- Gander, Newfoundland and Labrador
official_name = Gander
settlement_type = Town
pushpin_label_position = left
pushpin_map_caption = Location of Gander in Newfoundland
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = CAN
subdivision_type1 = Province
subdivision_name1 = NL
subdivision_type3 = Census division
Division No. 6, Newfoundland and Labrador
established_title = Settled
established_date = 1936
established_title2 = Incorporated
established_date2 = 1958
government_type = Gander Town Council
leader_title = Mayor
leader_name = Claude Elliot
area_total_km2 = 104.25
population_as_of = 2006
population_footnotes = [ [http://www12.statcan.ca/english/census06/data/profiles/community/Details/Page.cfm?Lang=E&Geo1=CSD&Code1=1006009&Geo2=PR&Code2=10&Data=Count&SearchText=Wood%20Point,%20Bonne%20Bay&SearchType=Begins&SearchPR=01&B1=All Population and dwelling counts] ]
population_total = 9,951
population_density_km2 = 95.5
utc_offset = -3:30
timezone_DST = Newfoundland Daylight
utc_offset_DST = -2:30
latd = 48
latm = 57
lats = 25
latNS = N
longd = 54
longm = 36
longs = 32
longEW = W
elevation_m = 128
postal_code_type = Postal code span
postal_code = A1V
area_code = 709
blank_name = Highways
blank_info = Route 1
website = [http://www.gandercanada.com/ Town of Gander (official site)]
footnotes = Gander is a Canadian town located in northeastern part of the island of Newfoundland in the province of
Newfoundland and Labrador, approximately convert|40|km|mi south of Gander Bay, convert|100|km|mi|abbr=on south of Twillingate and convert|90|km|mi|abbr=on east of Grand Falls-Windsor. Located on the northeastern shore of Gander Lake, it is the site of Gander International Airport, formerly an important refuelling point for transatlantic aircraft.
Most of the streets in Gander are named after famous aviators, including
Amelia Earhart, Alcock and Brown, Charles Lindbergh, Eddie Rickenbacker, Marc Garneauand Chuck Yeager. [ [http://www.gandercanada.com/explore_gander/cool_facts.htm Cool Facts] ] Popular Newfoundland entertainer, Kevin Blackmore, better known as " Buddy Wasisname", from the Buddy Wasisname and the Other Fellerswas born in Gander.
Gander was chosen for the construction of an
airbasein 1935 due to its location close to the northeast tip of the North American continent. In 1936 construction of the base began and the town started to develop. On January 11, 1938, Captain Douglas Fraser made the first landing at "Newfoundland Airport", now known as Gander International Airport, in a single-engine biplane, Fox Moth VO-ADE. During the Second World War, as many as 10,000 Canadian, British and American military personnel resided in Gander. The area became a strategic post for the Royal Air ForceAir Ferry Command, with approximately 20,000 American and Canadian-built fighters and bombersstopping at Gander en route to Europe. Once the war was over, the airbase became a civilian airport and the location of the town was moved a safe distance from the runways. Construction of the present town site began in the 1950s and the present municipality was incorporated in 1958 and the settlement around the airport was eventually abandoned. [ [http://www.gandercanada.com/explore_gander/history_of_gander.htm History of Gander] ]
After the Second World War the town grew as the airport was used as a refuelling stop for
transatlantic flights, earning its name "Cross-roads of the world" as nearly all overseas flights had to stop there before crossing the Atlantic. Recently efforts have been made to diversify the economy from being dependent on the airport, particularly as new aircraft designs have permitted longer-range flights without the need for landing to refuel.
Gander was the site of a major plane crash on
December 12, 1985, the Arrow Air Flight 1285.
The Gander airport played an important role in world aviation in the immediate hours following the
September 11, 2001 attackswhen all of North America's airspacewas closed by North American Aerospace Defense Command(NORAD), and 39 transatlantic flights bound for the United States were ordered to land at the airport—more flights than any other Canadian airport other than Halifax International. (Vancouver International received the most passengers, at 8,500.) Over 6,600 passengers and airline crew members unexpectedly found themselves forced to stay in the Gander area for up to three days until airspace was reopened and flights resumed. Residents of Gander and surrounding communities volunteered to house, feed, and entertain the travellers in what became known as Operation Yellow Ribbon. This was largely because Transport Canadaand NAV CANADAasked that transatlantic flights avoid the major airports in central Canada, like Lester B. Pearson in Torontoand Montréal-Dorval.
Lufthansanamed one of its Airbus A340aircraft "Gander/Halifax" to thank both cities for their handling of rerouted travellers on 9/11. In addition, a book called "The Day The World Came to Town" was published by Reagan Books and several stories and segments about Gander's role during 9-11 have been featured on various educational and news programs.
The Town of Gander continues to play a very important role in
aerospacetoday, and to this extent Gander has retained an experienced United States Representativeclarifyme to attract and retain valid business opportunities in the aerospace industry.
In May 2007, "
Money Sense" ranked Gander as the 10th best place to live in Canada. The magazine ranked communities strictly by crunching numbers relating to 12 measurable factors including weather, real estatevalues, incomelevels, unemployment rates, discretionary income, murder rates and signs of prosperity such as the percentage of late model vehicles.
Statistics Canada2006 census, the current population of the town of Gander is 9,951, a 3.1% increase from 2001. There are a total of 4,153 dwellings and the town's total area is convert|104.25|km2|sqmi|abbr=on, with a population density of Pop density km2 to mi2|95.5|abbr=yes.
visible minoritygroups in Gander are Aboriginal people (1.65%) followed by Black Canadians(0.52%) Indo-Canadians(0.3%), and Chinese Canadians (0.15%).
List of cities and towns in Newfoundland and Labrador
* [http://www.gandercanada.com/ Town of Gander (official site)]
* [http://ca.youtube.com/watch?v=jaH9BfZDkiY Video of driving through the town]
* [http://www.airliners.net/open.file/726557/L/ Photo of Lufthansa Airbus A340 D-AIFC "Gander Halifax"]
* [http://www.transatlanticflightpby.com/ Transatlantic Re-enactment Flight]
North: Division No. 6, Subd. E West: Division No. 6, Subd. E
Gander East: Division No. 6, Subd. E South: Division No. 6, Subd. E
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