Canadian federal election, 1867

Canadian federal election, 1867

Infobox Election
election_name = Canadian federal election, 1867
country = Canada
type = parliamentary
ongoing = no
previous_election =
previous_year =
previous_mps =
next_election = Canadian federal election, 1872
next_year = 1872
next_mps = 2nd Canadian Parliament
seats_for_election = 180 seats in the 1st Canadian Parliament
election_date = August 7 - September 20, 1867

leader1 = Sir John A. Macdonald
leader_since1 =
party1 = Conservative Party of Canada (historical)
leaders_seat1 = Kingston
last_election1 =
seats1 = 100
(The Liberal-Conservative and Conservative caucuses put together.)
seat_change1 =
popular_vote1 = 62,992 (Conservative)
29,730 (Liberal-Conservative)
percentage1 = 23.45% (Conservative)
11.08% (Liberal-Conservative)
swing1 =

leader2 = George Brown
leader_since2 =
party2 = Liberal Party of Canada
leaders_seat2 = Oxford South
seats2 = 62
seat_change2 =
popular_vote2 = 60,818
percentage2 = 22.67%
swing2 =

map_size = 250px
map_caption =
title = PM
before_election = "New Office"
before_party =
after_election = John A. Macdonald
after_party = Conservative Party of Canada (historical)

The Canadian federal election of 1867, held from August 7 to September 20, was the first election for the new nation of Canada. It was held to elect members of the Canadian House of Commons of the 1st Parliament of Canada.

The Conservative Party of Prime Minister Sir John A. Macdonald won a majority of seats and votes in Ontario and Quebec. (Its candidates ran either as "Conservatives" or "Liberal-Conservatives".) Quebec and Ontario had previously been united as The Province of Canada with Macdonald and George-Étienne Cartier's Liberal-Conservative coalition forming the government.

Officially, the Liberal Party of Canada had no leader, however while George Brown did not hold an official position in the party, he was generally considered the party's leader in the election campaign, and would have likely been Prime Minister in the unlikely event that the Liberals prevailed over Macdonald in the election. As it was, Brown ran concurrently for seats in the Legislative Assembly of Ontario and the Canadian House of Commons and hoped to become Premier of Ontario. However, he failed to win a seat in either body, and the Liberals remained officially leaderless until 1873.

Prior to Confederation, Nova Scotia and New Brunswick did not have formalized Liberal and Conservative parties. Political groups in those two provinces joined one of the two Province of Canada parties. Both provinces had weak Conservative parties. Opponents of the Conservatives joined the Liberal Party, which took the majority of seats and votes in both provinces. In Nova Scotia, opponents of the Conservatives (and of Confederation itself) ran as Anti-Confederates, but later sat with the Liberal Caucus.

Elections held in the previous year in the Provinces of Canada, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia focused on the issue of whether or not to form a confederation.

Voter turn-out: 73.1%

For a list of candidates elected in the 1867 election, and in by-elections prior to 1872, see 1st Canadian parliament.

Election results



1 Liberal-Conservatives sat with the Conservative Party in the House of Commons.2 Anti-Confederates sat with the Liberal Party in the House of Commons.

The following MPs were acclaimed:
*Ontario: 3 Conservative, 3 Liberal-Conservatives, 9 Liberals
*Quebec: 14 Conservatives, 5 Liberal-Conservatives, 4 Liberals
*New Brunswick: 1 Conservative, 3 Liberals
*Nova Scotia: 4 Anti-Confederates

Results by province

ee also

*List of elections in the Province of Canada
*1st Canadian Parliament

External links

* [ Map of electoral districts coloured for each party]

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