- Oksana Baiul
Oksana Baiul Personal information Country represented Ukraine Born November 16, 1977 Height 5'3" (160 cm) Coach Nikolai Morozov Former coach Galina Zmievskaya Retired 1994 Olympic medal record Competitor for Ukraine Figure skating Gold 1994 Lillehammer Ladies' singles
Oksana Serhiyivna Baiul (Ukrainian: Оксана Сергіївна Баюл) (born November 16, 1977) is a Ukrainian professional figure skater. She is the 1994 Olympic Champion in Ladies' Singles and 1993 World Champion.
Early and personal life
Baiul was born in Dnipropetrovsk, Ukrainian SSR, USSR. Her parents divorced when she was two years old, her father disappeared from her life, and she was raised by her mother, Marina. Marina died of ovarian cancer when Oksana was 13; Oksana had already lost her maternal grandparents and believed at the time that she was an orphan and had no other relatives.
Her coach looked after her for a while, but when he emigrated to Canada, she was on her own and sleeping on a cot at her hometown ice rink. She was eventually taken in by Galina Zmievskaya, the top-ranked figure-skating coach in Odessa, sharing a small bedroom in her new mentor's crowded three-room apartment with one of the woman's own daughters. Zmievskaya's pupil and son-in-law, Olympic figure-skating champion Viktor Petrenko, helped cover Baiul's expenses.
She thought she was Russian Orthodox until she discovered her Jewish roots in 2003. Then, following up on an old rumor that she was Jewish, she found her father and he confirmed that the rumor that she was Jewish was true (her maternal Romanian grandmother was Jewish). Her reaction when asked about it in 2005 was: "Being Jewish, that feels good. It feels natural, like a second skin." Engaged to a Jewish man, she said that she was thrilled to discover she would not be intermarrying.
Baiul won the 1993 World Championships in her first senior competitive season at the age of 15. She then won the gold medal at the 1994 Winter Olympics, defeating Nancy Kerrigan of the United States. Baiul had nearly missed competing in the free skate altogether, having been injured after a collision with Tanja Szewczenko of Germany during a warm-up session following the ladies' short program. She required stitches in her leg, and received two Olympic-approved pain-killing injections of anesthetics in her lower back and shoulder which enabled her to perform and complete her free skate.
Despite their status as Olympic champions, Baiul and Viktor Petrenko faced the same difficulties back home in Odessa as their fellow Ukrainians, living in a financially-strapped country where even meat was a luxury and utility outages were a common occurrence. Conditions at their rink in Odessa had deteriorated severely due to the lack of financial support from the government for figure skating since the breakup of the Soviet Union. They had no working ice resurfacer, so coaches and skaters often had to resurface the ice by hand. The conditions influenced her decision to turn professional after the 1994 Winter Olympics, even though she was only 16 years old at the time and had competed in only four major international events (winning the two highest ranked — World Championships and the Olympics – and finishing second in the European Championships in 1993 and 1994). Her coach and surrogate mother, Zmievskaya, negotiated a very profitable contract for her to tour the United States following the Olympics, an opportunity she could only take advantage of as a professional.
Baiul was soon plagued by physical ailments that affected her skating ability. She required arthroscopic knee surgery in the summer of 1994, after which she was advised by her doctor not to return to the ice for two months. Due to the million-dollar touring contract signed by her coach/manager/surrogate mother, Zmievskaya, Baiul ignored doctor's wishes and was skating again in two weeks; she was performing again in six. This move, along with changes in her maturing body, drastically hindered her jumping ability.
Involvement with skating after retirement
In 1994, Baiul and Petrenko were invited to train at the newly-built International Skating Center of Connecticut in the United States, and Zmievskaya was asked to lead the coaching staff there. The entire "family," including Nina, Petrenko's wife and Zmievskaya's daughter, left Ukraine and moved to the United States to start a new life. Since her retirement from amateur skating, Baiul has continued to skate professionally from time to time, including an engagement with the touring show "Broadway on Ice."
