- U.S. Route 20A (New York)
Map of New York with US 20A highlighted in red
Route information Auxiliary route of US 20 Maintained by NYSDOT Length: 83.59 mi (134.53 km) Existed: ca. 1939 – present Major junctions West end: US 20 in Hamburg US 219 in Orchard Park
NY 400 in East Aurora
NY 19 in Warsaw
I-390 near Geneseo
East end: US 20 / NY 5 / NY 64 in East Bloomfield Location Counties: Erie, Wyoming, Livingston, Ontario Highway system ← US 20 NY 20C →
U.S. Route 20A (US 20A) is an east–west alternate route of US 20 that extends for 83.59 miles (134.53 km) across the western portion of New York in the United States. It leaves US 20 in Hamburg, a suburb of Buffalo, and rejoins it in East Bloomfield about five miles (8 km) west of Canandaigua, the county seat of Ontario County. The western terminus is situated just northeast of the intersection of US 20 and US 62 and west of Ralph Wilson Stadium. At its east end, US 20A also meets New York State Route 5 (NY 5) and NY 64. Most of the route is known as Big Tree Road; outside Ralph Wilson Stadium, the highway is known as the Timothy J. Russert Highway in memory of Buffalo native Tim Russert.
While the main line of US 20 takes a direct path between Hamburg, Buffalo, and East Bloomfield via Avon, US 20A veers to the south to serve several villages and hamlets, including the villages of Geneseo and Warsaw. The town of Attica, famous for the Attica Prison riots of 1971, lies between US 20 and US 20A. As the route heads east, US 20A connects to several north–south freeways, such as NY 400 outside of East Aurora and Interstate 390 (I-390) between Geneseo and Lakeville. Outside of the communities that dot the highway, US 20A is a two-lane, rural highway.
The highway carried several designations prior to becoming US 20A ca. 1939. In the mid-1920s, the section of modern US 20A from East Aurora to Lakeville was part of New York State Route 35. US 20 was first signed in New York in 1927, occupying the piece of NY 35 between East Aurora and Geneseo and all of what is now US 20A west of East Aurora upon assignment. It was altered to also use the Geneseo–Lakeville section of former NY 35 in the early 1930s. At the time, the section of current US 20A between US 20 and Bristol was designated as New York State Route 254. US 20 was realigned onto its current alignment between Hamburg and Avon ca. 1938, and US 20A was assigned to US 20's former routing west of Lakeville and all of NY 254 by the following year.
US 20A separates from US 20 just northeast of an intersection locally known as "Seven Corners" in the town of Hamburg. The route heads east through the Buffalo suburbs on Big Tree Road, entering the town of Orchard Park and passing south of the southern campus of the Erie Community College. At Abbott Road, US 20A becomes the "Timothy J. Russert Highway", named for Buffalo native Tim Russert. The route continues on, passing south of Ralph Wilson Stadium before changing back to Big Tree Road at California Road. Not far to the east, US 20 meets US 219 (the Southern Expressway) at an interchange. Past US 219, the route enters the village of Orchard Park, becoming Quaker Street and intersecting the concurrent routes of NY 240 and NY 277 in the center of the community.
Outside of the village, US 20A becomes Quaker Road, passing through slightly less developed areas as it progresses eastward. Midway between Orchard Park village and East Aurora, US 20A intersects the southern terminus of NY 187 (Transit Road) at the Orchard Park – Aurora town line. Transit Road, however, continues south for one mile (1.6 km) as County Route 553 (CR 553). Farther east, US 20A runs south of Cazenovia Creek for two miles (3 km) across open terrain prior to crossing the creek and entering the densely populated village of East Aurora.
The route enters East Aurora on Hamburg Street, running parallel to a branch of Cazenovia Creek for a half-mile (0.8 km) to Buffalo Street. Here, US 20A meets the overlapping routes of NY 16 and NY 78 at a traffic circle in the village's primary business district. The three routes come together, becoming Main Street and passing by the Fillmore House as it proceeds through the center of the village. At Olean Street, one mile (1.6 km) east of the circle in East Aurora's central business district, NY 16 turns right, continuing south toward Pennsylvania. US 20A and NY 78 remain concurrent as they exit the village and meet NY 400 (the Aurora Expressway) on the eastern edge.
