- Reach for the Top
"Reach for the Top" is a Canadian
game showin which teams of high schoolstudents participate in local, provincial and eventually national triviatournaments. The non-televised tournaments held at high schools throughout Canada during the year are known as Schoolreach; both are commonly referred to simply as "Reach".
Some districts also have "Intermediate" level competitions, where the questions are written with a lower level of difficulty to provide experience to new, younger players. Intermediate level champions do not move on to national finals.
In Canadian universities, Quiz Bowl is the dominant form of trivia competition, often played by those who participated in Schoolreach and Reach For The Top in high school.
The televised "Reach for the Top" series was first shown on
Canadian Broadcasting Corporation(CBC) affiliate CBUTin Vancouver, British Columbiain 1961, based on the BBCseries " Top of the Form". The first national "Reach for the Top" tournament took place in 1965, and was won by Vincent Massey Collegiate Institutefrom Etobicoke, Ontario. The series was filmed at locations across Canada with the national championships held in Montreal, Quebec. In 1968 a short-lived Trans-World Top Team series was created by the CBC and BBC, in which teams from the United Kingdomplayed teams from Canada. Alex Trebekhosted the Toronto version for several years. Shelagh Rogers, later a host for CBC Radio, was a contestant on the original broadcasts of the show. Bill Guesthosted the National Finals on CBC from 1969 to 1985. Miles MacDonell Collegiate in Winnipeg, Manitoba, won the most provincial championships in Reach For The Top history winning a record six times in the 1970s and 1980s but never the national championship.Fact|date=July 2008
The CBC stopped airing "Reach for the Top" in 1985, but it continues to be shown under the aegis of Reach for the Top Inc. on several private and public networks. Currently, the national championship is shown on
Canadian Learning Television, hosted by Graham Neil of CTV Edmonton. Games at the provincial level are broadcast on stations unique to their respective provinces, among them Ontarioon TVOntariowith Nicole Stampof TVOKids(and produced and directed by Sidney M. Cohen), British Columbiawith Tamara Stanners on Knowledge, and Albertawith Graham Neil on Access. Local tournaments may air on private television stations, or on cable community channels.
In 1985, Reach for the Top Inc., a private company, was established by Sandy Stewart, on agreement with CBC. Mr. Stewart then joined with his wife, Patricia Stewart, in partnership with Robert Jeffrey and Paul Russell of Paulus Productions Inc. to create Schoolreach, an in-school version of "Reach for the Top" available across Canada by subscription ["Lives Lived" by Wallace Immen in "
The Globe and Mail", 14 August 1998, page A16] . Schoolreach is organized among the different school boards in Canada, and monthly tournaments are played, culminating in a district final each spring. The winner in each district participates in the provincial finals (often, but not always, televised), and the provincial winner competes in the televised national championship.
Reach for the Top Inc. produced a season of programming out of Toronto in 1986 and 1987. "The Reach for the Top" National Finals were revived in 1988. In 1995, Sandy and Pat Stewart retired from "Reach For The Top". "Reach for the Top" and Schoolreach were then taken over by Paulus Productions Inc. under the direction of Paul Russell and Robert Jeffrey.
CBC revived the format in the program "
Smart Ask" which was cancelled in 2004. From 1973 to 1997 the CBC's French languagenetwork, Radio-Canada, aired a program called " Génies en herbe" ("Budding Geniuses"), which was the French language equivalent of "Reach for the Top". Competitions continued after the cancellation of the program, and teams from other francophonecountries around the world often participated.
The game is similar to "Quiz Bowl", the high school and university trivia game played in the
United States, but with some significant differences. Reach questions include "snappers," the same as "tossups" in Quiz Bowl, which can be answered by any of the four players on either team. There are also "Who am I?" or "What am I?" questions and "shootout" questions, also open to any player. "Relay" questions are directed at only one of the teams, and "assigned" questions are directed to a single player. Questions are typically worth ten points, but can be worth up to forty points. Points are not deducted for a wrong answer.
Every game lasts for three rounds, with one minute breaks in between. Each game consists of 96 questions (80 questions in Intermediate games), plus four sudden-death tiebreakers in the case of a tie game after regulation. Contestants may answer a question before the reading of it is completed; however, a correct, anticipated guess does not earn extra points.
The tournament is divided into three different levels. At the regional level, local high school teams compete against each other to determine who goes on to the provincial level. The winners of the provincial championships then go on to the National Reach for the Top tournament. The winner is then declared the national champions.
