Fonio husking machine


Fonio husking machine

A Fonio husking machine was invented by Sanoussi Diakité, a Senegalese mechanical engineer. Diakité was awarded the Rolex Award in 1996 for the invention. [cite web
url=http://rolexawards.com/en/the-laureates/sanoussidiakite-home.jsp
title=Easy to grow, hard to prepare
publisher=Rolex Awards
accessdate=2008-10-08
A photo gallery of the fonio husking machine.
] Fonio is a staple crop in western Africa. Because the fonio grains are so small, it is difficult to remove the brittle outer shell. "For hundreds of years, African women have carried out the painstaking task of preparing fonio by pounding and threshing a grain and sand mixture with a pestle and mortar. After one hour of this tedious work, only two kilograms of fonio are available for consumption and fifteen liters of water are needed to remove the sand." [cite web
url=http://rolexawards.com/en/the-laureates/sanoussidiakite-home.jsp
title=A machine to prepare African cereals
publisher=Rolex Awards
accessdate=2008-10-08
] The Whole process has been reduced from a 1 hour job to a 6 minute job.

Diakité's solution was a 50kg device that gently abrades the surface of the seed before passing through a rotating mechanism, which removes the husks.

This device is an example of appropriate technology, because of its ability to solve a significant problem in developing countries and the ease with which it can be manufactured.

ee also

*Malian peanut sheller

References


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Fonio — Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae (unranked) …   Wikipedia

  • Appropriate technology — (AT) is technology that is designed with special consideration to the environmental, ethical, cultural, social and economical aspects of the community it is intended for. With these goals in mind, AT typically requires fewer resources, is easier… …   Wikipedia