East Aurora to Warsaw
East of NY 400, US 20A and NY 78 become Big Tree Road once more as the highway leaves the Buffalo suburbs and passes through the rural eastern portion of Erie County. Near the Wales hamlet of Wales Center, NY 78 departs US 20A on Strykersville Road, ending the four mile (6 km) overlap. In Wales Center itself, US 20A intersects Four Rod Road, once designated as NY 358 and now part of CR 356. Past the hamlet, US 20A deviates from its linear east–west alignment, swerving to the south on a newer routing of Big Tree Road before reuniting with its original routing 1 mile (1.6 km) to the east. 2 miles (3.2 km) ahead, US 20A exits Erie County and enters the equally rural Wyoming County town of Sheldon.
In Sheldon, US 20A intersects NY 77 near Sheldon Center and NY 98 in Varysburg, forming a concurrency with the latter into the adjacent town of Orangeville. Upon crossing the town line, the two routes split, with NY 98 proceeding southwest to Java. US 20A continues southeast from NY 98 on a linear alignment, intersecting the southern terminus of NY 238 at Halls Corner, a small hamlet located near the Orangeville–Warsaw town line. Shortly after passing NY 238, US 20A makes a turn to the east as it enters Warsaw. Roughly 1.5 miles (2.4 km) from the town line, US 20A descends into the Oatka Valley, a large ravine containing Oatka Creek and the entirety of the village of Warsaw. Now named Buffalo Street, US 20A heads east–west across the village, intersecting NY 19, one of two state routes to directly connect Lake Ontario with the Pennsylvania state line, at the center of Warsaw.
Past the NY 19 junction, US 20A continues east along Buffalo Street to the eastern edge of the village and the valley, where the route turns a full 90 degrees to the north to climb the side of the Oatka Valley. The route ascends approximately 300 feet (91 m), passing under the Rochester and Southern Railroad (RSR)—which runs along the foot of the gorge—before exiting the valley and returning to an east–west alignment as it heads toward Perry and points east. All oversize trucks are prohibited from using the section of US 20A between NY 19 and Minor Road at the top of the valley due to the steep grade of the hill and the sharp curve at the bottom.
Warsaw to Geneseo
Outside of the Oatka Valley, US 20A heads east through the remainder of the town of Warsaw prior to entering the town of Perry. The route serves Perry–Warsaw Airport on its way to Perry Center, a small hamlet situated directly north of the village of Perry, where US 20A intersects NY 246. The portion of US 20A in Perry is otherwise uneventful, and the route quietly passes into the Livingston County town of Leicester 2.5 miles (4.0 km) later. After another 1 mile (1.6 km) of rural surroundings, US 20A meets NY 39 at a junction approximately 1.5 miles (2.4 km) southwest of the village of Leicester. The two routes converge, following Leicester Road northeast to the village, where the highway's name shifts to Main Street upon entering the village limits.
East of a grade crossing with the Genesee and Wyoming Railroad subdivision of the RSR, US 20A and NY 39 connect to NY 36 at York Road. NY 36 briefly overlaps with US 20A and NY 39 for one block before heading to the south via Mount Morris Road at the village center. US 20A and NY 39 continue on, leaving Leicester on as Cuylerville Road, named for the community located directly northeast of Leicester. The routes pass in and out of Cuylerville and head eastward into a wide valley, crossing Beards Creek and the Genesee River. At the eastern bank of the latter, the highway crosses into the town of Geneseo.
On the other side of the Genesee River, US 20A and NY 39 rise in elevation once more as they head to the northeast, climbing the eastern edge of the gully to meet NY 63 at the valley's eastern edge. After a brief concurrency with US 20A and NY 39, NY 63 splits off to the west, running alongside the western edge of the nearby SUNY Geneseo campus. In contrast, US 20A and NY 39 form a portion of the eastern edge of the campus between NY 63 and Mary Jemison Drive in the village of Geneseo. At the latter intersection, US 20A and NY 39 turn east onto South Street. After just one block, the US 20A / NY 39 overlap comes to an end as NY 39 follows Main Street north out of Geneseo toward Avon.
US 20A continues east through Geneseo before taking on a more northeasterly alignment outside of the village. At this point, the highway becomes Lakeville Road for the Conesus Lake community to the northeast. The route proceeds across open terrain to the western outskirts of Lakeville, where US 20A connects to I-390 at exit 8. Past the expressway, US 20A continues on a northeast alignment—albeit more eastern than northern—as it intersects NY 256 and enters both the town of Livonia and the hamlet of Lakeville.
