Earl of Erroll


Earl of Erroll
Earldom of Erroll
Arms of the Earl of Errol
Creation date 1453
Created by James II of Scotland
Peerage Peerage of Scotland
First holder William Hay, 1st Earl of Erroll
Present holder Merlin Hay, 24th Earl of Erroll
Heir apparent Harry Thomas William Hay, Lord Hay
Remainder to heirs general of the body of the grantee
Subsidiary titles Lord Hay, Lord Slains, Baron Kilmarnock (1831-1941)


The Earl of Erroll is an ancient title in the Peerage of Scotland. It was created in 1453 for Sir William Hay.

The subsidiary titles held by the Earl of Erroll are Lord Hay (created 1449) and Lord Slains (1452), both in the Peerage of Scotland. The Earls of Erroll also hold the hereditary office of Lord High Constable of Scotland. The office was once associated with great power. The Earls of Erroll hold the hereditary title of Chief of Clan Hay.

The Earl of Erroll is one of four peers entitled to appoint a private pursuivant, with the title "Slains".

The current Earl of Erroll is Merlin Hay, the 24th Earl of Erroll.

Earl of Erroll is also the name of a Scottish National Dance, danced today at Highland Games around the world.

Contents

Regrant of the Earl of Erroll

A regrant was one of the peculiarities in the Scottish law of Peerage, that a party might, by a resignation to the Crown, and a charter following upon such resignation, obtain power to nominate the heirs to succeed him in his honours and dignities. Some of the highest of the Scottish peerages are held under such nominations.[1] The 11th Earl of Erroll, Gilbert, on the 13th November 1666, obtained a regrant of his honours. This regrant had special power to nominate his heirs. This nomination was made in 1674 with Gilbert appointing his cousin Sir John Hay of Keillour and his heir male, failing which, appointing Sir John Hay of Keillour's heir female, and failing which, appointing certain Hays of Tweeddale. The 11th Earl of Erroll having died in 1674 without issue, Sir John Hay of Keillour became 12th Earl of Erroll. On his death in 1704, his son, Charles became the 13th Earl of Erroll. Charles died unmarried in 1717, when the title devolved on his sister, Mary. The 14th Countess of Erroll died in 1758 without issue. Mary's sister Margaret had previously died at Rome in 1723, however she had married James, 5th Earl of Linlithgow, 4th Earl of Callendar, and had issue, and it is from her that the present Earl of Erroll is descended.[2][3]

This regrant was questioned in the House of Lords in 1797. The then Earl of Lauderdale had questioned George, the 16th Earl of Erroll's right to vote at an election of the peers of Scotland. One of the objections made to the title was that the title of Earl of Erroll was claimed through a nomination. It was decided in 1748 in the case of the earldom of Stair that this power of nomination could not be validly exercised after the Union. The House of Lords, after a full inquiry, decided in favour of the 16th Earl of Erroll's right to the title. That the Earl of Erroll holds the honours of his house undoubtedly and without dispute, is clear from the decision of the House of Lords.[4]

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
8th Earl of Erroll
d. 1585
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
9th Earl of Erroll
d. 1631
 
George Hay
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
10th Earl of Erroll
d. 1636
 
Sir Andrew Hay
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
11th Earl of Erroll
d. 1674 (no issue)
obtained regrant
 
Sir John Hay
12th Earl of Erroll
d. 1704
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
13th Earl of Erroll
d. 1717 (no issue)
 
14th Countess
of Erroll
d. 1758 (no issue)
 
Margaret Hay
d. 1723
m. 5th Earl of Linlithgow
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Lord Livingston
d. 1715 (no issue)
 
Anne Livingston
d. 1747
m. 4th Earl of Kilmarnock
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
15th Earl of Erroll
d. 1778
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
16th Earl of Erroll
d. 1798 (no issue)
 
17th Earl of Erroll
d. 1819
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Earls of Erroll (1453)

His heir apparent is his son Harry Thomas William Hay, Lord Hay (b. 1984).

