Titus Quinctius Flamininus


Titus Quinctius Flamininus

Titus Quinctius Flamininus (c. 228 BC – 174 BC) was a Roman politician and general instrumental in the Roman conquest of Greece.

Member of the "gens" Quinctia, and brother to Lucius Quinctius Flamininus, he served as a military tribune in the Second Punic war and in 205 BC he was appointed propraetor in Tarentum. He was a curule aedile in Rome in 203 BC and a quaestor in 199 BC. He became consul in 198 BC, despite being only about thirty years old, younger than the constitutional age required to serve in that position. As Livy records, two tribunes, Marcus Fulvius and Manius Curius publicly opposed his candidacy for consulship, as he was just a quaestor, but the Senate overrode the opposition and he was elected along with Sextus Aelius Paulus.

After his election to the consulship he was chosen to replace Publius Sulpicius Galba who was consul with Gaius Aurelius in 200 BC, according to Livy, as general during the Second Macedonian War. He chased Philip V of Macedon out of most of Greece, except for a few fortresses, defeating him at the Battle of the Aous, but as his term as consul was coming to an end he attempted to establish a peace with the Macedonian king. During the negotiations, Flamininus was made proconsul, giving him the authority to continue the war rather than finishing the negotiations. In 197 BC he defeated Philip at the Battle of Cynoscephalae in Thessaly, the Roman legions making the Macedonian phalanx obsolete in the process. Philip was forced to surrender, give up all the Greek cities he had conquered, and pay Rome 1,000 talents, but his kingdom was left intact to serve as a buffer state between Greece and Illyria. This displeased the Achaean League, Rome's allies in Greece, who wanted Macedon to be dismantled completely.

In 198 BC he occupied Anticyra in Phokis and made it his naval yard and his main provisioning port. [Polybius XVIII 28, 45.7, XXVII 14, 16.6.] During the period from 197 to 194 BC, from his seat in Elateia, Flamininus directed the political affairs of the Greek states. In 196 BC Flamininus appeared at the Isthmian Games in Corinth and proclaimed the freedom of the Greek states. He was fluent in Greek and was a great admirer of Greek culture, and the Greeks hailed him as their liberator; they minted coins with his portrait, and in some cities he was deified. According to Livy, this was the act of an unselfish Hellenophile, although it seems more likely that Flamininus understood freedom as liberty for the aristocracy of Greece, who would then become clients of Rome, as opposed to being subjected to Macedonian rule. With his Greek allies, Flamininus plundered Sparta, before returning to Rome in triumph along with thousands of freed slaves, 1200 of which were freed from Achaea, who had been taken captive and sold in Greece during the Second Punic War. cite book |title=Rome and the Mediterranean: Books XXXI-XLV of the History of Rome from its Foundation |last=Livius |first=Titus |coauthors=A. H. McDonald, Henry Bettenson |year=1976 |publisher=Penguin Classics |isbn=978-0140443189

Meanwhile, Eumenes II of Pergamum appealed to Rome for help against the Seleucid king Antiochus III. Flamininus was sent to negotiate with him in 192 BC, and warned him not to interfere with the Greek states. Antiochus did not believe Flamininus had the authority to speak for the Greeks, and promised to leave Greece alone only if the Romans did the same. These negotiations came to nothing and Rome was soon at war with Antiochus. Flamininus was present at the Battle of Thermopylae in 191 BC, in which Antiochus was defeated.

In 189 BC he was elected censor along with Marcus Claudius Marcellus, defeating among others Cato the Elder.

In 183 BC he was sent to negotiate with Prusias I of Bithynia in an attempt to capture Hannibal, who had been exiled there from Carthage, but Hannibal committed suicide to avoid being taken prisoner. Although nothing is known of him after this, Flamininus seems to have died around 174.

Notes

External links

* [http://whitewolf.newcastle.edu.au/words/authors/P/Plutarch/prose/plutachslives/flamininus.html Plutarch's Life of Flamininus]
* [http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?lookup=Liv.+1.1 Livy's History of Rome]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Titus Quinctius Flamininus — (* um 230 v. Chr.; † 174 v. Chr.) war ein römischer Politiker und Feldherr, bekannt vor allem durch seinen Sieg über Makedonien im Zweiten Makedonisch Römischen Krieg. Er gehörte dem Geschlecht der Quinctii Flaminini an und hatte einen um etwa… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Titus Quinctius Flamininus — Titus Quinctius Flamininus, né en 228 av. J. C. 174 av. J. C.) est un homme politique et un général romain. Biographie Titus Quinctius Flamininus sert comme tribun militaire dans la deuxième guerre punique, et en 205 av. J. C …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Фламинин Тит Квинкций Фламинин (Titus Quinctius Flamininus) — (около 226—174 до н. э.), римский полководец. Разбил македонскую армию Филиппа V при Киноскефалах (197), после чего Греция попала в фактическую зависимость от Рима. Поддерживал олигархические порядки в ряде греческих городов …   Большой Энциклопедический словарь

  • Quinctius Flamininus — ist der Name einer römischen Familie, eines Zweigs der patrizischen Gens Quinctia, der das Cognomen Flamininus (ursprünglich „Sohn eines Flamen“, dann erblich geworden) trug. Bekanntester Namensträger ist Titus Quinctius Flamininus, der im… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Flamininus, Titus Quinctius — born с 227 BC died 174 Roman general and consul (198 BC). As consul he tried to formulate a peace treaty with Philip V of Macedonia, but negotiations broke down and fighting broke out. He defeated Philip at Cynoscephalae (197) and granted freedom …   Universalium

  • L. Quinctius Flamininus — Lucius Quinctius Flamininus Lucius Quinctius Flamininus est le frère de Titus Quinctius Flamininus. En 192 av. J. C., il est consul. En 184 av. J. C., il est déposé du Sénat par le censeur Caton l Ancien, pour sa mauvaise conduite lors de son… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lucius Quinctius Flamininus — war ein Politiker der römischen Republik. Er war 201 v. Chr. kurulischer Ädil und 199 Prätor. Ab dem folgenden Jahr war er Legat seines Bruders Titus Quinctius Flamininus, der die römischen Truppen im Kampf gegen Philipp V. von Makedonien… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lucius Quinctius Flamininus — est un homme politique de la République romaine. Il fut en 201 édile curule et 199 préteur. À partir de l année suivante, il fut légat de son frère Titus Quinctius Flamininus, qui commandait les troupes romaines dans la bataille contre Philippe V …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lucius Quinctius Flamininus — Lucius Quinctius Flamininus, the brother of the great Titus Quinctius Flamininus, was a Roman Consul in 192 BC. In 184 BC he was deposed from the Senate by the Censor, Cato the Elder for his bad conduct in his consulship. Flamininus s removal… …   Wikipedia

  • Flamininus — Quinctius Flamininus ist der Name einer römischen Familie, eines Zweigs der patrizischen Gens Quinctia, der das Cognomen Flamininus (ursprünglich „Sohn eines Flamen“, dann erblich geworden) trug. Bekanntester Namensträger ist Titus Quinctius… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.