- Earl of Dunmore
Earl of Dunmore is a title in the Peerage of Scotland. It was created in 1686 for Lord Charles Murray, second son of John Murray, 1st Marquess of Atholl. He was made Lord Murray of Blair, Moulin and Tillimet (or Tullimet) and Viscount of Fincastle at the same time, also in the Peerage of Scotland. He was succeeded by his son, the second Earl. He was a General in the Army and sat in the House of Lords as a Scottish Representative Peer from 1713 to 1715 and from 1727 to 1752. His younger brother, the third Earl, was involved in the Jacobite rising of 1745 and was tried for high treason in 1746. Lord Dunmore pleaded guilty but received a pardon from King George II.
He was succeeded by his son, the fourth Earl. He was a Scottish Representative Peer in the House of Lords from 1761 to 1774 and from 1776 to 1790 and also served as Governor of New York, of Virginia and of the Bahamas. His eldest son, the fifth Earl, briefly represented Liskeard in the House of Commons. In 1831 he was created Baron Dunmore, of Dunmore in the Forest of Athole in the County of Perth, in the Peerage of the United Kingdom, which gave him and his descendants an automatic seat in the House of Lords.
George Murray, 5th Earl of Dunmore, bought the Estate of Harris from Alexander Norman Macleod for £60,000 in 1834. In 1839, the people of South Harris were ejected from their homes by armed soldiers and a posse of Glasgow policemen acting on orders from the government, at the behest of the Earl of Dunmore. The 6th Earl of Dunmore, Alexander Edward Murray, had inherited Harris upon the death of his father on the 11th of November 1836 and would in turn be succeeded by his son, Charles Adolphus, following the 6th Earl’s death on the 14th of July 1845 . Thus the 6th Earl was about halfway through his proprietorship of the island when he was providing a pound per person for those electing to leave.
The seventh Earl of Dumore served as a Lord-in-Waiting (government whip in the House of Lords) in the second Conservative administration of Benjamin Disraeli and was also Lord Lieutenant of Stirlingshire. The 7th Earl relinquished ownership of the North Harris Estate to his bankers, in particular the Scott family. He was succeeded by his son, the eighth Earl. He was a soldier and was awarded the Victoria Cross in 1897. Lord Dunmore later held political office as Captain of the Honourable Corps of Gentlemen-at-Arms (government chief whip in the House of Lords). On the death in 1980 of his grandson, the ninth Earl, the line of the fifth Earl failed and the barony of Dunmore became extinct.
The late Earl was succeeded by his distant relative (his fourth cousin once removed), the tenth Earl. He was the great-great-grandson of the Hon. Alexander Murray, second son on the fourth Earl, and lived in Tasmania, Australia. As of 2010[update] the titles are held by his nephew, the twelfth Earl, who succeeded his father in 1995. He also lives in Australia. As a male-line descendant of the first Marquess of Atholl he is also in remainder to this peerage and its subsidiary titles and by special remainder to the Dukedom , which are now held by his kinsman John Murray, 11th Duke of Atholl.
Earls of Dunmore (1686)
- Charles Murray, 1st Earl of Dunmore (1661–1710)
- James Murray, Viscount Fincastle (1683–1704)
- John Murray, 2nd Earl of Dunmore (1685–1752)
- William Murray, 3rd Earl of Dunmore (1696–1756)
- John Murray, 4th Earl of Dunmore (1730–1809)
- George Murray, 5th Earl of Dunmore (1762–1836)
- Alexander Edward Murray, 6th Earl of Dunmore (1804–1845)
- Charles Adolphus Murray, 7th Earl of Dunmore (1841–1907)
- Alexander Edward Murray, 8th Earl of Dunmore (1871–1962)
- Edward David Murray, Viscount Fincastle (1908–1940)
- John Alexander Murray, 9th Earl of Dunmore (1939–1980)
- Reginald Arthur Murray, 10th Earl of Dunmore (1911–1981)
- Kenneth Randolph Murray, 11th Earl of Dunmore (1913–1995)
- Malcolm Kenneth Murray, 12th Earl of Dunmore (b. 1946)
The heir presumptive is the present holder's brother the Hon. Geoffrey Charles Murray (b. 1949).