Types of questions
* "Snappers:" Snappers begin and end every round, and are called "snapstarts" and "snapouts" respectively. They are usually found in sets of four (10 points each, for a total of 40 points); however, at the end of every game, there is a snapout consisting of 8-12 questions. (If there is any time left in the game, more snappers are asked.)
* "Open Questions:" These types of questions are open to both teams. Open questions are found in sets of two, three or four. Each correct answer is worth 10 points. Audio and visual questions follow the same rules. Under the rules of the 2008 National tournament, incorrect answers given before questions in this category are finished result in a five-point penalty (a 'neg 5').
* "Team Questions:" A Team Question is actually a set of questions, worth a possible total of 40 points. When a team question is announced, both teams have an opportunity to answer the first question, called a "scramble". The team that answers the scramble first will have an opportunity to answer the remaining three questions, whereas the opponent will not. In the event that neither team answers the scramble, the remaining questions are open to both teams. At the National tournament, if these questions are open, the above rule regarding penalties is used. However, in some leagues, the team question is forfeited completely.
* "Who/What/Where/What Word am I? Questions:" The purpose of a Who/What/Where/What Word am I? question is to guess a person/place/thing. Clues are provided by the reader, and are read, one at a time. Between clues, both teams have an opportunity to guess the person/place/thing. If both teams provide incorrect guesses, the next clue will be read. This continues until the fourth and final clue is read. If neither team can provide a correct answer, the answer will be revealed, and no points will be awarded. What Word am I? questions provide up to four quotes with a missing word common to each. If a team provides the correct answer after being provided with one clue, that team will earn 40 points. Each subsequent clue reduces the question's value by 10 points.
* "Chain Snappers:" Chain snappers are similar to snappers, but each question is somehow related to the preceding answer.
* "Assigned questions:" Assigned questions are found in sets of eight--four questions per team. A question is assigned to each person; if the person cannot answer the question correctly, his/her opponent (sitting directly across from him/her) will have an opportunity to answer. Players may not consult with their teammates when they are assigned a question.
* "Relay questions:" Each team is presented with four questions, one team at a time. The first three questions are worth 10 points each, while the last question is worth 20. If a team provides an incorrect answer at any point in the relay, the remaining questions assigned to that team are forfeited. Consultation is allowed.
* "20-point special:" A correct attempt at a 20-point special will earn 20 points. Some 20-point specials require more than one answer while others are a bit more difficult than the regular 10-point questions.
* "Shootout questions:" Shootouts consist of 12 snappers, and are open to both teams. If a participant provides a correct answer, he/she will not be able to answer any further questions in the shootout. A team will be awarded 40 points if they provide four correct answers before their opponents do. This will end the shootout. If neither team provides four correct responses before the end of the shootout, no points are awarded. Prompting and consultation amongst the players is forbidden.
* "List questions:" List questions are open to both teams, and are worth a possible 50 points. The reader will introduce the theme of the question, and ask for five items relating to that theme. For example, if the theme were "Chemical elements", the reader could ask for the first five elements of the periodic table. Teams alternate responses; if one team provides an incorrect response or repeats an answer, then the other team shall have an opportunity to name the remaining items in the list unless they too make a mistake in giving a wrong answer or repeating.
Participants must be attending a
high schoolin Canada to be eligible for participation in "Reach for the Top". The age limit restricts participants to those who are 19 or younger at the beginning of the school year. [ [http://www.reachforthetop.com/nationalrules.cfm Reach for the Top national rules] ] Since high school in Quebecends with Grade 11, rather than Grade 12 as in other provinces, Quebec schools were at a disadvantage in national competition and never won a national championship.
Vincent Massey Collegiate Institutebecame the first high school to win the National Championship twice. They played their first game in March 1978 against Richview Collegiate Instituteand current Prime Minister of Canada Stephen Harperin the first game of the Etobicoke, Ontarioflight. Vincent Massey Collegiate easily won by a score of 445-160, with Mr. Harper scoring 80 points for Richview Collegiate in his first and only appearance on the show.Fact|date=July 2008 Interestingly, Nicole Stamp, who has been the host of Reach For The Top's Ontario Championships since 2004, is also an alumna of Richview Collegiate.
In 2003, the
University of Toronto Schools, based in Toronto, Ontario, became the first school in "Reach for the Top" history to win back-to-back national titles. Other schools to win the championship twice include Cobequid Educational Centrein Truro, Nova Scotia(1981 and 2005), St. George's School in Vancouver, British Columbia(1991 and 2004), Saunders Secondary Schoolin London, Ontario(1992 and 1996), and Gloucester High School in Ottawa, Ontario (1998 and 2001).