As Big Tree Road once more, US 20A acts as the major east–west thoroughfare for Lakeville, connecting the hamlet to I-390 in the west to the village of Livonia to the east. In the center of Lakeville, US 20A intersects the north–south NY 15. The two routes converge on Big Tree Road, following the roadway around the northern tip of Conesus Lake and southeastward through the rural landscape between Lakeville and Livonia. In Livonia, Big Tree Road continues to the southeast as Big Tree Street; however, US 20A and NY 15 leave Big Tree Road to follow Main Street instead. NY 15 remains on US 20A for one more block to the center of Livonia, at which point it continues southward on Commercial Street toward Conesus while US 20A heads east on Main Street and out of the village as Richmond Mills Road.
For the next 2.5 miles (4.0 km), US 20A loosely parallels Big Tree Road, located about 1 mile (1.6 km) to the south. At a rural junction known as Bosley Corner, US 20A merges with the north–south NY 15A and follows NY 15A south toward the hamlet of Hemlock. While concurrent with NY 15A, US 20A crosses Big Tree Road at the midpoint of the concurrency. The two routes proceed through Hemlock before splitting south of the community. Here, US 20A breaks from NY 15A and continues east on Honeoye Road into the Ontario County town of Richmond.
About 2.5 miles (4.0 km) into the sparsely developed town, US 20A reconnects to Big Tree Road at Curtis Corner. The route, however, becomes Main Street for the hamlet of Honeoye a short distance to the east. US 20A runs east–west through the small yet highly developed community, crossing Honeoye Creek and passing north of Honeoye Lake. It leaves the hamlet soon after, turning to the northeast and traversing a series of small hills as it passes into the town of Bristol as Honeoye Road once again. Roughly 4 miles (6 km) from the town line, US 20A intersects NY 64 in the Bristol Valley. US 20A turns north onto NY 64, following the state route out of the valley and into the town of East Bloomfield, where US 20A ends 4 miles (6 km) later at an intersection with US 20 and NY 5. The section of US 20A that overlaps NY 64 is signed north–south, matching NY 64's direction. NY 64 continues west from the junction on Routes 5 and 20.
Origins and designation
In 1908, the New York State Legislature established a statewide legislative route system that initially consisted of 37 unsigned routes. The portion of what is now US 20A between Four Rod Road in Wales and NY 98 in Sheldon was included in Route 19, a highway that extended from Buffalo to Batavia. Two smaller segments of modern US 20A—the sections concurrent to NY 16 in East Aurora and NY 64 in Ontario County—became part of Route 17 and Route 14, respectively. When the first set of posted routes in New York were assigned in 1924, the entirety of legislative Route 17 was designated as part of NY 16 while the portion of modern US 20A between Lakeville and Livonia became part of NY 4. By 1926, the section of what is now US 20A between NY 16 in East Aurora and NY 4 in Lakeville was designated as part of NY 35, which initially continued northwest to Buffalo by way of an overlap with NY 16 and followed NY 4 north from Lakeville to NY 5 in East Avon.
NY 35 was largely replaced by US 20 when U.S. Highways were first signed in New York in 1927. At the time, US 20 entered the Buffalo area on modern NY 5 and followed Big Tree Road and current US 20A east to East Aurora, where it overlapped NY 16 to reach the former routing of NY 35. From there, it continued east over former NY 35 to Geneseo before proceeding to Avon on modern NY 39. Meanwhile, NY 4 was renumbered to NY 2 to eliminate numerical duplication with the new US 4 in the Capital District. The portion of former NY 35 between Geneseo and Lakeville went unnumbered until the 1930 renumbering of state highways in New York when it became the westernmost portion of NY 254, an east–west highway that initially extended eastward along modern US 20A and CR 32 to a junction with NY 21 west of Canandaigua. NY 254 was truncated westward to NY 64 in Bristol by the following year.
