Fazenda


Fazenda

Fazenda is a Portuguese word for 'farm', but is used in the English language for the coffee estates that spread within the interior of Brazil between 1840 and 1896, which created major export commodities for Brazilian trade, but also led to intensification of slavery in Brazil.

Creation of fazendas

In the mid 1800s, Brazil had been undergoing an economic transformation brought about by a new export crop: coffee. Coffee provided a new basis for agricultural expansion in southern Brazil. In the provinces of Rio de Janeiro and then São Paulo, coffee estates, or "fazendas", began to spread toward the interior as new lands were opened. By 1840, coffee made up more than 40% of Brazil's exports, and by 1880, that figure reached 60%.

Negative effects of the fazendas

Along with the expansion of coffee growing came an intensification of slavery in Brazil, as the country's primary form of labor. More than 1.4 million Africans were forced to be slaves in Brazil in the last 50 years of the slave trade, and even after the trans-Atlantic slave trade ended, slavery continued until 1888.

Positive effects of the fazendas

Because of the increased profit from the trade of coffee, the years after 1850 saw considerable growth and prosperity in Brazil. Dom Pedro II proved to be an enlightened man of middle-class habits who was anxious to reign over a tranquil and progressive nation, even if that tranquility was based on slave labor. Railroads, steamships and the telegraph were added in Brazil, all paid for by the money the fazendas supplied from their coffee crop. In growing cities such as Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo, merchants, lawyers, a middle class, and an urban working class grew, once again paid for by the money coming from the fazendas.

See also

* Agriculture in Brazil
* Hacienda
* Engenho

External links

* [http://www.historicfazendasbrazil.peervoss.de/ Historic Fazendas Today ]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • FAZENDA — La conquête des terres nouvelles a abouti, au Brésil, à la constitution de grosses propriétés ou fazendas , leur taille variant de 200 à 20 000 hectares; ainsi en 1912 la famille Prado possédait cinq millions de caféiers. Les fazendas couvrent la …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Fazenda — de Cachoeira (Alberto Henschel, vers 1875) Une fazenda est une grande propriété agricole au Brésil. La fazenda est un domaine agricole de grande taille qui est dédié aux cultures ou utilisé pour l élevage de bétail. Dans les deux cas, il s agit d …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Fazenda — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Fazenda Concelho Lajes das Flores Área 9,43 km² Población 278 hab. (2001) Densidad 29,5 hab./km² …   Wikipedia Español

  • fazendă — FAZÉNDĂ s.f. (Rar) Plantaţie vastă din Brazilia. [< port., fr. fazenda]. Trimis de LauraGellner, 21.03.2005. Sursa: DN  FAZÉNDĂ s. f. plantaţie vastă de trestie de zahăr, cacao sau cafea etc. în Brazilia. (< port., fr. fazenda) Trimis de… …   Dicționar Român

  • Fazenda — (portug., spr. fasénnda; span. Hacienda), Landgut, besonders in Brasilien; F. real, königliches Gut, Staatsschatz; Fazendeiro, Besitzer einer F …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Fazenda — (portug., spr. fas ), Landgut, bes. in Brasilien; F. real, Staatsschatz; Fazendeĭro, Besitzer einer F …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • fazenda — s. f. 1. Bens, haveres. 2. Herdade destinada a grande cultura. 3. Finanças públicas. 4. Tecido; pano; estofo. 5. Mercadoria. 6. Gêneros destinados à venda. 7.  [Antigo] Peleja; ação. 8. Reputação de mulher honesta. 9.  [Portugal: Trás os Montes]… …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • fazenda — /port. faˈzẽnda/ s. f. inv. azienda agricola, fattoria, tenuta, farm (ingl.), hacienda (sp.), ranch (ingl.), rancho (sp.) …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • Fazenda — Als Fazenda (port. für: Rinderfarm) wird im Allgemeinen ein landwirtschaftlicher Großbetrieb in Brasilien bezeichnet. In der Regel wird in diesen Großbetrieben Viehzucht betrieben. Die brasilianische Regierung vergab zur Verbesserung der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • fazenda — 1. Ele possui uma fazenda de 40 hectares. (propriedade rural) ◘ He owns a 100 acre farm. 2. Eles fabricam uma fazenda de algodão reforçada, usada para confeccionar calças de brim. (tecido) ◘ They make a strong cotton fabric used for making jeans …   Palavras de múltiplo sentido


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.