- Committee of the Whole (United States House of Representatives)
In the United States House of Representatives, the Committee of the Whole, short for Committee of the Whole House on the State of the Union, is a parliamentary device in which the House of Representatives is considered one large congressional committee. The presiding officer is chosen by the Speaker of the House and is normally a member of the majority party who does not hold the chair of a standing committee.
Procedurally, the Committee of the Whole differs from the House of Representatives even though they have identical membership. The Committee of the Whole only requires 100 members for a quorum, while only 25 members are required to force a recorded rather than voice vote. In the version of the Committee of the Whole that existed in the British House of Commons, the original use of this committee was to debate bills privately and prevent a recorded vote from being taken. It is normally invoked to give initial consideration of important legislation, including bills for raising revenue, and serves to expedite the process since debate over amendment occurs under a special five-minute rule. The House and the Committee of the Whole do not operate at the same time; rather, to consider bills, the House must resolve itself into the Committee of the Whole. To dissolve itself, the Committee of the Whole must "rise and report with a recommendation". The Committee of the Whole can recommend amendments to any bill. The House must then approve these amendments before the amendments are added to the final bill.
It allows bills and resolutions to be considered without adhering to all the formal rules of a House session, such as needing a quorum of 218. All measures on the Union Calendar must be considered first by the Committee of the Whole.
Use in the United States Senate
The United States Senate used the Committee of the Whole as a parliamentary device until May 16, 1930, when the practice was abolished with respect to bills and joint resolutions. The Senate continued to utilize the Committee of the Whole for consideration of treaties until February 27, 1986, with the passage of S.Res 28.
- Sinclair, Barbara (1997). Unorthodox Lawmaking: New Legislative Processes in the U.S. Congress. CQ Press. ISBN 1-56802-276-X.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
United States House of Representatives elections, 2006 — 2004 ← November 7, 2006 → 2008 … Wikipedia
United States House of Representatives Page — Program was a program run by the United States House of Representatives, under the office of the Clerk of the House, in which appointed high school juniors acted as non partisan federal employees in the House of Representatives, providing… … Wikipedia
United States House of Representatives Office of Interparliamentary Affairs — The Office of Interparliamentary Affairs is an office of the United States House of Representatives that is responsible for working with parliamentarians, officers, or employees of foreign legislative bodies to organize official visits to the… … Wikipedia
United States House of Representatives Office of Emergency Planning, Preparedness, and Operations — The Office of Emergency Planning, Preparedness and Operations (OEPPO) provides emergency planning and operational support to the United States House of Representatives. The Office was established by 2002 legislation in the aftermath of the… … Wikipedia
United States House of Representatives — Infobox Legislature name = United States House of Representatives coa pic = Seal of the House of Representatives.svg session room = State of the Union.jpg house type = Lower house leader1 type = Speaker leader1 = Nancy Pelosi party1 = (D)… … Wikipedia
United States House of Representatives — Kuppel des Kapitols mit Flagge der USA Das Repräsentantenhaus der Vereinigten Staaten (engl.: United States House of Representatives, oft nur House) ist neben dem Senat eine der beiden Kammern des Kongresses der Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika.… … Deutsch Wikipedia
United States House of Representatives elections in Pennsylvania, 2008 — Elections in Pennsylvania Federal government Presidential election … Wikipedia
Democratic Caucus of the United States House of Representatives — The House Democratic Caucus nominates and elects the Democratic Party leadership in the United States House of Representatives. The group is composed of all Democratic Representatives in the House. In its role as a party conference, the caucus… … Wikipedia
Minority leader of the United States House of Representatives — Democratic Leader Incumbent Nancy Pelosi … Wikipedia
Current members of the United States House of Representatives — Percent of members of the House of Representatives from each party current to January 2011. Region Democrats Republicans Vacant Total States as defined in the US Census New England … Wikipedia