- ^ Paul, James Balfour. The Scots Peerage v. 1. pp. 479. http://books.google.com/books?id=_KEKAAAAIAAJ&pg=PA479. Retrieved 2008-12-05.
- Kidd, Charles, Williamson, David (editors). Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage (1990 edition). New York: St Martin's Press, 1990.
- Donald J MacLeod, Woodcroft Avenue, Bridge of Don in The Scotsman, Edinburgh 21 April 2011
- The Caledonian Mercury, 2nd of September, 1841
- Charles Murray, 1st Earl of Dunmore (1661–1710)
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
См. также в других словарях:
Earl of Dunmore — John Murray, 4. Earl of Dunmore Earl of Dunmore ist ein britischer erblicher Adelstitel in der Peerage of Scotland, der von der Familie Murray getragen wird. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 V … Deutsch Wikipedia
John Murray, 4th Earl of Dunmore — (1730 ndash; February 25, 1809), was a British peer and colonial governor. He was the son of William Murray, 3rd Earl of Dunmore, and his wife Catherine (née Murray). He is best remembered as the last Royal Governor of the Colony of Virginia… … Wikipedia
John Murray, 4. Earl of Dunmore — (* 1730; † 25. Februar 1809) war 1770 bis 1771 britischer Gouverneur der Provinz New York und vom 25. September 1771 bis Silvester 1776 der Kolonie Virginia. Er stammte aus der französischen Linie der Stuarts. Seine Eltern waren William Murray, 3 … Deutsch Wikipedia
Charles Murray, 7th Earl of Dunmore — Charlie . Caricature by Spy published in Vanity Fair in 1878. Charles Adolphus Murray, 7th Earl of Dunmore VD (24 March 1841–27 August 1907), styled Viscount Fincastle from birth until 1845, was a Scottish peer and Conservative politician … Wikipedia
George Murray, 5th Earl of Dunmore — (30 April 1762 ndash; 11 November 1836), known as Viscount of Fincastle until 1809, was a Scottish peer.Murray was the eldest son of John Murray, 4th Earl of Dunmore, and Lady Charlotte (née Stewart). He was elected to the House of Commons for… … Wikipedia
Charles Adolphus Murray, 7. Earl of Dunmore — (* 24. März 1841; † 27. August 1907) war ein schottischer Adeliger. Seine Eltern waren Alexander Edward Murray, 6. Earl of Dunmore (1804–1845) und Lady Catherine Herbert. Am 5. April 1866 heiratete er Lady Gertrude Coke. 1892 streifte er bei… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Alexander Murray, 6th Earl of Dunmore — Alexander Edward Murray, 6th Earl of Dunmore (1 June 1804 ndash;15 July 1845) was the son of George Murray, 5th Earl of Dunmore. On 27 September 1836, he married Lady Catherine Herbert, daughter of the 11th Earl of Pembroke. They had three… … Wikipedia
Charles Murray, 1st Earl of Dunmore — For other uses, see Charles Murray. Charles Murray, 1st Earl of Dunmore (1661–1710) was a British peer, previously Lord Charles Murray. The second son of John Murray, 1st Marquess of Atholl, he rose to become a general in the British Army and was … Wikipedia
Malcolm Kenneth Murray, 12th Earl of Dunmore — (born 17 September 1946) is an hereditary peer of the United Kingdom. He is a native born Australian and lives in Tasmania. He has made one speech, both his maiden and final speech, in the House of Lords on 25 November 1998, less than one year … Wikipedia
Alexander Murray, 8th Earl of Dunmore — Alexander Edward Murray, 8th Earl of Dunmore, VC, DSO, MVO, (22 April 1872 ndash;29 January 1962) was a Scottish recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to … Wikipedia