Marquess of Northampton


Marquess of Northampton
Castle Ashby in Northamptonshire.

Marquess of Northampton is a title that has been created twice.

Coat of arms of the Marquess of Northampton.svg

Contents

William Parr

First creation, 1547–1571

The title was created for the first time in the Peerage of England in 1547 in favour of William Parr, brother of Catherine Parr, the sixth and last wife of King Henry VIII. The title was forfeited in 1554 after the accession of Queen Mary but restored in 1559 by Queen Elizabeth I. On Parr's death in 1571 the title became extinct.

Compton family

Second creation, Baron Compton, Earl of Northampton and Marquess of Northampton, 1572 -

However, the title is chiefly associated with the Compton family. This family descends from Sir Henry Compton, who in 1572 was summoned to the House of Lords as Baron Compton, of Compton in the County of Warwick. This title was in the Peerage of England. Lord Compton was later one of the peers at the trial of Mary, Queen of Scots. He was succeeded by his son, the second Baron. He served as Lord President of the Marches and of the Dominion of Wales and was also Lord Lieutenant of Warwickshire. In 1618 he was created Earl of Northampton in the Peerage of England.

His son, the second Earl, was a supporter of King James I and served as Master of the Robes to Charles, Prince of Wales (later King Charles I). He fought in the Civil War and was killed at the Battle of Hopton Heath in 1643. He was succeeded by his son, the third Earl. He also fought as a Royalist in the Civil War and notably commanded the cavalry at the First Battle of Newbury in 1643. Lord Northampton was also Lord Lieutenant of Warwickshire and Constable of the Tower of London. His eldest son, the fourth Earl, also served as Constable of the Tower of London and as Lord Lieutenant of Warwickshire.

His eldest son, the fifth Earl, briefly represented Warwick in the House of Commons but in 1711 he was summoned to the House of Lords through a writ of acceleration in his father's junior title of Baron Compton. He married Elizabeth, 14th Baroness Ferrers of Chartley. They had no sons and Lord Northampton was succeeded in the barony of Compton, which could be passed on through female lines, by his daughter Lady Charlotte. The earldom passed to his younger brother, the sixth Earl. He had earlier represented Tamworth and Northampton in Parliament.

He was childless and was succeeded by his nephew, the seventh Earl. He was the son of the Hon. Charles Compton, third son of the fourth Earl. Lord Northampton died childless at an early age and was succeeded by his younger brother, the eighth Earl. He briefly represented Northampton in the House of Commons before he inherited the earldom and also served as Lord Lieutenant of Northamptonshire. His son, the ninth Earl, sat as Member of Parliament for Northampton and served as Lord Lieutenant of Northamptonshire. In 1812 he was created Baron Wilmington, of Wilmington in the County of Sussex, Earl Compton, of Compton in the County of Warwick, and Marquess of Northampton. These titles were in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.

On his death the titles passed to his son, the second Marquess. He represented Northampton in Parliament but is best remembered as a patron of science and the arts. Between 1838 and 1848 he served as President of the Royal Society. Lord Northampton married Margaret Douglas-Maclean-Clephane, daughter of Major-General Douglas Maclean Clephane. He was succeeded by his eldest son, the third Marquess. In 1831 he assumed by Royal licence the additional and principal surname of Douglas. When he died the titles were inherited by his younger brother, the fourth Marquess. He was an Admiral in the Royal Navy. Lord Northampton assumed in 1851 by Royal licence the additional surname of Maclean and in 1878 upon succeeding to the titles that of Douglas.

He was succeeded by his second but eldest surviving son, the fifth Marquess. He represented Stratford-on-Avon and Barnsley in Parliament as a Liberal and served as Lord Lieutenant of Warwickshire. As of 2010 the titles are held by his grandson, the seventh Marquess, who succeeded his father in 1978.

Other notable members of the Compton family

Several other members of the Compton family have gained distinction. Henry Compton, sixth son of the second Earl of Northampton, was Bishop of London. Spencer Compton, 1st Earl of Wilmington, Prime Minister of Great Britain from 1742 to 1743, was the third son of the third Earl. Catherine Compton, daughter of the Hon. Charles Compton, third son of the fourth Earl, was created Baroness Arden in 1770. She was the wife of John Perceval, 2nd Earl of Egmont, and the mother of another Prime Minister, Spencer Perceval. Lord Alwyne Compton, fourth son of the second Marquess, was Bishop of Ely. Lord Alwyne Compton, third son of the fourth Marquess, was a Unionist politician. He was the father of Captain Edward Robert Francis Compton. The latter married as his first wife Sylvia, daughter of Alexander Haldane Farquharson. Their son Alwyne Arthur Compton was officially recognised by warrant of the Lord Lyon in the surname of Farquharson of Invercauld and as Chief of Clan Farquharson in 1949.

