Strathclyde ("Srath Chluaidh" in Gaelic, meaning "valley of the River Clyde") is a
historic subdivision of Scotland, and was one of the regional council areas of Scotlandfrom 1975to 1996.
Strathclyde Region was named after the ancient
Dumnonii Kingdom of Strathclyde, which broadly covered the northern end of the same area (with the significant exceptions of Argylland the islands of Bute and Arran.1. The original 'kingdom' included modern Dumfries and Gallowayand part of Cumbria).
It was the region with the largest land area in the country, with a population in excess of 2.9 million and an area stretching from the Highlands to the Southern Uplands. The politics of the region were by and large dominated by the Labour Party. The first convener was the Rev
Geoff Shaw, who died in 1978. The regional and administrative capital as well as the largest citywas Glasgow, the rest of the Region comprised the former counties of Ayr, Argyll(with the exception of the far north of the county), Bute, Dunbarton, Lanark and Renfrew.
The system of regions and districts (replacing the former county and burgh councils) were created by the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973 and entered into effect in May 1975.
ub-regions and Districts
There were 19 districts within Strathclyde Region which lay within 6 'sub-regions' or 'divisions' which corresponded to the counties they replaced:
Glasgow Undergroundand Clyde Muirshiel Regional Park.] ArgyllSub-region (also known as "Argyll and Bute")"'
Argyll(also known as "Argyll and Bute") AyrSub-region
Cumnock and Doon Valley
Kilmarnock and Loudoun
Kyle and Carrick DumbartonSub-region
Bearsden and Milngavie
Cumbernauld and Kilsyth
The modern unitary authorities in the former Strathclyde Region
The regional tier of government was abolished in
1996and its responsibilities merged with the District Councils to create unitary authorities (of which there are 32 in Scotland). The following Unitary Authorities cover parts of the former Strathclyde Region:
Argyll and Bute
City of Glasgow
Some local services which used to be run by the regional council are now run jointly by its successor authorities. These include the
Strathclyde Partnership for TransportAuthority, the Strathclyde Police Force, and the Strathclyde Fire Brigade.
* Note 1: Strathclyde was a Brythonic kingdom, while
Argyllwas the heartland of the Gaelic kingdom of Dál Riatahaving been taken over, probably from Picts. Bute and Arran were Brythonic until appropriated by Dál Riata, then by Scandinavians. See Scottish people.
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Strathclyde — [strath klīd′] former administrative region of SW Scotland, on the Firth of Clyde … English World dictionary
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