Praxis (process)

Praxis (process)

Praxis is the process by which a theory, lesson, or skill is enacted or practiced.


In Ancient Greek the word "praxis" (πρᾱξις) referred to activity engaged in by free men. Aristotle held that there were three basic activities of man: theoria, poiesis and praxis. There corresponded to these kinds of activity three types of knowledge: theoretical, to which the end goal was truth; poietical, to which the end goal was production; and practical, to which the end goal was action. Aristotle further divided practical knowledge into ethics, economics and politics. He also distinguished between "eupraxia" (good praxis) and "dyspraxia" (bad praxis, misfortune).Fact|date=July 2007


The concept of praxis is important in Marxist thought. In fact, "philosophy of praxis" was the name given to Marxism by 19th century socialist Antonio Labriola. Marx himself stated in his Theses on Feuerbach that "philosophers have only interpreted the world in various ways; the point is to change it." Simply put, Marx felt that philosophy's validity was in how it informed action.

Georg Lukács held that the task of political organization is to establish professional discipline over everyday political praxis, consciously designing the form of mediation best suited to clear interactions between theory and practice. As used by Paulo Freire, "praxis" is a synthesis of theory and practice in which each informs the other. Praxis is also a dominant theme in the political philosophy of Helmut Fleisher. [ [ Helmut Fleisher website] (in German)] .


Praxis is used by educators to describe a recurring passage through a cyclical process of experiential learning, such as the cycle described and popularised by David A. Kolb. [Kolb, D., [ david a. kolb on experiential learning] , "Informal Education Encyclopedia."]

Paulo Freire writes about praxis in his "Pedagogy of the Oppressed".

In the BBC television documentary "New Order: Play At Home", Factory Records owner Tony Wilson describes praxis as "doing something, and then only afterwards, finding out why you did it".


Praxis is also key in meditation and spirituality, where emphasis is placed on gaining first-hand experience of concepts and certain areas, such as union with the Divine, which can only be explored through praxis due to the inability of the finite mind (and its tool, language) to comprehend or express the infinite. In an interview for "YES! Magazine", Matthew Fox explained it this way:

:Wisdom is always taste -- in both Latin and Hebrew, the word for wisdom comes from the word for taste -- so it's something to taste, not something to theorize about. "Taste and see that God is good," the psalm says; and that's wisdom: tasting life. No one can do it for us. The mystical tradition is very much a Sophia tradition. It is about tasting and trusting experience, before institution or dogma. [ [ Holy Impatience: an interview with Matthew Fox] , "YES! Magazine".]

According to Strong's Hebrew dictionary, the Hebrew word, ta‛am, is; properly a taste, that is, (figuratively) perception; by implication intelligence; transitively a mandate: - advice, behaviour, decree, discretion, judgment, reason, taste, understanding.


While praxis usually refers to the process of putting theoretical knowledge into practice, the strategic and organizational usage of the word emphasizes the need for a constant cycle of conceptualizing the meanings of what can be learned from experience in order to reframe strategic and operational models.Fact|date=February 2007

ocial Work

In social work theory, praxis is the reflexive relationship between theories and action. It describes a cyclical process of social work interactions developing new theories and refining old ones, as well as theories directing the delivery of social work interactions.

ee also

*Praxis intervention
*Christian theological praxis


Further reading

*Paulo Freire (1970), "Pedagogy of the Oppressed", Continuum International Publishing Group. ISBN.

External links

* [ Entry for praxis at the Encyclopaedia of Informal Education] .
* [ Praxis intervention article]
* [ General Praxis, arts and education consultancy based in Glasgow]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Praxis — may refer to:* Praxis (process), the process of putting theoretical knowledge into practice * Praxis (Eastern Orthodoxy), the practice of faith, especially worship * Praxis (journal), a journal of philosophy of the University of Manchester *… …   Wikipedia

  • Praxis intervention — is a kind of Participatory Action Research, with a difference. Participatory Action Research and its kinds emphasize on the collective modification of the external world. The Praxis Intervention, on the other hand emphasizes working on the Praxis …   Wikipedia

  • Praxis (band) — Praxis is the name of an ever changing Bill Laswell musical project. Praxis combines elements of different musical genres such as funk, jazz, hip hop and heavy metal into highly improvised music. First appearing in 1992 with the critically… …   Wikipedia

  • Praxis —    The Praxis Series is an Educational Testing Service (ETS) program that provides tests and other services for states to use as part of their teacher certification process. The Praxis Series assessments are also used by colleges and universities …   Glossary of Art Terms

  • Analytic Hierarchy Process — Der Analytic Hierarchy Process bzw. Analytische Hierarchieprozess (AHP) ist eine von dem Mathematiker Thomas L. Saaty entwickelte Methode, um Entscheidungsprozesse zu unterstützen. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Einleitung 2 Definition 3 Kontext …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Business-Process-Management — Prozessmanagement / ˈmænɪdʒmənt/, auch Geschäftsprozessverwaltung oder Business Process Management (BPM) , beschäftigt sich mit dem Herausfinden, Gestalten, Dokumentieren und Verbessern von Geschäftsprozessen. Geschäftsprozessverwaltung… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Business Process Management — Prozessmanagement / ˈmænɪdʒmənt/, auch Geschäftsprozessverwaltung oder Business Process Management (BPM) , beschäftigt sich mit dem Herausfinden, Gestalten, Dokumentieren und Verbessern von Geschäftsprozessen. Geschäftsprozessverwaltung… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • TaKeTiNa Rhythm Process — The TaKeTiNa Rhythm Process, developed by Austrian percussionist Reinhard Flatischler, is a musical, meditative group process for people who want to develop their awareness of rhythm. In a TaKeTiNa process, there are three different rhythmic… …   Wikipedia

  • Hosted Business Process Integration — (cloudbasierte Geschäftsprozessintegration. Abkürzungen: H BPI, xBPI oder cBPI) ist ein Bestandteil des Geschäftsprozessmanagements und umfasst das Integrieren von Anwendungen (EAI), Geschäftspartnern (B2B) und von Endgeräten (SOA) mit Hilfe von… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Due Diligence Process Management — (DDPM) ist ein Prozessmanagement Verfahren zur Prozessoptimierung und dient als Basis für umfassende Veränderungen in Unternehmen. Außerdem ermöglicht das Verfahren eine Unternehmensbewertung nach Aspekten des Prozessmanagements. Folgende… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.