Olenegorsk, Murmansk Oblast

Olenegorsk, Murmansk Oblast
Olenegorsk (English)
Оленегорск (Russian)
-  Town[citation needed]  -
Оленегорск с высоты.jpg
Aerial view of Olenegorsk
Map of Russia - Murmansk Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Murmansk Oblast in Russia
Olenegorsk is located in Murmansk Oblast
Coordinates: 68°09′N 33°17′E / 68.15°N 33.283°E / 68.15; 33.283Coordinates: 68°09′N 33°17′E / 68.15°N 33.283°E / 68.15; 33.283
Coat of Arms of Olenegorsk (Murmansk oblast).png
Coat of arms
Administrative status
Country Russia
Federal subject Murmansk Oblast
Municipal status
Urban okrug Olenegorsk Urban Okrug[citation needed]
Mayor[citation needed] Denis Volodin[citation needed]
Population (2010 Census,
23,079 inhabitants[1]
Population (2002 Census) 25,166 inhabitants[2]
Time zone MSD (UTC+04:00)[3]
Founded 1947[citation needed]
Postal code(s) 184530[4]
Dialing code(s) +7 81552[citation needed]
Official website

Olenegorsk (Russian: Оленего́рск, lit. reindeer mountain) is a town in Murmansk Oblast, Russia, located north of the Arctic Circle, 112 kilometers (70 mi) south of Murmansk. Population: 23,079 (2010 Census preliminary results);[1] 25,166 (2002 Census);[2] 35,584 (1989 Census).[5]



The railway station Olenya (Оле́нья) was opened in 1916, with the construction of the Murman Railway. The station facilities, and the small settlement associated with the station were located to the east of the railroad. Their importance has somewhat increased in the 1930s, as Olenya became a junction for the railway branch to the newly built town of Monchegorsk some 30 kilometers (19 mi) to the southwest.

In 1949, work started on the iron ore strip mines and ore-processing facilities a few kilometers to the west of the Olenya station. At the same time, construction of a company town, originally also named Olenya, started between the rail station and the mines, to the west of the railway. In December 1949, it was granted work settlement status.

By the March 27, 1957 Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR, the work settlement of Olenya was granted the status of a town under district jurisdiction, subordinated to Monchegorsk, and given its present name.[6] The railway station, however, retained the name Olenya and was not renamed Olenegorsk until the 1980s.


All passengers trains on the St. Petersburg–Murmansk railway stop at Olenegorsk. The station also serves the nearby town of Monchegorsk, which itself has next to no passenger service, the Olenya airbase (a.k.a. Vysoky), a more remote Sami village of Lovozero, and the mining town of Revda in Lovozersky District.


The town economy continues to be based on iron ore extraction and processing, mostly shipping enriched ore to Severstal in Cherepovets.



  1. ^ a b Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2011). "Предварительные итоги Всероссийской переписи населения 2010 года (Preliminary results of the 2010 All-Russian Population Census)" (in Russian). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2010). Federal State Statistics Service. http://www.perepis-2010.ru/results_of_the_census/results-inform.php. Retrieved 2011-04-25. 
  2. ^ a b Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2004-05-21). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек (Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000)" (in Russian). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002). Federal State Statistics Service. http://www.perepis2002.ru/ct/doc/1_TOM_01_04.xls. Retrieved 2010-03-23. 
  3. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication).
  4. ^ Local post office info http://www.russianpost.ru/PostOfficeFindInterface/FindOPSByPostOfficeID.aspx?index=184530
  5. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров. (All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers.)" (in Russian). Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989). Demoscope Weekly (website of the Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. 1989. http://demoscope.ru/weekly/ssp/rus89_reg.php. Retrieved 2010-03-23. 
  6. ^ Administrative-Territorial Division of Murmansk Oblast, p. 55


  • Архивный отдел Администрации Мурманской области. Государственный Архив Мурманской области. (1995). Административно-территориальное деление Мурманской области (1920-1993 гг.). Справочник. Мурманск: Мурманское издательско-полиграфическое предприятие "Север". 

External links

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