- Yuri of Goguryeo
Infobox Korean name
hangul=유리왕 "or" 유리명왕
hanja=瑠璃王 "or" 瑠璃明王
rr=Yuri-wang "or" Yurimyeong-wang "or" Yuria
mr=Yuri-wang "or" Yurimyŏng-wang
hangulborn=해유리 "or" 유류 "or" 누리
hanjaborn=解類利 "or" 儒留 "or" 累利
rrborn=Hae Yuri "or" Yuryu "or" Nuri
mrborn=Hae Yuri "or" Yuryu "or" Nuri King Yuri (? - 18 CE, r. 19 BCE - 18 CE) was the second ruler of
Goguryeo, the northernmost of the Three Kingdoms of Korea. He was the eldest son of the kingdom's founder King Dongmyeongseong. As with many other early Korean rulers, the events of his life are known largely from the " Samguk Sagi".
Yuri was the son of
Jumong, the founder of Goguryeo.Yuri was raised where his father grew up by his mother. Yuri's mother, Lady Ye (Soya), and Yuri went to Goguryeo in 19 BCE, to go see his father.
King Jumong proclaimed Yuri to be the Crown Prince of Goguryeo. Onjo and
Biryu(the sons of Soseono) became insecure. Soseono took her sons and traveled south to found the kingdom of Baekje, and the latter died at Michuhol. Yuri became King upon Jumong's death later.
Yuri is described as a powerful and militarily successful king. He conquered a
Xiongnutribe in 9 BCE. In 3 BCE, Yuri moved the capital from Jolbon Fortress to Gungnae Fortress.
Goguryeo's neighbor, the
Han dynastyof China, was overthrown by Wang Mang, who established the Xin Dynasty. Wang Mang sent a messenger to Goguryeo to ask for troops to assist in a conquest of the Xiongnuduring 12 CE, the 31st year of his reign. Yuri rejected the request and instead attacked Xin.
He had five sons and among them were Hae-Myung, and Muhyul. Hae-Myung was proclaimed the crown prince of Goguryeo after the death of Dojul, who was King Yuri's eldest son, but Yuri found him to be too reckless and disobedient. Yuri replaced him with the younger son Muhyul in 14 CE, his son with the daughter of
Songyang. Muhyul ruled later as King Daemusin of Goguryeo.
A poem Yuri is said to have written for his favored concubine Chihui has survived to this day. It is titled "
Hwangjoga" (황조가/黃鳥歌), meaning "Song of the Yellow Bird."
King Yuri died in 18 CE, after ruling for 37 years. He was succeeded by his oldest remaining son, Muhyul, who became King Daemusin.
Theories regarding King Yuri
Son of Jumong Theory
The traditional view of Yuri places him as the son of
Jumongand Lady Ye. A traditional explanation to the different surnames of father and son is, Jumong's original surname was "Hae", but he changed it to "Go" when he established Goguryeo. Jumong's changing of his surname is mentioned in Samguk Sagiand Samguk Yusa.
In recent studies, some historians have made a series of observations regarding Goguryeo's establishment that led them to think of the possibility that Hae Yuri may not have been the son of Go Jumong, but an usurper. The observations that led to this conclusion were Jumong's early death, the difference in surnames, Yuri's harsh behavior toward some of Jumong's most prized subjects, and the differences in the styles of rule. Jumong died at the age of 40, which is quite early compared to that of some of his successors and predecessors. Also, the capital of Goguryeo is changed during the reign of Yuri. This could have been caused by constant rebellion by supporters of Jumong. Also, Goguryeo under Yuri does not display the strict expansionist policy that it displayed during the reign of Jumong. A final observation is the mentioning of a broken sword in the legend. Some historians have inferred that Yuri finding a piece of Jumong's broken sword and using it as a claim signifies the collapse of Jumong's regime, and Yuri's rise to the throne. Overall, the fact that Jumong died five months after the arrival of Yuri caused the suspicion of these select historians. However, this is merely a theory and no assumptions can be made.Fact|date2007|date=December 2007
List of Korea-related topics
History of Korea
Three Kingdoms of Korea
List of Korean monarchs
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Yuri — may refer to:People* Yuri of Goguryeo (d. 18 CE), early King of Goguryeo, an area in Korea * Yuri of Silla (d. 57 CE), early King of Silla, an area in Korea * Yuri Dolgoruki (1099 1157), Grand Prince of Kiev * Yuri Andropov (1914 1984), Soviet… … Wikipedia
King Dongmyeong of Goguryeo — Jumong or Chumong redirects here. For the historical drama, see Jumong (TV series). Statue of King Dongmyeong at the Tomb of King Dongmyeong in Pyeongyang … Wikipedia
Daemusin of Goguryeo — Hangul 대무신왕, 대해주류왕 Hanja 大武神王, 大解朱留王 Revised Romanization … Wikipedia
Mobon of Goguryeo — Hangul 모본왕 Hanja 慕本王 Revised Romanization … Wikipedia
Minjung of Goguryeo — Hangul 민중왕 Hanja 閔中王 Revised Romanization … Wikipedia
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Herrscher von Goguryeo — Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Go Joseon (2333–108 v. Chr.) 2 Buyeo (239 v. Chr.–494 n. Chr.) 2.1 Bukbuyeo (108–58 v. Chr.) 2.2 Dongbuyeo (86–22 v. Chr.) 3 Gaya (42–562 … Deutsch Wikipedia
Liste der Herrscher von Goguryeo — Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Go Joseon (2333–108 v. Chr.) 2 Buyeo (239 v. Chr.–494 n. Chr.) 2.1 Bukbuyeo (108–58 v. Chr.) 2.2 Dongbuyeo (86–22 v. Chr.) 3 Gaya (42–562 … Deutsch Wikipedia
Dongcheon of Goguryeo — Hangul 동천왕 or 동양왕 Hanja 東川王 or 東襄王 Revised Romanization … Wikipedia
Micheon of Goguryeo — Hangul 미천왕 or 호양왕 Hanja 美川王, 好壤王 Revised Romanization … Wikipedia