- Bill Lee (left-handed pitcher)
Infobox MLB retired
birthdate=birth date and age|1946|12|28
Boston Red Sox
Boston Red Sox(by|1969-by|1979) Montreal Expos(by|1979-by|1982)
* Member of the by|1973
American LeagueAll-Star Team
* Won 17 games each year from by|1973-by|1975
William Francis Lee III (born
December 28, 1946), (nicknamed "Spaceman"), is an American athlete and retired Major League Baseball pitcher. He played for the Boston Red Soxfrom by|1969-by|1978 and the Montreal Exposfrom by|1979-by|1982.
On February 25, 2008 the Red Sox organization announced that Bill Lee will be inducted into the Red Sox Hall of Fame on November 7, 2008. Lee will be inducted as record-holder for most games pitched by a left-hander (321) in team history and the third-highest win total (94) by a southpaw. On June 21, 2008, Lee was the starting pitcher for the Alaska Goldpanners of Fairbanks for the 103rd Midnight Sun Game... an event he last pitched in 1967 (losing to the Japan Amateur National Champion Kumagai-Gumi on seven unearned runs).
Lee is known for his adherence to the
counterculturebehavior, his antics both on and off the field, and his use of the Leephus pitch, a personalized variation of the eephus pitch.cite web| title = Bill Lee Shrine of Eternals | work = www.baseballreliquary.org | url=http://www.baseballreliquary.org/lee.htm | accessdate = 2006-11-11 ]
Lee has written four books: "The Wrong Stuff"; "Have Glove, Will Travel"; "The Little Red (Sox) Book: A Revisionist Red Sox History"; and "Baseball Eccentrics: the Most Entertaining, Outrageous, and Unforgettable Characters in the Game". In by|2006, the
documentary film[http://www.spacemanincuba.com "Spaceman in Cuba"] featured Lee.
Although Lee was born in
Burbank, California, he was raised in Canoga Park and later in San Rafael.Fact|date=February 2007. He was born into a family with a number of former professional baseballplayers. His grandfather William Lee was an infielderfor the Hollywood Starsof the Pacific Coast Leagueand his aunt Annabelle Lee was a pitcher in the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League. She was the first to throw a no-hitter and a perfect game in the AAGPBL. He graduated from Terra Linda High Schoolin by|1964.Lee attended the University of Southern Californiafrom 1964-by|1968 where he played for Rod Dedeaux. Lee was drafted by the Boston Red Sox in the 22nd round of the 1968 Major League amateur draft.
Major league career
Rather than rely on the use of a
fastball, Lee developed as a finesse pitcher. He threw a variety of off-speed pitches, including a variation of the Eephus pitch. The Leephus pitch or Space Ball, the names for Lee's take on the eephus pitch, follows a high arcing trajectoryand is very slow.
Lee was used almost exclusively as a
relief pitcherduring the first four years of his career. During that period, Lee appeared in 125 games, started just nine of them, and compiled a 19-11 record.
In by|1973, Lee was used primarily as a
starting pitcher. He started 33 of the 38 games in which he appeared and went 17-11 with a 2.95 Earned Run Average. He was rewarded for his strong performance with a nomination to the American LeagueAll-Star team. He followed 1973 with two more 17-win seasons.
Lee started two games in the
1975 World Seriesagainst the Cincinnati Reds. His first start came in Game Two of the series. Lee let up just one run in eight innings; however, the Reds scored two runs off of Dick Dragoin the top of the ninth inning and subsequently won the game 3-2.
In Game Seven, Lee shut out the Reds for five innings and the Red Sox took a 3-0 lead. After getting the Reds'
Tony Perezout twice with an Eephus pitch, sixth inning, the Reds' Perez hit an Eephus pitch over the Green Monster, the left field wall at Fenway Park, for a two-run home run. Shortly thereafter, Lee left with a blister.cite web| title = Bill Lee Biography | work = www.baseballlibrary.com/ | url=http://www.baseballlibrary.com/baseballlibrary/ballplayers/L/Lee_Bill107.stm | accessdate = 2006-11-11 ] The Red Sox lost the game by a score of 4-3, and the 1975 World Series four games to three.