In December 2006, Baiul skated at the Red Square ice rink in Moscow alongside famous champions from Russia, China, France and other countries. In February 2007, she collaborated with renowned ballet dancer Saule Rachmedova to bring together Ice Theatre of New York and couture fashion for the debut of innovative fashion designer Levi Okunov's "Winter Collection." The following month, Baiul appeared on MTV's Total Request Live. She was there to promote the new ice skating film Blades of Glory (2007), starring Will Ferrell.
Baiul currently has a role in the skating stage musical, Cold as Ice. The story surrounds six skaters from Canada, Russia, and the United States preparing for their national championships and the Olympics while dealing with demanding coaches, stage mothers, and other trials. The story itself was conceived and written by former skater Frank D'Agostino. A full stage version of Cold As Ice was produced and presented by the Gateway Playhouse in May 2007.
On March 8, 2009, and again on March 14, 2010, Baiul made guest appearances at the Kate Wollman Skating Rink at Prospect Park in Brooklyn, NY, as part of the skating center's annual show. She also took part in meet-and-greet sessions with skating students after each performance.
On Saturday, March 27, 2010, Oksana skated at the One Step Closer HIV AIDS figure skating exhibition. Directed and produced by Tim David, the benefit was for the AIDS Resource Foundation for Children. She performed her signature Swan Lake program and was part of the meet-and-greet after the show. In January 1997, Baiul was arrested for driving under the influence of alcohol after crashing her car into a tree in Connecticut. The charges were eventually dropped after she met the terms of probation and completed an alcohol education program. Baiul is mentioned in the Family Guy episode, "Wasted Talent" (season 2, episode 20), during brewmaster Pawtucket Pat's song about his brewery 
Baiul lived in Richmond, Virginia for several years in the late 1990s before moving to her current residence in Cliffside Park, New Jersey. She ended an engagement to her long-time boyfriend, clothing entrepreneur Gene Sunik, in 2005. She has her own line of clothing and jewelry. In November 2005, Baiul appeared on the Bravo television program Celebrity Poker Showdown. She was also part of the celebrity panel of judges (along with Steve Garvey and Jonny Moseley) on the ABC show Master of Champions, which aired briefly in 2006.
Although Baiul was raised as a Ukrainian Orthodox Christian, her maternal grandmother was a Jew. Partially for this reason, she supports the Tikva Children's Home Charity, which works to aid the Jewish children of Odessa, Ukraine. In addition, Baiul supports and is a member of the International Museum of Women, a world-class cultural and educational institution with the mission to celebrate the lives of women around the world.
Event 1989–90 1990–91 1991–92 1992–93 1993–94 Winter Olympic Games 1st World Championships 1st European Championships 2nd 2nd Ukrainian Championships 1st 1st Soviet Championships 12th 10th Skate America 1st Nations Cup 4th 2nd
- ^ "Oksana Baiul Biography and Olympic Results | Olympics". Sports-reference.com. November 16, 1977. http://www.sports-reference.com/olympics/athletes/ba/oksana-baiul-1.html. Retrieved January 4, 2011.
- ^ a b c d e f "NJJN – Oksana Baiul, figure skating champion, embraces Jewish roots". Njjewishnews.com. http://njjewishnews.com/njjn.com/2005/060905/mwbaiul.html. Retrieved February 7, 2011.
- ^ Oksana Baiul. "Growing Roots". International Museum of Women. http://18.104.22.168/pb/Story.aspx?id=53&lang=1&g=0. Retrieved March 7, 2008.
- ^ Sports Illustrated, February 7, 1994: Volume 80, Issue 5, p. 78 "Window on the World: Having Triumphed Over Tragedy, Oksana Baiul Eyes the Games"
- ^ Philip Hersh (March 17, 2004). "Golden feeling returns". Chicago Tribune. http://articles.chicagotribune.com/2004-03-17/sports/0403170334_1_oksana-baiul-parental-guidance-nancy-kerrigan/2. Retrieved October 21, 2009.
- ^ "Interview with Oksana Baiul from Sport.com.ua by Lubomir Lukanjuk". figureskatingmystery.com. http://www.figureskatingmystery.com/2007/12/bauil-birthday.html#BAUIL%20BIRTHDAY. Retrieved December 4, 2007.
- ^ Rabinovitz, Jonathan (February 2, 1997). "When Olympic Champions Moved In, They Put Simsbury on the World Map". Simsbury (Conn): New York Times. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9B0CE3D9133DF931A35751C0A961958260&sec=&spon=&pagewanted=all. Retrieved January 4, 2011.
- ^ ".". Lifeskate.com. June 22, 2008. http://www.lifeskate.com/skate/2008/06/oksana-baiul-at.html. Retrieved January 4, 2011.
- ^ ".". Brownstoner.com. March 6, 2009. http://www.brownstoner.com/brownstoner/archives/2009/03/weekend_events_57.php. Retrieved January 4, 2011.
- ^ "One Step Closer HIV-AIDS benefit". Onestepclosernyc.org. http://www.onestepclosernyc.org/. Retrieved January 4, 2011.
- ^ Longman, Jere (October 16, 1998). "Striving for Recovery from Grip of Alcohol". New York Times. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9C0CE5DB103AF935A25753C1A96E958260. Retrieved January 4, 2011.
- ^ "Oksana Baiul Biography". Rotten Tomatoes. November 16, 1977. http://www.rottentomatoes.com/celebrity/oksana_baiul/biography.php. Retrieved January 4, 2011.
- ^ Lipson, Karin. "For Oksana Baiul, a Role Close to Life", The New York Times, May 13, 2007. Accessed March 22, 2011. "Ms. Baiul, now 29 and living in Cliffside Park, N.J., was “competing” only in her starring role as Maya Propova, one of six fictional skaters jockeying for medals in “Cold as Ice,” a new musical about the sacrifices and rivalries of the sport."
- ^ "Oksana Baiul, figure skating champion, embraces Jewish roots". Njjewishnews.com. http://www.njjewishnews.com/njjn.com/2005/060905/mwbaiul.html. Retrieved January 4, 2011.
- Baiul, Oksana. (1997). Oksana: My Own Story. Random House Books. ISBN 0-679-88382-7.
- Baiul, Oksana. (1997). Secrets of Skating. Universe / Rizzoli. ISBN 0-7893-0104-0.
- OksanaStyle.com Official Website
- Golden Skate – Interview
- View Zone – Interview
- "Oksana’s New Spin; Gold medal figure skater now embracing her recently discovered Jewish roots, with the help of an ex-chasidic fashion designer," 2/16/07
- The documentary film "Oksana Baiul. The edge of the possible" (Rus-ukr)
Olympic champions in figure skating – Ladies' singles
1908: Madge Syers • 1920: Magda Julin • 1924: Herma Szabo • 1928: Sonja Henie • 1932: Sonja Henie • 1936: Sonja Henie • 1948: Barbara Ann Scott • 1952: Jeannette Altwegg • 1956: Tenley Albright • 1960: Carol Heiss • 1964: Sjoukje Dijkstra • 1968: Peggy Fleming • 1972: Beatrix Schuba • 1976: Dorothy Hamill • 1980: Anett Pötzsch • 1984: Katarina Witt • 1988: Katarina Witt • 1992: Kristi Yamaguchi • 1994: Oksana Baiul • 1998: Tara Lipinski • 2002: Sarah Hughes • 2006: Shizuka Arakawa • 2010: Kim Yu-Na
Ukrainian champions in figure skating – Ladies' singles
1993-1994: Oksana Baiul • 1995: Yulia Lavrenchuk • 1996: Elena Liashenko • 1997-1998: Yulia Lavrenchuk • 1999: Elena Liashenko • 2000: Galina Efremenko • 2001: Elena Liashenko • 2002: Galina Efremenko • 2003: Elena Liashenko • 2004: Galina Efremenko • 2005-2006: Elena Liashenko • 2007-2008: Eleonora Vinnichenko • 2009: Irina Movchan • 2010: Natalia Popova
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