- House of Holstein-Gottorp (Swedish line)
The House of Holstein-Gottorp, a cadet branch of the Oldenburg dynasty, ruled
Swedenfrom 1751until 1818, and Norwayfrom 1814to 1818.
1743Adolf Frederick of Holstein-Gottorpwas elected crown prince of Sweden as a Swedish concession to Russia, a strategy for achieving an acceptable peace after the disastrous war of the same year. He became King of Sweden in 1751.
Gustav III of Sweden, Adolf Frederick's eldest son, was enthusiastic about the fact that through his great-great-grandmother their dynasty descended from the royal House of Vasa. He expressed wishes that their house be known as Vasa, as the new Royal House of Vasa and the continuation of the original. There was no effective way to force this change. Historians have not agreed with Gustav's desires, and the house is always referred to as Holstein-Gottorp.
1809Gustav III's son King Gustav IV Adolf was deposed following the loss of Finland, and the dynasty disappeared from Swedish history with the death of his uncle King Charles XIII in 1818. In 1810, Jean Baptiste Bernadotte, a Marshal of France, was elected crown prince, and became the founder of the next and current Swedish dynasty, the House of Bernadotte.
1836Gustav, the son of the deposed Gustav IV Adolf, was created Prince of Vasa in Austria(written Wasa). However, the use of that name ceased when the prince's only surviving child, his daughter Carola died without children.
The marriage of the future King
Gustaf Vto Princess Victoria of Badenin 1881united the reigning House of Bernadottewith the House of Holstein-Gottorp since Victoria was a great-granddaughter of the deposed Gustav IV Adolf.
Kings of Sweden
King of Norway
1814- 1818: Charles II
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