1783 in science


1783 in science

The year 1783 in science and technology involved some significant events.

Aviation

* June 5 - The Montgolfier brothers send up at Annonay, near Lyon, an 900 m linen bag inflated with hot air. Its flight covered 2 km and lasted 10 minutes, to an estimated altitude of 1600 - 2000 m
* November 21 - the first free flight by humans in a balloon is made by Pilâtre de Rozier and Marquis d'Arlandes who flew aloft for 25 minutes about 100 metres above Paris for a distance of nine kilometres

Chemistry

* Discovery of tungsten - José and Fausto Elhuyar find an acid in wolframite which they reduce with charcoal to isolate tungsten

Awards

* Copley Medal: John Goodricke; Thomas Hutchins

Births

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Deaths

* September - Leonhard Euler, Swiss mathematician and physicist (born 1707).
* October 29 - Jean le Rond d'Alembert, mathematician and physicist (born 1717).


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