Ca. 1931, US 20 was realigned between Geneseo and East Avon to follow NY 254 east to Lakeville, where it turned north to follow NY 2 to East Avon. NY 254 was truncated to the east end of its former overlap with NY 2 in Livonia as a result while US 20's former routing between Geneseo and Avon became NY 20D. US 20 was altered again ca. 1938 to follow its modern alignment between Hamburg and East Avon. Its former routing between Hamburg and Geneseo became part of the new NY 20A, which also continued north to Avon over NY 20D. The remainder of US 20's old routing between Geneseo and Lakeville became part of a reextended NY 254. US 20A was established by the following year, replacing NY 20A west of Geneseo and NY 254 from Geneseo to Bristol. The new highway also followed NY 64 northward to East Bloomfield in order to rejoin US 20 in the hamlet of South Bloomfield. NY 254 was reassigned to the Geneseo–Avon portion of NY 20A; however, it was supplanted by an extended NY 39 ca. 1940.
On the morning of March 12, 1994, a large section of the roof in the southern end of the Retsof Salt Mine collapsed. The collapsed portion of the mine was located near the hamlet of Cuylerville, located on US 20A just south of the mine. One day before the collapse, warning signs were erected at the bridge carrying US 20A over nearby Beards Creek due to the presence of bumps in the pavement along the bridge approaches. Over the next few weeks, two large sinkholes opened on the surface above the mine, one of them located just south of the US 20A bridge over Beards Creek. This sinkhole led to the collapse of a small area of US 20A east of the creek and the closure and, ultimately, collapse of the bridge over the creek. As a result, a detour was installed between Leicester and Geneseo. No construction was done on the area for a number of years while a court battle was fought over whether Retsof should reimburse the New York State Department of Transportation to fix the road. The road and new bridge were fixed and reopened in the late 1990s.
On June 18, 2008, a bill seeking to rename the part of US 20A from Abbott Road to California Road as the "Timothy J. Russert Highway" was introduced in the United States Senate. The bill, sponsored by Senators Chuck Schumer and Hillary Rodham Clinton along with Representative Brian Higgins, was passed by both the House and the Senate and was signed into law by President George W. Bush on July 23, 2008. The designation is in memory of Buffalo native Tim Russert, the long-time host of NBC's Meet the Press who died on June 13, 2008.
County Location Mile Destinations Notes Erie Town of Hamburg 0.00 US 20 Town of Orchard Park 2.40 US 219 Village of Orchard Park 3.53 NY 240 / NY 277 Orchard Park – Aurora town line 5.99 NY 187 Southern terminus of NY 187 East Aurora 9.68 NY 16 north / NY 78 north Western terminus of US 20A / NY 16 and US 20A / NY 78 overlaps 10.74 NY 16 south Eastern terminus of US 20A / NY 16 overlap Aurora 11.49 NY 400 north No access to NY 400 south; no access from NY 400 north to US 20A / NY 78 Wales 13.73 NY 78 south Eastern terminus of US 20A / NY 78 overlap Wyoming Sheldon 22.09 NY 77 26.43 NY 98 north Hamlet of Varysburg; western terminus of US 20A / NY 98 overlap Orangeville 27.04 NY 98 south Eastern terminus of US 20A / NY 98 overlap 32.72 NY 238 Southern terminus of NY 238 Village of Warsaw 35.98 NY 19 Town of Perry 42.80 NY 246 Trucks over 9 tons are not allowed to enter the village of Warsaw from this direction Livingston Town of Leicester 46.75 NY 39 west Western terminus of US 20A / NY 39 overlap Village of Leicester 49.04 NY 36 north Western terminus of US 20A / NY 36 overlap 49.18 NY 36 south Eastern terminus of US 20A / NY 36 overlap Town of Geneseo 52.92 NY 63 south Southern terminus of US 20A / NY 63 overlap 53.23 NY 63 north (Genesee Street) Northern terminus of US 20A / NY 63 overlap; no access to US 20A / NY 39 east from NY 63 south Village of Geneseo 53.83 To NY 63 (Mary Jemison Drive) Access to US 20A / NY 39 east from NY 63 south; no access from US 20A / NY 39 east 53.93 NY 39 east Eastern terminus of US 20A / NY 39 overlap Town of Geneseo 58.81 I-390 Exit 8 (I-390) 60.04 NY 256 Town of Livonia 60.57 NY 15 north Western terminus of US 20A / NY 15 overlap Village of Livonia 62.76 NY 15 south Eastern terminus of US 20A / NY 15 overlap Town of Livonia 65.76 NY 15A north Northern terminus of US 20A / NY 15A overlap 67.81 NY 15A south Southern terminus of US 20A / NY 15A overlap Ontario Bristol 79.83 NY 64 south Southern terminus of US 20A / NY 64 overlap East Bloomfield 83.59 US 20 / NY 5 / NY 64 north Northern terminus of US 20A / NY 64 overlap 1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi
- ^ a b Esso (1938). New York Road Map for 1938 (Map). Cartography by General Drafting.
