- Bosut River
The Bosut (Serbian
Cyrillic: Босут) is a riverin eastern Croatiaand northwestern Serbia, a 186 km long left tributary of the Savariver.
The Bosut originates as the Biđ (or Bič) river in central
Slavoniaregion, on the southern slopes of the Diljmountain, northwest of the city of Slavonski Brod. Generally flowing to the northeast, it has no major settlements though some larger villages are in the vicinity of the river ( Donji Andrijevci, Vrpoljeand Strizivojna). Flowing through the village of Cerna, the Biđ receives the river Berava from the south and from this point it is known as the Bosut. Some maps though, indicate that name Bosut is used before the river reaches Cerna, and some other apply the name also for the lowest part of the Berava's course, between Gradišteand Cerna.
Turning north from there, the river flows into the region of
Syrmia, and the villages of Andrijaševciand Rokovci, reaching the biggest settlement on its course, the city of Vinkovci. From there, the rivers turns to the southeast, which is the direction it will follow for the rest of its course, except for a large U-bend south of Vinkovci. It passes through Kunjevci, Nijemci, Podgrađe, Apševciand Lipovac, where it receives the river Spačvafrom the right, and after the flow of 158 km through Croatia, crosses the Serbian border.
The Bosut enters Serbia at the village of
Batrovciand flows through the southwesternmost part of the province of Vojvodina. It continues through the villages of Morović(where it receives the river Studvafrom the right, its major tributary in Serbia) and Višnjićevo, makes a turn north of Sremska Račaand, after 28 km in Serbia, empties into the Sava at the village of Bosut. A Slezenpond, near Morović, is located in the river's valley.
The Bosut belongs to the
Black Seadrainage basin, with its own drainage area of 3,097 km². For some 40 km its navigable for smaller vessels.
The river is known as the plain, meandering and extremely slow. Adding also the very small inclination in its basin (less than 10 m from Vinkovci until its mouth), the Bosut is known for a phenomenon of being 'the river that flows backwards', because sometimes, with strong winds and being so slow, it appears as the water is flowing backwards.
The whole valley of the Biđ-Bosut is actually an old, fossil river bed of the Sava. It is also known as a region with the highest evaporation in both Croatia and Serbia.
In its lower course, the Bosut flows through forested area, and the river is generally known for its abundance of fish.
* "Mala Prosvetina Enciklopedija", Third edition (1985); Prosveta; ISBN 86-07-00001-2
* Jovan Đ. Marković (1990): "Enciklopedijski geografski leksikon Jugoslavije"; Svjetlost-Sarajevo; ISBN 86-01-02651-6
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