1385


1385

Year 1385 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Events

* August 14 - Battle of Aljubarrota: John of Aviz defeats John I of Castile in the decisive battle of the 1383-1385 Crisis. John of Aviz is crowned King John I of Portugal, ending Queen Beatrice's rule, and Portugal's independence from Castile is secured.
* August 14 - The Union of Krewo establishes the Jagiellonian dynasty in Poland and Lithuania through the proposed marriage of Queen Jadwiga of Poland and Grand Duke Jagiello of Lithuania, and sees the acceptance of Roman Catholicism by the Lithuanian elite.
* 18 September - Battle of Savra: Serbian forces under Balša II and Ivaniš Mrnjavčević are defeated by Ottoman commander Hayreddin Pasha near Berat.
* October 15 - The Battle of Valverde is fought between the armies of Portugal and Castile.
* The marriage of Charles VI of France and Isabella of Bavaria-Straubing is celebrated with France's first court ball.
* A group of Hungarian nobels help Charles III of Naples to overthrow Queen Mary as ruler of Hungary and Croatia.
* Scotland resists a small invasion force from England.
* Tokhtamysh of the Golden Horde conquers parts the Jalayirid Empire in western Persia, causing a rift between himself and Timur of the Timurid Empire, who had also wanted to conquer Persia.
* Olav IV of Norway is elected as King of Sweden, in opposition to the unpopular King Albert.
*Construction of:
**Castello Estense in Ferrara (present-day Italy)
**Bodiam Castle (East Sussex, England)

Births

*June 23 - Stefan, Count Palatine of Simmern-Zweibrücken (d. 1459)
*"date unknown"
**Jan van Eyck, Flemish painter (approximate date; d. 1441)
**John FitzAlan, 13th Earl of Arundel (d. 1421)
**John I of Alençon (d. 1415)
**Margaret Beaufort, Countess of Somerset (d. 1429)

Deaths

*June 28 - Andronikos IV Palaiologos, co-ruler of the Byzantine Empire
*August 7 - Joan of Kent, Dowager Princess of Wales, widow of Edward, the Black Prince (b. 1328)
*September 18 - Balša II, ruler of Zeta
*October 15 - Dionysius I, Metropolitan of Moscow
*December 19 - Bernabò Visconti, Lord of Milan (b. 1319)
*"date unknown" - Xu Da, Chinese military leader (b. 1332)


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