of Thessaloniki
*Free zone of Heraclion

Ireland

(part of the European Union)
*Ringaskiddy Free Port
*Shannon Free Zone

Isle of Man

*Ronaldsway Airport (Ballasala)

Italy

(part of the European Union)
*Livorno, 1675-1860
*Free Zone of Trieste ("Porto franco di Trieste")
*Free Zone of Venice ("Porto franco di Venezia")

Malta

(part of the European Union)
*Malta Freeport [http://www.freeport.com.mt]

Latvia

(part of the European Union)
*Free port of Riga
*Free port of Ventspils

Lithuania

(part of the European Union)
*Free Port of Klaipėda

Portugal

(part of the European Union)
*Free Zone of Madeira - Caniçal ("Zona franca da Madeira - Caniçal")

Russia

*Nakhodka
*Vladivostok, 1861-1909

Spain

(part of the European Union)
*Free zone of Barcelona ("Zona franca de Barcelona")
*Free zone of Cádiz ("Zona franca de Cádiz")
*Free zone of Vigo ("Zona franca de Vigo")
*Free zone of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria ("Zona franca de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria")
*(Ceuta and Melilla are not Free Ports or Free zones because they are parts of Spain, but not part of the European union for customs and excises)

Sweden

(part of the European Union)
*Marstrand, 17th century
*Saint-Barthélemy, 1785-1878

Turkey

*Mersin

Ukraine

*free port and free economic zone Odessa
** 1819-1858
** Trade sea port of Odessa, January 1, 2000 for 25 years

United Kingdom

(part of the European Union)
*Liverpool Free Zone
*Prestwick Airport Free Zone
*Southampton Free Zone
*Tilbury Free Zone
*Port of Sheerness Free Zone
*Humberside Free Zone
*London Docklands


=The Americas=

Argentina

* Zona Franca La Plata

Bermuda

* Free port of Hamilton Harbour, Hamilton, Bermuda

Brazil

*Zona Franca de Manaus

Chile

*Iquique

Dominican Republic

*Mega Port of Punta Caucedo

http://strategis.ic.gc.ca/epic/internet/inimr-ri.nsf/en/gr115831e.htmlhttp://www.port-technology.com/projects/caucedo/

Nicaragua

* Managua [http://www.czf.com.ni/ Zona Franca (Free Port)]

Panama

*Colón

Uruguay

* [http://www.tcu.com.uy/ Carrasco International Airport (Free Port)]
*Zona Franca de Montevideo
*Zona Franca Colonia


=U.S.=

* [http://ia.ita.doc.gov/ftzpage/letters/ftzlist.html US Commerce Department (International Trade Administration): List of U.S. Foreign-Trade Zones]

Venezuela

*Free port of Isla Margarita ("Puerto Libre de Margarita")
*Free zone of the Paraguaná Peninsula ("Zona Franca de la Península de Paraguaná")

ee also

* Duty free
* Entrepôt

External links

* [http://europa.eu.int/eur-lex/pri/en/oj/dat/2002/c_050/c_05020020223en00160018.pdf a list of free ports in the European union] (.pdf-file; English)
* [http://www.zoll.de/b0_zoll_und_steuern/a0_zoelle/j1_freizonen_und_freilager/ The German customs administration about freeports and free zones in Germany] (German)
* [http://www.cbp.gov/xp/cgov/trade/cargo_security/cargo_control/ftz/about_ftz.xml US Customs: About Foreign-Trade Zones & Contact Info]
* [http://ia.ita.doc.gov/ftzpage/index.html US Commerce Department (International Trade Administration): U.S. Foreign-Trade Zones Board]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Free port — Free Free (fr[=e]), a. [Compar. {Freer} ( [ e]r); superl. {Freest} ( [e^]st).] [OE. fre, freo, AS. fre[ o], fr[=i]; akin to D. vrij, OS. & OHG. fr[=i], G. frei, Icel. fr[=i], Sw. & Dan. fri, Goth. freis, and also to Skr. prija beloved, dear, fr.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Free port — Port Port, n. [AS. port, L. portus: cf. F. port. See {Farm}, v., {Ford}, and 1st, 3d, & 4h {Port}.] 1. A place where ships may ride secure from storms; a sheltered inlet, bay, or cove; a harbor; a haven. Used also figuratively. [1913 Webster]… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • free port — ➔ port1 * * * free port UK US noun [C] COMMERCE ► TRANSPORT, TAX a port that charges little or no tax on goods that have been brought there temporarily from a foreign country before being transported to another country: »The UK set up six free… …   Financial and business terms

  • free port — n. 1. a port open equally to ships of all countries 2. a port or zone where goods may be unloaded, stored, and reshipped without payment of customs or duties, if they are not imported: also free zone …   English World dictionary

  • free port — free ports N COUNT A free port is a port or airport where goods can be brought in from foreign countries without payment of duty if they are going to be exported again …   English dictionary

  • free port — free′ port′ n. bus a port or special section of a port where goods may be unloaded, stored, and shipped without payment of customs duties …   From formal English to slang

  • free port — ► NOUN 1) a port open to all traders. 2) a port area where goods in transit are exempt from customs duty …   English terms dictionary

  • free port — n a port or airport in one country where goods from other countries can be brought in and taken out without being taxed …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • free port — noun count a port or airport where no tax is paid on goods that are delivered because they are then going to be sent to other countries …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • free port — noun 1. an area adjoining a port where goods that are intended for reshipment can be received and stored without payment of duties • Syn: ↑free zone • Hypernyms: ↑area, ↑country 2. a port open on equal terms to all commercial vessels • Hypernyms …   Useful english dictionary


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