- ^ a b c Standard Oil Company (1939). New York (Map). Cartography by General Drafting.
- ^ a b "2008 Traffic Volume Report for New York State" (PDF). New York State Department of Transportation. June 16, 2009. pp. 65–66. https://www.nysdot.gov/divisions/engineering/technical-services/hds-respository/NYSDOT%20TVR%202008%20by%20Route.pdf. Retrieved January 31, 2010.
- ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Yahoo! Inc. Yahoo! Maps – overview map of US 20A (Map). Cartography by NAVTEQ. http://maps.yahoo.com/#mvt=h&lat=42.829064&lon=-78.046084&zoom=11&q1=42.77001%2C-78.811295&q2=42.767718%2C-78.685274&q3=42.740287%2C-78.13334&q4=42.788885%2C-77.509737&q5=42.88254%2C-77.390947. Retrieved December 1, 2010.
- ^ a b c S. 3145, 110th Congress, 2nd Session.
- ^ Exxon (1977). New York (Map). Cartography by General Drafting (1977–78 ed.).
- ^ United States Geological Survey (1976). Warsaw Quadrangle – New York – Wyoming Co. (Map). 1:24,000. 7.5 Minute Series (Topographic). http://www.nysgis.state.ny.us/gisdata/quads/drg24/usgspreview/index.cfm?code=o42078f2. Retrieved December 1, 2010.
- ^ "Construction and Other Restrictions Report – Sorted by Route" (PDF). New York State Department of Transportation. November 29, 2010. https://www.nysdot.gov/nypermits/repository/WeeklyRestrictionReportByRoute.PDF. Retrieved December 1, 2010.
- ^ State of New York Department of Highways (1909). The Highway Law. Albany, New York: J. B. Lyon Company. pp. 53–65. http://books.google.com/books?id=jZ0AAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA53. Retrieved April 13, 2010.
- ^ New York State Department of Highways (1920). Report of the State Commissioner of Highways. Albany, New York: J. B. Lyon Company. pp. 522, 526, 528. http://books.google.com/books?id=Sj4CAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA522. Retrieved April 13, 2010.
- ^ "New York's Main Highways Designated by Numbers". The New York Times: p. XX9. December 21, 1924.
- ^ State of New York Department of Public Works (1926). Official Map Showing State Highways and other important roads (Map). Cartography by Rand McNally and Company.
- ^ Automobile Blue Book. 1 (1927 ed.). Chicago: Automobile Blue Book, Inc. 1927. This edition shows U.S. Routes as they were first officially signed in 1927.
- ^ Standard Oil Company of New York (1929). New York in Soconyland (Map). Cartography by General Drafting.
- ^ a b Standard Oil Company of New York (1930). Road Map of New York (Map). Cartography by General Drafting.
- ^ Automobile Legal Association (ALA) Automobile Green Book, 1930–31 and 1931–32 editions, (Scarborough Motor Guide Co., Boston, 1930 and 1931). The 1930–31 edition shows New York state routes prior to the 1930 renumbering
- ^ a b Kendall Refining Company (1931). New York (Map). Cartography by H.M. Gousha Company.
- ^ Standard Oil Company (1937). New York (Map). Cartography by General Drafting.
- ^ Gulf Oil Company (1940). New York Info-Map (Map). Cartography by Rand McNally and Company.
- ^ Revkin, Andrew C. (December 10, 1995). "Wanted: A New Salt Mine; One-Industry Town Presses for State Aid". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/1995/12/10/nyregion/wanted-a-new-salt-mine-one-industry-town-presses-for-state-aid.html?pagewanted=all. Retrieved April 13, 2010.
- ^ Galloway, Devin; Jones, David R.; Ingebritsen, S.E., eds (1999). "The Retsof Salt Mine Collapse". Land subsidence in the United States. United States Geological Survey. ISBN 0607926961. http://pubs.usgs.gov/circ/circ1182/pdf/14Retsof.pdf. Retrieved April 13, 2010.
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