- Canadian federal election, 1867
election_name = Canadian federal election, 1867
country = Canada
type = parliamentary
ongoing = no
next_election = Canadian federal election, 1872
next_year = 1872
next_mps = 2nd Canadian Parliament
seats_for_election = 180 seats in the
1st Canadian Parliament
August 7- September 20, 1867
leader1 = Sir
John A. Macdonald
party1 = Conservative Party of Canada (historical)
leaders_seat1 = Kingston
seats1 = 100
(The Liberal-Conservative and Conservative caucuses put together.)
popular_vote1 = 62,992 (Conservative)
percentage1 = 23.45% (Conservative)
leader2 = George Brown
party2 = Liberal Party of Canada
seats2 = 62
popular_vote2 = 60,818
percentage2 = 22.67%
map_size = 250px
title = PM
before_election = "New Office"
John A. Macdonald
after_party = Conservative Party of Canada (historical)
The Canadian federal election of 1867, held from
August 7to September 20, was the first election for the new nation of Canada. It was held to elect members of the Canadian House of Commonsof the 1st Parliament of Canada.
The Conservative Party of Prime Minister Sir
John A. Macdonaldwon a majority of seats and votes in Ontarioand Quebec. (Its candidates ran either as "Conservatives" or "Liberal-Conservatives".) Quebec and Ontario had previously been united as The Province of Canadawith Macdonald and George-Étienne Cartier's Liberal-Conservative coalition forming the government.
Liberal Party of Canadahad no leader, however while George Brown did not hold an official position in the party, he was generally considered the party's leader in the election campaign, and would have likely been Prime Minister in the unlikely event that the Liberals prevailed over Macdonald in the election. As it was, Brown ran concurrently for seats in the Legislative Assembly of Ontarioand the Canadian House of Commonsand hoped to become Premier of Ontario. However, he failed to win a seat in either body, and the Liberals remained officially leaderless until 1873.
Prior to Confederation,
Nova Scotiaand New Brunswickdid not have formalized Liberal and Conservative parties. Political groups in those two provinces joined one of the two Province of Canada parties. Both provinces had weak Conservative parties. Opponents of the Conservatives joined the Liberal Party, which took the majority of seats and votes in both provinces. In Nova Scotia, opponents of the Conservatives (and of Confederation itself) ran as Anti-Confederates, but later sat with the Liberal Caucus.
Elections held in the previous year in the Provinces of Canada, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia focused on the issue of whether or not to form a confederation.
Voter turn-out: 73.1%
For a list of candidates elected in the 1867 election, and in by-elections prior to 1872, see
1st Canadian parliament.
1 Liberal-Conservatives sat with the Conservative Party in the House of Commons.2 Anti-Confederates sat with the Liberal Party in the House of Commons.
The following MPs were acclaimed:
*Ontario: 3 Conservative, 3 Liberal-Conservatives, 9 Liberals
*Quebec: 14 Conservatives, 5 Liberal-Conservatives, 4 Liberals
*New Brunswick: 1 Conservative, 3 Liberals
*Nova Scotia: 4 Anti-Confederates
Results by province
List of elections in the Province of Canada
1st Canadian Parliament
* [http://atlas.gc.ca/site/english/maps/archives/5thedition/peopleandsociety/politicalgeography/mcr4093 Map of electoral districts coloured for each party]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
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