See also

References

  1. ^ Notes and Queries; p. 13; By Inc Chadwyck-Healey, William White; Published by Oxford University Press, 1852; link
  2. ^ thepeerage.com - Gilbert Hay, 11th Earl of Erroll
  3. ^ The Scots Peerage: founded on Wood's ed. of Sir Robert Douglas's Peerage of Scotland; containing an historical and genealogical account of the nobility of that kingdom; p. 578-580; by Paul, James Balfour, Sir, 1846-1931; Edinburgh: D. Douglas; Not in copyright link
  4. ^ Notes and Queries; p. 13; By Inc Chadwyck-Healey, William White; Published by Oxford University Press, 1852; link

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  • Earl of Erroll — Wappen des Chief des Clan Hay, des Earl of Erroll Earl of Erroll ist ein britischer erblicher Adelstitel in der Peerage of Scotland, der von der Familie Hay getragen wird. Der jeweilige Earl ist Chief des Clans Hay. Er hat das erbliche Amt eines… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Merlin Hay, 24th Earl of Erroll — The Earl of Erroll Born 20 April 1948 (1948 04 20) (age 63) Title Earl of Erroll Merlin Sereld Victor Gilbert Hay, 24th Earl of Erroll, (born Edinburgh, 20 April 1948) is a cross bench member of the House of Lords, Chief of Scottish clan Hay …   Wikipedia

  • Francis Hay, 9th Earl of Erroll — (30 April, 1564 ndash; July 16, 1631), Scottish nobleman, was the son of Andrew, 8th earl, and of Lady Jean Hay, daughter of William, 6th earl. The date of his birth is unrecorded, but he succeeded to the earldom (created 1453) in 1585, was early …   Wikipedia

  • James Hay, 15th Earl of Erroll — Infobox Person name = James Hay, 15th Earl of Erroll image size = caption = birth date = 20 April 1726 birth place = death date = 3 July 1778 death place = occupation = spouse = Isabella Carr parents = William Boyd (4th Earl of Kilmarnock)… …   Wikipedia

  • Josslyn Hay, 22nd Earl of Erroll — Josslyn Victor Hay, 22nd Earl of Erroll (May 11, 1901 Mayfair, London ndash;January 24, 1941, Nairobi Ngong road, Kenya)Cokayne et al, The Complete Peerage , volume I, p.1337] was an English born Scottish peer, famed for the unsolved case… …   Wikipedia

  • William Hay, 17th Earl of Erroll — (12 March 1772 26 January 1819), known as Lord Hay until 1778, was a Scottish peer.Erroll was the son of James Hay, 15th Earl of Erroll and his second wife, Isabella Carr. He firstly married Jane Bell (died 1793) in 1792, and they had one child… …   Wikipedia

  • William Hay, 18th Earl of Erroll — William George Hay, 18th Earl of Erroll, KT, GCH, PC (21 February 1801 – 19 April 1846), known as Lord Hay until 1819, was a Scottish peer.Erroll was the son of William Hay, 17th Earl of Erroll, and his wife Alice (née Eliot). His paternal… …   Wikipedia

  • Charles Hay, 20th Earl of Erroll — Charles Gore Hay, 20th Earl of Erroll and 3rd Baron Kilmarnock, KT, CB (7 February 1852 – 8 July 1927), known as Lord Hay until 1891, was a Scottish soldier and Conservative politician. Erroll was the son of William Harry Hay, 19th Earl of Erroll …   Wikipedia

  • Victor Hay, 21st Earl of Erroll — Victor Alexander Sereld Hay, 21st Earl of Erroll KCMG (17 October 1876 20 February 1928), was a British diplomat and briefly a member of the House of Lords. FamilyErroll was the only son of Charles Hay, 20th Earl of Erroll (1852 1927) and his… …   Wikipedia

  • William Hay, 18. Earl of Erroll — KT, PC (* 21. Februar 1801; † 19. April 1846) war ein schottischer Peer. Leben und Karriere Hay war der Sohn von William Hay, 17. Earl of Erroll, und dessen Ehefrau Alice. Er besuchte das Eton College. Am 4. Dezember 1820 heiratete er in der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia