- Berkeley Castle
It was constructed from 1154 A.D., on the orders of Henry II, with the aim of defending the Bristol - Gloucester Road, the Severn estuary and the Welsh border. It continues to belong to the
Berkeley family, descendants of Robert Fitzharding, who completed the keep around 1189.
Edward II of Englandwas held in the castle for 5 months from April to September, before being murdered September 21st 1327 there by unknown means, although popular stories of a red hot poker or suffocation persist and the murderers were charged with suffocating the King. The cell where he is supposed to have been imprisoned and murdered can still be seen, along with the adjacent 28' deep dungeon. The castle has remained within the same family since its construction, with most areas now open to the public, the private apartments occupy about 15% of the building and the rest is managed by the Berkeley Castle Charitable Trust. It is the oldest continuously-occupied castle in Englandafter the royal fortreses of The Tower of London and Windsor and the oldest to be continuously owned and occupied by the same family. (need source)
In the 14th century, the Great Hall was given a new roof and it is here the last Court Jester in England died after falling from the Minstrel's Gallery. Adjoining the Great Hall is one of two of the original chapels, that includes painted wooden vaulted ceilings and one of the first examples of a
biblicalpassage (from the Book of Revelation), written in the language of those who read it - Norman French, it is the earliest attempt to translate the Bible into a common language. This room also contains an illustrated vellumbook of plainsongthat was used in Catholicrites, before the family converted to Protestantismin the 16th century. In the 20th century, the 8th Earl Randallrepaired and remodelled parts of the castle and added a new porch in the same gothic style as the rest of the building. One change included an Art Nouveautake on a Medieval bedroom.
The castle is surrounded by beautiful Elizabethan terraced gardens, including Elizabeth I's bowling green and a pine that is reputed to have been grown from a cutting taken from a tree at the Battle of Culloden in 1746.
During the English Civil War, the castle still held sufficient significance for it to be captured in 1645 by Colonel
Thomas Rainsborough, for the Parliamentarian side and after a siege which saw cannon being fired at point blank range from the adjacent church roof the Royal garrison surrendered. As was usual, the walls were left breached after this siege but the Berkeley family were allowed to retain ownership on condition that they never repaired the damage to the Keep and Outer Bailey, still enforced today by the original Act of Parliament drawn up at the time; according to Pevsner, the breach is partially filled by a subsequent 'modern' rebuild, but this only amounts to a low garden wall, to stop people falling 28' from the Keep Garden, the original Castle's "motte".
Two ships of the
Royal Navyhave been named "Berkeley Castle" after the castle and a Great Western locomotive.
The Berkeley family divide their time between the Castle and their other home, Spetchley Park, just outside Worcester, which has been in the family's ownership since 1606.
A [http://www.berkeley-castle.com/donate.html Restoration Appeal] was launched in 2006 to raise £5.5 million needed to renovate and restore the Norman building. The Charitable Trust running the Castle is relatively small.
The castle was used for many scenes for the hit BBC children's television series
The Ghost Hunterand the first televised version of The Other Boleyn Girl.
* [http://www.berkeley-castle.com/ Official Berkeley Castle website]
* [http://www.berkeley-castle.com/history.html Berkeley Castle history 1]
* [http://www.britannia.com/history/castles/berkeley.html Berkeley Castle history 2]
* [http://www.flickr.com/search/?q=Berkeley%20Castle&w=all Flickr images tagged Berkeley Castle]
* [http://www.soglos.com/art-culture/attraction/26160/Berkeley-Castle-review Berkeley Castle review and photo gallery]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
HMS Berkeley Castle — Two ships of the British Royal Navy have been named HMS Berkeley Castle after Berkeley Castle in the town of Berkeley, Gloucestershire.* Berkeley Castle was a 48 gun wooden warship captured by the French Navy on 25 October 1695. * Berkeley Castle … Wikipedia
HMS Berkeley Castle (K387) — was a Castle class corvette of the United Kingdom s Royal Navy. She was named after Berkeley Castle in Gloucestershire.She was laid down at the Barclay, Curle Co. Ltd. shipyard in Glasgow on 23 March 1943 and launched five months later on 19… … Wikipedia
Berkeley — may refer to: People * The Berkeley family of England ** Lord Berkeley (disambiguation page) ** Baron Berkeley ** Berkeley Baronets * Anthony Berkeley , a pseudonym of Anthony Berkeley Cox, writer * Busby Berkeley, film choreographer * Edmund… … Wikipedia
Berkeley  — Berkeley (Berkley, spr. börklì), 1) George, engl. Philosoph, geb. 12. März 1684 zu Kilkrin in Irland, gest. 23. Jan. 1753 in Oxford, studierte seit 1699 in Dublin, ward 1707 Fellow des Trinity College daselbst, 1721 Hofprediger des Statthalters… … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Berkeley, Gloucestershire — infobox UK place country = England official name= Berkeley latitude= 51.69066 longitude= 2.455033 population= shire district= Stroud shire county= Gloucestershire region= South West England constituency westminster= Tewkesbury post town=… … Wikipedia
Berkeley — I Berkeley [ bəːklɪ], 1) Stadt in Kalifornien, USA, an der Ostküste der San Francisco Bay, 104 900 Einwohner; University of California (gegründet 1868) u. a. Bildungs und Forschungsstätten; University Art Museum (gegründet 1971); … Universal-Lexikon
Berkeley Square — This article refers to a town square in London. For other meanings of Berkeley or Berkeley Square, see Berkeley (disambiguation). Berkeley Square in 1830 … Wikipedia
Castle class corvette — The Castle class corvettes were an updated version of the much more numerous Flower class corvettes of the Royal Navy, and started appearing during late 1943. They were equipped with radar as well as asdic.The Admiralty had decided to cease… … Wikipedia
Berkeley family — The Berkeley family has an unbroken male line of descent from a Saxon ancestor before the Norman conquest of England in 1066 to the present day. The family reputedly descends from Harding, the son of Eadnoth the Staller (Alnod), a high official… … Wikipedia
Berkeley (Gloucestershire) — 51.690833333333 2.4566666666667 Koordinaten: 51° 41′ N, 2° 27′ W … Deutsch Wikipedia