Estates

The Compton family are major land owners. Their two major estates are Castle Ashby in Northamptonshire and Compton Wynyates in Warwickshire.

Marquesses of Northampton, first Creation (1547)

Barons Compton (1572)

Earls of Northampton (1618)

Marquesses of Northampton, second Creation (1812)

The heir apparent is the present holder's son Daniel Compton, Earl Compton (b. 1973)

Line of succession

  1. Daniel Bingham Compton, Earl Compton (b. 1973) (only son of the 7th Marquess)
  2. James William Compton (b. 1974) (only son of Lord William James Bingham Compton, younger son of the 6th Marquess)
  3. Alwyne Arthur Compton Farquharson of Invercauld (b. 1919) (grandson of Lord Alwyne Frederick Compton, third son of the 4th Marquess)
  4. Robert Edward John Compton (b. 1922) (younger brother of Alwyne Compton Farquharson of Invercauld)
  5. James Alwyn Compton (b. 1953) (elder son of Robert Compton)
  6. Philip Compton (b. 1980) (elder son of James Alwyn Compton)
  7. Frederick Alwynne Compton (b. 1996) (younger son of James Alwyn Compton)
  8. Richard Clephane Compton (b. 1957) (younger son of Robert Compton)
  9. Orlando Edward de Grey Compton (b. 1986) (elder son of Richard Compton)
  10. Ludovic Hugh Compton (b. 1989) (younger son of Richard Compton)

There are no further heirs to any of the titles.

See also

References


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Marquess of Northampton — William Parr, 1. Marquess of Northampton Marquess of Northampton ist ein englischer Adelstitel, der zweimal vergeben wurde. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 William Parr …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Spencer Compton, 2nd Marquess of Northampton — Spencer Joshua Alwyne Compton, 2nd Marquess of Northampton (2 January 1790 ndash;17 January 1851), known as Lord Compton from 1796 to 1812 and as Earl Compton from 1812 to 1828, was a British nobleman and patron of science and the arts.The second …   Wikipedia

  • Charles Compton, 1st Marquess of Northampton — (24 March 1760 – 24 May 1828), known as Lord Compton from 1763 to 1796 and as the 9th Earl of Northampton from 1796 to 1812, was a British peer and politician. Northampton was the son of Spencer Compton, 8th Earl of Northampton, and his wife Jane …   Wikipedia

  • Spencer Compton, 7th Marquess of Northampton — Infobox Person image size = 150px name = Spencer Compton, 7th Marquess of Northampton caption = birth name = Spencer Douglas David Compton birth date = birth date and age|1946|4|2|df=yes birth place = death date = death place = death cause =… …   Wikipedia

  • Charles Douglas-Compton, 3rd Marquess of Northampton — Charles Douglas Compton, 3rd Marquess of Northampton, DL (26 May 1816 – 3 March 1877),[1] styled Earl Compton from birth until 1851, was a British peer. Born Charles Compton at Parliament Street, London, he was the son of Spencer Compton, 2nd… …   Wikipedia

  • William Compton, 6th Marquess of Northampton — William Bingham Compton, 6th Marquess of Northampton DSO (August 6 1885 30 January 1978), known as Earl Compton from 1897 to 1913, was a British peer and soldier.Northampton was the eldest son of William George Spencer Scott Compton, 5th Marquess …   Wikipedia

  • William Compton, 5th Marquess of Northampton — William George Spencer Scott Compton, 5th Marquess of Northampton KG (23 April 1851 – 15 June 1913), known as Lord William Compton from 1877 to 1887 and as Earl Compton from 1887 to 1897, was a British peer and Liberal politician. Northampton was …   Wikipedia

  • William Compton, 4th Marquess of Northampton — KG (20 August 1818 11 September 1897), known as Lord William Compton from 1828 to 1877, was a British peer and naval commander. Northampton was the second son of Spencer Joshua Alwyne Compton, 2nd Marquess of Northampton, and his wife Margaret… …   Wikipedia

  • William Parr, 1st Marquess of Northampton — and 1st Earl of Essex KG (c. 1512 ndash; October 28 1571) was the son of Sir Thomas Parr and his wife, Maud Green, daughter of Sir Thomas Green, of Broughton and Green s Norton, and brother of Katherine Parr, the sixth and final wife of Henry… …   Wikipedia

  • Charles Compton, 3rd Marquess of Northampton — Charles Douglas Compton, 3rd Marquess of Northampton (26 May 1816 ndash; 3 March 1877) was a British peer. The son of the 2nd Marquess of Northampton and Margaret Douglas Maclean Clephane, he succeeded to his father s titles in 1851. Compton… …   Wikipedia


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