- Lido (swimming pool)
A lido, in the
United Kingdom, Portugaland some other countries, refers to a public outdoor swimming pooland surrounding facilities, or part of a beach where people can swim, lie in the sun or participate in water sports. Over a hundred Lidos are still open.
cruise ship, outdoor pools and the surrounding facilities are referred to as the lido deck.
The term "lido" comes from the name of the
Lidoon the sandy barrier beachthat encloses the Lagoon of Venice, where sea-bathing took place from the later nineteenth century.
History in UK
The golden age of new lidos was in the 1930s, when swimming became very popular, and 169 were built across the UK as recreational facilities by local councils. Many closed when foreign holidays became less expensive, and local lidos were snubbed as "naff", but the remaining lidos have a dedicated following of supporters.
Three examples of open lidos are
SaltdeanLido in Sussex, Tooting Bec Lidoin South Londonand Jesus Green Swimming Poolin Cambridge. Surbiton Lagoonand Peckham Ryeare two that have closed. There were numerous lidos (particularly in London and the south-west), but hundreds have closed in the UK in recent times.
In 2005 a major breakthrough in lido revival took place when
English Heritagepublished "Liquid Assets - the lidos and open air pools of Britain", produced as part of the "Played in Britain" series. Author Janet Smith had spent years researching (and swimming in) lidos around the country and her book explored the past, present and future of open air pools. This, in turn led to two major conferences in 2006: "Reviving Lidos" and "Making a Splash".
Although there have been many setbacks, long-running campaigns have resulted in some important successes: In October 2006
London FieldsLido re-opened in Hackney after a campaign lasting nearly 20 years; Droitwich Spa Lidohas also re-opened after a six year battle by the group SALT (Save a Lido Today); and Brockwell ParkLido celebrated its 70th Birthday (1937–2007) on 10th July.
On-going campaigns include: Wood Green Pool in
Banbury, Clifton Pool and The Victoria Public Housein Bristoland Broomhill Pool in Ipswich. Furthermore there is a push to reopen the Cleveland Baths (at Hampton Row in Bath) as a lido. The historic grade two* listed baths, which date back to 1815, are believed to be the oldest surviving public outdoor swimming pools in the country.
* [http://www.lidos.org.uk Lidos in the UK]
* [http://www.wandsworth.gov.uk/Home/LeisureandTourism/Leisurecentres/TootingBecLido.htm Wandsworth Council Leisure Services]
* [http://groups.yahoo.com/group/poolingresources Pooling Resources]
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