- Sir Anthony de Rothschild, 1st Baronet
Sir Anthony Nathan de Rothschild (
May 29, 1810- January 3, 1876) was a British financierand a member of the prominent Rothschild banking family of England.
Born in New Court, St Swithin's Lane, in the
City of London, Anthony de Rothschild was the third child and second son of Nathan Mayer Rothschildand Hanna Barent Cohen. Multilingual, he studied at the University of Göttingen in Germanyand the University of Strasbourgin France. He then went to work for N M Rothschild & Sonsin London and was sent to train at de Rothschild Frèresin Parisand M A Rothschild & Söhnein Frankfurt.
In 1840 Anthony Nathan de Rothschild married Louise Montefiore (1821-1910). She was a cousin, the daughter of Henriette Rothschild (1791-1866) and Abraham Montefiore. They had two daughters:
# Constance (1843-1931)
# Annie Henrietta (1844-1926)
On his father's death in 1836, Anthony became a partner in the bank. Anthony's eldest brother
Lionel de Rothschildworked at the bank but in time became more and more involved in politics. With elder brother Nathaniel settling permanently in Paris and acquiring the Château Brane Mouton vineyard, and younger brother Mayer Amschel showing little interest in banking, a good portion of the responsibility for running the family's investment house fell on Anthony's shoulders. Working with brother Lionel and his cousin James in Paris, Anthony was a key figure in the 1845 creation and management of the Chemin de Fer du Nord, the family's rail transportbusiness in France. Anthony Rothschild's involvement with the financing of European railways was extensive and included the Chemins de fer de Paris à Lyon et à la Méditerranée, the Imperial Lombardo Venetian and Central Italian Railway Company of which brother Lionel was a director as well as funding railroad construction in Brazil. In the 1840s he was involved with their investment in an ironworks in Mexicothat supplied product for the building of that country's railway system. In addition, he was part of the 1852 negotiations for the lease whereby the Rothschilds took over the running of the Royal MintRefinery in London and took charge of overseeing the operation.
Like other members of the Rothschild family, Anthony was a dedicated collector of art and antiquities, making purchases from dealers across Europe. He acquired several pieces of exceedingly rare
faiencefrom France. He owned paintings such as "Portrait of a Man as the God Mars" by Peter Paul Rubensand "The Dispatch of the Messenger" by François Boucher.
In the early 1850s, Anthony de Rothschild acquired
Aston Clinton House, an estate in Aston Clintonnear Aylesburyin Buckinghamshire. He had been raised in London and although he maintained an opulent home at Grosvenor Place, he preferred country living where he liked to ride horses and participate in the hunt. At his stables he raised Thoroughbred racehorses, producing a number of successful winners on the track. A philanthropist, his support for various causes included an endowment of an infants school at Aston Clinton. He was also active in the London Jewish community, supporting the Jews' Free School and was the first president of the United Synagogue upon its formation in 1870.
baronof the Austrian Empire, in 1847 Queen Victoriacreated Anthony de Rothschild the "1st Baronet de Rothschild, of Tring Park". Because he had no male heirs, on his death the title went to his nephew Nathan Mayer Rothschild who was subsequently created Baron Rothschild in 1885 with which title the baronetcy remains merged.
Anthony Nathan de Rothschild died in 1876 at
Woolston, Hampshireand was interred in the Willesden Jewish Cemetery. In his memory, his wife gifted Anthony Hall to the village of Aston Clinton which is now a listed building.
"The man who controls Britain's money supply controls the British Empire, and I control the British money supply." (Nathan de Rothschild) [http://observer.guardian.co.uk/uk_news/story/0,,1833457,00.html]
*See list of references at:
Rothschild banking family of England.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Rothschild family — House of Rothschild redirects here. For the film, see The House of Rothschild. For the German surname Rothschild , see Rothschild (disambiguation). For one of the investment banks founded by the family, see N M Rothschild Sons. For one of the… … Wikipedia
Baronet — For the brush footed butterfly species, see Euthalia nais. Royal and noble ranks Emperor Empress King Queen … Wikipedia
Rothschild banking family of England — The Rothschild banking family of England was founded in 1798 by Nathan Mayer von Rothschild (1777 1836) who first settled in Manchester but then moved to London. Nathan was sent there from his home in Frankfurt by his father, Mayer Amschel… … Wikipedia
Nathan Mayer Rothschild — This article is about the 18th and 19th century financier. For his grandson, see Nathan Mayer Rothschild, 1st Baron Rothschild. For other persons with a similar name, see Nathaniel Rothschild (disambiguation). Nathan Mayer Rothschild Born 16… … Wikipedia
Cyril Flower, 1st Baron Battersea — The Senator . Caricature by T published in Vanity Fair in 1882. Cyril Flower, 1st Baron Battersea (30 August 1843 – 27 November 1907) was a British Liberal politician and patron of art. Contents … Wikipedia
Baron Rothschild — Baron Rothschild, of Tring in the County of Hertford, is a peerage title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. It was created in 1885. The Lords Rothschild are part of the Rothschild banking family. The current baron is also a Baronet, of Tring… … Wikipedia
List of Conservative Party (UK) MPs — This is a list of Conservative Party MPs. It includes all Members of Parliament elected to the British House of Commons representing the Conservative Party from 1834 onwards. Members of the Scottish Parliament, the Welsh Assembly or the European… … Wikipedia
List of King's College London alumni — This List of King s College London alumni includes graduates, non graduate former students, and current students of King s College London. The list also includes those whom are alumni by extension, having studied at institutions that have… … Wikipedia
List of Old Harrovians — The following is a list of some notable Old Harrovians, graduates of Harrow School in the United Kingdom. * Royalty*King Faisal II of Iraq *Prince Hamzah bin Al Hussein of Jordan *Prince Hassan bin Al Talal of Jordan *King Hussein of Jordan… … Wikipedia
List of Légion d'honneur recipients by name — The following is a List of Légion d honneur recipients by name. The Légion d honneur is the highest order of France.Combined list of recipients (by last name):A* Nils Waltersen Aasen * Louise Abbéma * Alfred Agache (painter) * Akihito, Emperor of … Wikipedia