Lee separated his left shoulder during a brawl that occurred between the Red Sox and the
New York Yankeeson May 20, by|1976, after Yankee Lou Piniellaran over Red Sox catcher Carlton Fiskin a play at home plate. Lee initially blamed the injury on Yankee third baseman Graig Nettles. However, after he had a chance to see the fight on video tape, Lee apologized to Nettles. Subsequently, he blamed Yankee manager Billy Martinfor encouraging the Yankees players to be confrontational.
During the 1978 season, Lee and Red Sox manager
Don Zimmerengaged in an ongoing public feud over the handling of the pitching staff. Lee's countercultural beliefs (detailed below) and free spirit also clashed with Zimmer's old-school, conservative personality. Lee and a few other of the more free-spirited Red Sox formed what they called "The Buffalo Heads" as a response to what they considered the overbearing nature of Zimmer (whom Lee nicknamed "the Designated Gerbil"). Zimmer retaliated during the season by relegating Lee to the bullpen and convincing management to trade away some of the other "Buffalo Heads", such as Hall of Famer Fergie Jenkinsand Bernie Carbo. And though, as a starting pitcher, Lee had owned a 12-5 career record against the New York Yankees, Zimmer refused to start him against the Yankees during a crucial late-season series. Although they had led their rivals by more than 14 games in mid-July, the Red Sox lost the division to the Yankees by one game.
Lee was traded at the end of the year to the
Montreal Exposfor Stan Papi, a utility infielder. Referring to the previous season's collapse, Lee bid farewell to Boston by saying, "Who wants to be with a team that will go down in history alongside the ‘64 Phillies and the ‘67 Arabs?" Lee pitched well for the Expos in 1979, winning 16 games -- while his former team, the Red Sox, slumped, mostly for lack of starting pitching. Lee's career ended in 1982, when he was released by the Expos after staging a one-game walkout as a protest over Montreal's decision to release second baseman and friend [http://www.baseball-reference.com/s/scottro01.shtml Rodney Scott] .
Reputation and controversy
Lee's personality earned him popularity as well as the nickname "Spaceman". His intelligence, articulate conversational style, humorous voice, and outspoken manner meant his views were frequently recorded in the press. He spoke in defense of Maoist China (once visiting, only to lampoon it endlessly), population control,
Greenpeace, school busing in Boston and anything else that happened to cross his mind. He berated an umpire for a controversial call in the 1975 World Series, threatening to bite off his ear and encouraging the American people to write letters demanding the game be replayed. He ate health food and practiced yoga. He claimed his marijuana use made him impervious to bus fumes while jogging to work at Fenway Park. He sang Warren Zevonsongs at times, and in an act of mutual admiration, Zevon recorded a song entitled "Bill Lee" on his album " Bad Luck Streak in Dancing School". In a college town like Boston, his views were shared by many youths, and they quickly became Lee's biggest fans.
Despite his views on off-the-field matters, Lee was respected by fellow players, who believed his cajoling of the press took pressure off the team, and his attitude on the field was pure business. He was intensely competitive, and worked quickly, which always endears a pitcher to his teammates.
But Lee would often speak out on matters concerning the team and was not afraid to criticize management, causing him to be dropped from both the Red Sox and Expos.
Lee countered his offbeat politics with a strong sense of the game. He is an avowed purist and traditionalist, speaking out against the
designated hitter, AstroTurfand polyesteruniforms, while conversely extolling the virtues of day games and Sunday doubleheaders.
After the Expos released Lee, he played for a number of
semi-professionalteams. This included his time playing for and managing in the short-lived Senior League in Florida, largely composed of retired major leaguers. In 1988, he ran for President of the United Stateson the Canadian Political Rhinoceros Party ticket, but failed to appear on the ballot in any state. His slogan for the election was "No guns. No butter. Both can kill."
