Deir Hanna


Deir Hanna
Deir Hanna
Hebrew transcription(s)
 – Hebrew דֵיר חַנָּא
 – ISO 259 Deir Ḥannaˀ
 – Also spelled Deir Hana (official)
Dayr Hanna (unofficial)
Arabic transcription(s)
 – Arabic دير حنا
The remains of Dhaher al-Omar's castle in Deir Hanna
Deir Hanna is located in Israel
Deir Hanna
Coordinates: 32°51′44.68″N 35°22′16.21″E / 32.8624111°N 35.3711694°E / 32.8624111; 35.3711694Coordinates: 32°51′44.68″N 35°22′16.21″E / 32.8624111°N 35.3711694°E / 32.8624111; 35.3711694
District North
Government
 – Type Local council (from 1975)
 – Head of Municipality Samir Hussein
Area
 – Total 7,500 dunams (7.5 km2 / 2.9 sq mi)
Population (2005)
 – Total 8,500
Name meaning "John's Monastery"

Deir Hanna (Arabic: دير حنا‎, Hebrew: דֵיר חַנָּא‎‎)[1] is a local council in the North District of Israel, located on the hills of the Lower Galilee, 23 kilometres (14 mi) southeast of Acre. At the end of 2005, the town had a population of 8,500 approximately 80% of them being Muslims and the remaining 20% being Christian.[2]

Contents

History

In the 2nd to 4th centuries, the Jewish village of Kfar Yohanna (כפר יוחנה) was known in as the seat of the Cohens of Yakhin, the 21st of the 24 Priestly Courses or Priestly Watches (משמרות הכהונה).[citation needed]

According to one source, in the Crusader times Deir Hanna was a fief know as "Ber Henne", belonging to Phillipe le Rous. However, according to Petersen, there are no traces of Crusader occupation in the village.[3]

Deir Hanna was a base for the az-Zaydānī -family, and as such increased greatly in importance with Dhaher al-Omar rise to power in the 18th century.[3]

Deir Hanna at night as seen from Lotem

In the late 19th century, it was described as: "High walls all around the village, which is built of stone. The walls have round towers, and were built by Dhaher el Amrs son, Sad el Amr. It is situated on the top of a high ridge, and contains about 400 Christians. It is surrounded by olive-groves and arable land. Water is obtained from cisterns and an old paved birkeh to the north of the village."[4]

At the time of the 1931 census, Deir Hanna had 117 occupied houses and a population of 427 Muslims and 136 Christians.[5] In 1945, it had 750 Arab inhabitants, who owned a total of owned 15,350 dunams of land.[6]

The town has been through a thorough modernization process in the last 10 years, and now has a full education system, health care facilities and sports playgrounds. Deir Hanna forms the Land Day triangle with Sakhnin and Arraba.

Notable buildings

Deir Hanna has a castle from the Dhaher al-Omar era. Parts of the castle are still standing, as are the walls, the old village church and a mosque, and it is considered a tourist attraction.

Persons associated with Deir Hanna

See also

References

  1. ^ "The Convent of St John", according to Palmer, 1881, p125
  2. ^ http://www.cbs.gov.il/population/new_2007/table3.pdf
  3. ^ a b Petersen, 2001, p. 132
  4. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1881, SWP, I, p. 364
  5. ^ E. Mills, ed (1932). Census of Palestine 1931. Population of Villages, Towns and Administrative Areas. Jerusalem: Government of Palestine. p. 100. 
  6. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in S. Hadawi, Village Statistics, 1945. PLO Research Center, 1970 p.40

Bibliography

External link


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