In 1990, the champions from Memorial High School in
Sydney Mines, Nova Scotia defeated the National Academic Championshipteam from Collegiate School of Richmond, Virginia305-280. [ [http://global.factiva.com/aa/default.aspx?napc=S&fcpil=en&_XFORMSTATE=AAF7MTp7Mjp7MTE6MCwxNDoyLDI0ZQE3UQA5TAADMTI6MCwycAACODowLDBkAmACfAAAFDg6MSw2OjIsMTA6W3s0OiIgVGhleSBjYW1lLCBzdGF5ZWQgYW5kyQEsjAEAB2NvbnF1ZXJlZCAiLDU6Nyw3OiJyY2hkIixpDTCwAQAVMDAwMDIwMDExMTE1ZG02ZzAwamQ5IiwyOnswOiJBcnRpY2xlIiwxrA4BTmV3cylMAA8iZGlzdGRvYzphcmNoaXZlL0G8AAJEb2M6Ot0EL2QON5ABCCI0NzEwIn1dLDI6IB4xAX1wCGAmCTIzOjAsMTY6MH19fREAAG4BAAA%3d "They came, stayed and stayed, and conquered"] (Factiva link) by Leeanne Morris in " The Richmond Times-Dispatch", 16 June 1990, page 21]
Lorne Jenken High School in
Barrhead, Alberta, which won in 1973 and made six other nationals appearances in the 1970s under the direction of current Speaker of the Legislative Assembly of Alberta Ken Kowalski, was considered "the series' most successful competitors" in the 1985 edition of the Canadian Encyclopedia. [ [http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com/index.cfm?PgNm=TCE&Params=A1ARTA0006701 The Canadian Encyclopedia entry on "Reach for the Top" from 1985] ]
Vincent Massey Collegiate Institute, Etobicoke, Ontario
*1966-1967 Rideau Collegiate Institute,
Oak Bay Secondary School, Victoria, British Columbia
Neil McNeil Catholic Secondary School, Toronto, Ontario
Kelvin High School, Winnipeg, Manitoba
*1970-1971 River East Collegiate Institute, Winnipeg, Manitoba
*1971-1972 O'Leary High School,
*1972-1973 Lorne Jenken High School,
*1973-1974 Gonzaga Public High School,
St. John's, Newfoundland
*1974-1975 Queen Elizabeth High School, Halifax, Nova Scotia
Central Peel Secondary School, Brampton, Ontario
*1976-1977 Glenlawn Collegiate Institute, Winnipeg, Manitoba
*1977-1978 Vincent Massey Collegiate Institute, Etobicoke, Ontario
Banting Memorial High School, Alliston, Ontario
*1979-1980 Hillcrest High School, Ottawa, Ontario
Cobequid Educational Centre, Truro, Nova Scotia
*1981-1982 Dakota Collegiate Institute, Winnipeg, Manitoba
Roland Michener Secondary School, South Porcupine, Ontario
*1983-1984 Deloraine Collegiate Institute,
*1984-1985 Kate Andrews High School,
Between 1984-85 and 1988-89, no national tournament was held.
*1988-1989 Tagwi Secondary School,
*1989-1990 Memorial High School,
Sydney Mines, Nova Scotia
*1990-1991 St. George's School,
Vancouver, British Columbia
Saunders Secondary School, London, Ontario
*1992-1993 St. Joseph's High School,
*1993-1994 Bell High School,
Fredericton High School, Fredericton, New Brunswick
*1995-1996 Saunders Secondary School, London, Ontario
Earl Haig Secondary School, Toronto, Ontario
*1997-1998 Gloucester High School,
Frontenac Secondary School, Kingston, Ontario
Merivale High School, Ottawa, Ontario
*2000-2001 Gloucester High School, Ottawa, Ontario
University of Toronto Schools, Toronto, Ontario
*2002-2003 University of Toronto Schools, Toronto, Ontario
*2003-2004 St. George's School, Vancouver, British Columbia
*2004-2005 Cobequid Educational Centre, Truro, Nova Scotia
Woburn Collegiate Institute, Toronto, Ontario
London Central Secondary School, London, Ontario
Lisgar Collegiate Institute, Ottawa, Ontario
SmartAsk", CBC television show that was spun off from "Reach"
Schools' Challenge, the UK schools national quiz.
* [http://www.reachforthetop.com/ Reach for the Top official site]
* [http://www.geniesenherbe.org/ Génies en herbe]
* [http://www.tvo.org/reach/ Reach for the Top - Ontario]
* [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X_v0MddNesE A rare "Reach for the Top" clip featuring a young Gord Tanner at YouTube]
*imdb title|0194274|Pray For Me, Paul Henderson CBC TV movie about a Reach for the Top team and
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