He still lives on a
farmin Vermont(located roughly half-way between Boston and Montreal) and played baseball around New Englandwith the "Grey Sox", a semi-pro nine made up for former Red Sox players. In addition, Lee appears every Monday on the Loren and Wally morning show at WRORfrom roughly 7:45am to 7:55am (EST) and with Mitch Melnickon the Team 990in Montrealevery afternoon during baseball season. Last October he appeared in the Magazine "High Times" and was interviewed by the marijuana-based publication.
His farm is in Craftsbury, Vermont, and he visits his widowed father in Terra Linda, California. Always the child, he likes to go play catch at the old high school and swim in the municipal pool. He prides himself on saying he lives his life in a series of "small untruths".
Specifically in 2007, Lee has played former major league players Dennis 'Oil Can' Boyd,
Marquis Grissom, Delino DeShieldsand Ken Ryanon the Oil Can Boyd's Traveling All-Stars. The team was assembled by Boyd to "promote the heritage of the great Negro Leaguestyle of baseball and the tradition of barnstorming", as well as to "serve as an inspiration to young African-Americanbaseball players as the number of African-American players in Major League baseball continues to decline". [cite web |url=http://www.nashuapride.com/news/fullstory.php?id=855 |title=DENNIS “OIL CAN” BOYD AND BILL LEE TO PITCH AT HISTORIC HOLMAN STADIUM
date=2007-05-07 |publisher=Nashua Pride Press Release |accessdate=2007-05-10] [cite web |url=http://www.brocktonrox.com/news/?id=7509 |title=OIL CAN AND TRUPIANO ARE BACK - WAAAAY BACK!
date=2007-05-07 |publisher=Brockton Rox Press Release |accessdate=2007-05-10]
On June 21/22, 2008, Lee, at the age of 61, pitched six-plus innings for the Alaska Goldpanners in their 10-6 win over the Southern California Running Birds in Fairbanks, Alaska. It was during the annual "Midnight Sun" ball game played at night on or about the Summer Solstice, when it never really gets dark. The Fairbanks Daily News-Miner article is here: http://newsminer.com/news/2008/jun/28/spacemans-midnight-sun-game-was-one-ages/.
paceman: A Baseball Odyssey
In 2003, filmmakers
Brett Rapkinand Josh Dixonjoined Lee on a barnstorming trip to Cuba. During this trip, Rapkin and Dixon gathered footage for the documentary film "Spaceman: A Baseball Odyssey." The film premiered at the 2006 SILVERDOCS AFI/ Discovery ChannelDocumentary Festival and later achieved high ratings on the New England Sports Network. It currently distributed across North Americaby Hart Sharp Video.
2008 Midnight Sun Game win
On June 21, 2008, Bill Lee returned to the mound as the starting pitcher for the
Alaska Goldpannersin the 103rd Midnight Sun Game. In six innings, he struck out three and gave up four earned runs en route to a 10-6 victory over the Southern California Running Birds.
He is the author of four books. Two written with Richard Lally, and two with Jim Prime:
* Lee, Bill and Dick Lally (1984). "The wrong stuff", New York: Viking Press. ISBN 0670767247
* Lee, Bill and Jim Prime (2003). "The Little Red (Sox) Book: A Revisionist Red Sox History", Chicago: Triumph Books. ISBN 1572435275
* Lee, Bill and Richard Lally (2005). "Have glove, will travel: adventures of a baseball vagabond", New York: Crown Publishers. ISBN 1400054079
* Lee, Bill and Jim Prime (2007). "Baseball eccentrics: the most entertaining, outrageous, and unforgettable characters in the game", Chicago: Triumph Books. ISBN 157243953X
Montreal Expos all-time roster
* [http://www.chriscomerradio.com/bill_lee/bill_lee_archives.htm chriscomerradio.com] Various Bill Lee interviews
* [http://spacemanincuba.com/ spacemanincuba.com] Homepage for Bill Lee Documentary
* [http://www.theoldbat.com/index.htm] The Old Bat Company - Bill Lee's Bat Company.
* [http://www.goldpanners.com/Scrapbook/l/lee-bill_66-67.htm] - Bill Lee' Alaska Goldpanners Scrapbook
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