- Propylene glycol dinitrate
Name = Propylene glycol dinitrate
ImageFile = PGDN.png
IUPACName = propylene dinitrate
OtherNames = propane-1,2-diyl dinitrate;
Section1 = Chembox Identifiers
CASNo = 6423-43-4
SMILES = O= [N+] ( [O-] )OCC(C)CO [N+] (=O) [O-]
Section2 = Chembox Properties
Formula = C3H6N2O6
MolarMass = 180.12 g/mol
Density = 1.368 g/cm³ (at 20 °C)
MeltingPt = -45 °C
BoilingPt = Decomposes at 121 °C, below boiling point
Propylene glycol dinitrate (PGDN, 1,2-propylene glycol dinitrate, or 1,2-propanediol dinitrate) is an
organic chemical, an esterof nitric acidand propylene glycol. It is structurally similar to nitroglycerin, except that it has one fewer -O-NO2 group. It is a characteristically and unpleasantly smellingFact|date=September 2007 colorless liquid, which decomposes at 121 °C, below its boiling point. It is flammableand explosive. It is shock-sensitive.
The principal current use of propylene glycol dinitrate is as a propellant in
Otto Fuel II, together with 2-nitrodiphenylamine and dibutyl sebacate. Otto Fuel II is used in some torpedoes as a propellant. Nitrates of polyhydric alcohols, of which propylene glycol dinitrate is an example, have been used in medicinefor the treatment of angina pectoris, and as explosives since the mid-nineteenth century.
blood pressure, causes respiratorytoxicity, damages liverand kidneys, distorts vision, causes methoglobinuria, and can cause headacheand lack of coordination. It may be absorbed through skin. Its primary toxicity mechanism is methemoglobinemia. It may cause permanent nerve damage. One of the byproducts of its burning is a highly toxic cyanidegas.
* [http://webbook.nist.gov/cgi/cbook.cgi?ID=C628966 WebBook page for propylene dinitrate]
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