- Scientology as a business
Church of Scientologydescribes itself as a religion [cite web |url = http://www.scientology.org/en_US/religion/index.html |title = What is Scientology? |accessdate = 2008-01-15] various governments have at some time denied the organisation charitable status for tax purposes, and some still regard the organisation as a business.
The Church pays members 10% commissions, called FSM (Field Staff Member) commissions, on new recruits they bring in who take a course or get counseling.cite news | first = Richard | last = Behar | url = http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,972865,00.html?internalid=ACA | title = The Thriving Cult of Greed and Power | work = Time | date =
1991-05-06] cite web | url = http://www.scientology-asho.org/AuditingAsACareer.htm | title = Auditing as a Career | publisher = American Saint Hill Organization, Church of Scientology | accessdate = 2006-08-05 ] In addition, Church of Scientology franchises/missions, pay the church roughly 10% of their gross income. cite news | first=Joel | last=Sappell | coauthors= Welkos, Robert W. | url=http://www.latimes.com/news/printedition/la-scientologysideb062490,1,7772622.story?coll=la-news-comment | title=The Man In Control | work= Los Angeles Times| page=A41:4 | date=1990-06-24 | accessdate=2006-06-06 ] Charges for auditing and other Church-related courses run to tens or hundreds of thousands of dollars. [Cooper, Paulette [http://www.clambake.org/archive/books/tsos/sos-19.html "Scandal of Scientology", Chapter 19] , Tower Publications, NYC, 1971]
Religious Technology Centermaintains strict control over the use of Scientology symbols, icons, and names. It claims copyright and trademark over the "Scientology cross," and its lawyers have threatened lawsuits against individuals and organizations who have published these protected images without permission in books and on websites. [cite web | title = Chilling Effects Clearinghouse Database | publisher = Chilling Effects Clearinghouse | url = http://www.chillingeffects.org/search.cgi?search=scientology | accessdate = 2007-09-01 ]
Because of this, it is very difficult for individual groups to attempt to publicly practice Scientology on their own, without any affiliation or connection to the "official" Church of Scientology. Scientology has sued a number of individuals who attempted to set up their own "auditing" practices, using copyright and trademark law to shut these competitors down.cite web |url = http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/comment/faith/article1975105.ece |title = ‘Church’ that yearns for respectability - Scientology is trying to transform its image from that of a shadowy cult |accessdate = 2007-07-31 |last = Kennedy|first = Dominic |date =
2007-06-23|work = The Times|publisher = ]
The German government takes the view that Scientology is a commercial enterprise, and
Belgium, France, United Kingdom, Ireland, Luxembourg, Israeland Mexicoremain unconvinced that Scientology is a religion. [ [http://www.germany.info/relaunch/info/archives/background/scientology.html "Understanding the German View of Scientology"] German Embassy, Washington, D.C.]
Courts of law have upon more than one occasion declared Scientology to be a business. One example involves the Founding Church of Scientology of Washington, D.C., which had obtained tax-exempt status in 1956 on the claim that it was "a corporation organized and operated exclusively for religious purposes, no part of the earnings of which inures to any individual". That status was revoked in 1958, on the grounds (as argued by the U.S. Department of Justice in subsequent proceedings) that the Church's "most extensive and significant activities are directed towards the earnings of substantial fees" and "the founder of the organisation
[ L. Ron Hubbard ]remains in complete control and receives substantial remuneration and perquisites both from the taxpayer and a network of affiliates". [cite paper | author = Sir John Foster, K.B.E., Q.C., M.P. | title = Enquiry into the Practice and Effects of Scientology | publisher = Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London | date = December 1971 | url = http://www.apologeticsindex.org/The%20Foster%20Report.pdf | accessdate = 2007-08-02]
The findings of fact in the case included that Hubbard had personally received over $108,000 from the Church and affiliates over a four-year period, over and above the percentage of
gross income(usually 10%) he received from Church-affiliated organizations. In addition, the Church had paid for Hubbard's car and for his personal residence, Mary Sue Hubbardhad made over $10,000 renting property to the Church, and while the $3,242 paid to Hubbard's daughter Kay had been "generally designated as salary or wages", "the record is devoid of any evidence showing services performed by Miss Hubbard for [the Church] ." The Court of Claims concluded "What emerges from these facts is the inference that the Hubbard family was entitled to make ready personal use of the corporate earnings.""Enquiry into the Practice and Effects of Scientology", Report by Sir John Foster, K.B.E., Q.C., M.P., Published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London December 1971. Cited at http://www.cs.cmu.edu/~dst/Cowen/audit/fosthome.html .] [cite news | first = Richard | last = Behar | authorlink = Richard Behar | title = The prophet and profits of Scientology | url = | work = Forbes 400| publisher = Forbes| date = 1986-10-27| accessdate = | quote = Altogether, FORBES can total up at least $200 million gathered in Hubbard's name through 1982. There may well have been much more.]
The above figures are discounted rates for members of the International Association of Scientologists (IAS).
Flag Service Organizationhas its own auditing price schedule.
cquote|Take it cash in advance. Guarantee nothing. Make sure you stress its spiritual slant and value. Steer clear of promising cures. AND DON’T rush them into auditing. They’ll beg for it soon enough.Actually do this to be of service to man. Try to give it away. You’ll find you can’t. Don’t use this just because it’s a ‘preclear getter’, it’s a lot more than that. It will put you in financial condition and get your church going.|20px|20px|L. Ron Hubbard|"Ability", September 1955|
According to the Church of Scientology, Field Auditors usually make a significant amount of their income from 15% FSM (Field Staff Member) Commissions. This is from referring their preclears to nearby (larger) Class V orgs or to the
Sea Orgorgs for advanced training and processing.
quotation|Here is an example: You send your preclear into a nearby org, and she buys an Academy Training package for $8,000. You receive a 15% commission on those services, which is payable when she arrives at the Org to do them, ($1,200.00).
As well, Field Auditors charge for auditing services, which can also generate significant income:
quotation|You can make a very good living with as few as 3 paying preclears a week — though you will soon have many more. Just look at the chart below.
You audit two preclears for the IAS rate of $3,200* for a 12 1/2 hour intensive. You pay 10% to IHELP, which gives you 90%.
That’s $5,760 income for 1 week.
You audit three preclears for the IAS rate of $3,200* for a 12 1/2 hour intensive. You pay 10% to IHELP, which gives you 90%.
That’s $8,640 income for 1 week.
Training courses in the Church of Scientology range from extension courses which cost US$35, to advanced courses in auditing and administration of Scientology organizations which cost in the tens of thousands of dollars. For example, the
Organizational Executive Courseand the Flag Executive Briefing Courseare advanced administrative training courses, which cost US$32,000 and US$27,000, respectively .
World Institute of Scientology Enterprises
Hubbard College of Administration International
Sterling Management Systems
List of Scientology organizations
* [http://www.scientology.org/en_US/religion/catechism/pg042.html: Scientology FAQs: Scientology Career]
** [http://www.scientology.org/en_US/religion/catechism/pg028.html Church Funding]
** [http://field.flag.org Flag Field Staff Member]
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