Vice President of the People's Republic of China


Vice President of the People's Republic of China
Vice President of the
People's Republic of China
National Emblem of the People's Republic of China.svg
Emblem of the People's Republic of China
Incumbent
Xi Jinping

since March 15, 2008
Residence Zhongnanhai
Appointer the National People's Congress
Term length five years, renewable once consecutively
Inaugural holder Zhu De
Formation 1954-1975
June 18, 1983
Website Presidency

The Vice President of the People's Republic of China (simplified Chinese: 中华人民共和国副主席; traditional Chinese: 中華人民共和國副主席; pinyin: Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó Fù Zhǔxí), formerly called Vice Chairman of the People's Republic of China from 1954 to 1975, or abbreviated Guójiā Fù Zhǔxí 国家副主席, literally State Vice-chairman) is a senior position in the government of the People's Republic of China.

Selection and Powers

The office was created by the 1982 constitution. Formally, the Vice President is elected by the National People's Congress in accordance with Article 62 of the Constitution. In practice, this election falls into the category of 'single-candidate' elections. The candidate is recommended by the Presidium of the National People's Congress, which also theoretically has the power to recall the Vice President.

By law, the Vice President must be a Chinese citizen of 45 years of age or older. He or she cannot serve for over two terms, a term being the equivalent of one session of the NPC, which is five years.

The Vice President's duties include assisting the President, and replacing him should he resign or die in office. In reality the position of the Vice-President is basically ceremonial, and only until Hu Jintao the recent Vice-Presidents have been members of the Politburo Standing Committee, China's main decision makers.

People's Republic of China

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
the People's Republic of China



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