United Kingdom general election, 1935


United Kingdom general election, 1935

Infobox Election
election_name = United Kingdom general election, 1935
country = United Kingdom
type = parliamentary
ongoing = no
previous_election = United Kingdom general election, 1931
previous_year = 1931
previous_mps = MPs elected in the United Kingdom general election, 1931
next_election = United Kingdom general election, 1945
next_year = 1945
next_mps = MPs elected in the United Kingdom general election, 1945
seats_for_election = All 616 seats to the House of Commons
election_date = 14 November 1935



leader1 = Stanley Baldwin
leader_since1 = 23 May 1923
party1 = Conservative Party (UK)
leaders_seat1 = Bewdley
last_election1 = 473 seats, 55%
seats1 = 386
seat_change1 = -83
popular_vote1 = 10,025,083
percentage1 = 47.8%
swing1 = %



leader2 = Clement Attlee
leader_since2 = 25 October 1935
party2 = Labour Party (UK)
leaders_seat2 = Limehouse
last_election2 = 52 seats, 30.8%
seats2 = 154
seat_change2 = +102
popular_vote2 = 7,984,988
percentage2 = 38%
swing2 = %



leader3 = Sir Herbert Samuel
leader_since3 = 1931
party3 = Liberal Party (UK)
leaders_seat3 = Darwen (defeated)
last_election3 = 33 seats, 6.5%
seats3 = 21
seat_change3 = -12
popular_vote3 = 1,414,010
percentage3 = 6.7%
swing3 = %
title = PM
before_election = Stanley Baldwin
before_party = Conservative Party (UK)
after_election = Stanley Baldwin
after_party = Conservative Party (UK)
The UK general election held on 14 November 1935 resulted in a large, though reduced, majority for the National Government now led by Conservative Stanley Baldwin. The greatest number of MPs, as before, were Conservative, while the National Liberal vote held steady. The National Labour vote collapsed, and even leader Ramsay MacDonald lost his seat.

Labour, under what was then regarded internally as the caretaker leadership of Clement Attlee, made large gains over their very poor showing in the 1931 general election. The Liberals continued their slow political demise and lost further ground, with their leader Sir Herbert Samuel losing his own seat (see Liberal Party section).

The Independent Labour Party stood separately from Labour for the first time since 1895, while the Scottish National Party contested their first election, and the Communist Party gained their first parliamentary seat in almost ten years, West Fife.

The major election issues were the continuing unemployment problems and the role of the League of Nations, particularly as regarding the Empire of Japan.

Due to the Second World War, the 1935 elected House was to sit until 1945.

Results

Election Summary Party with Candidates
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidates = 515
seats = 386
gain =
loss =
net = - 83
votes = 10,025,083
votes % = 47.8
seats % =
plus/minus = -7.2
government = yes
Election Summary Party with Candidates
party = Labour Party (UK)
candidates = 552
seats = 154
gain =
loss =
net = + 102
votes = 7,984,988
votes % = 38.0
seats % =
plus/minus = +7.4
Election Summary Party with Candidates
party = Liberal Party (UK)
candidates = 161
seats = 21
gain =
loss =
net = - 11
votes = 1,414,010
votes % = 6.7
seats % =
plus/minus = -0.3
Election Summary Party with Candidates
party = National Liberal Party (UK)
candidates = 44
seats = 33
gain =
loss =
net = - 2
votes = 784,608
votes % = 3.7
seats % =
plus/minus = +0.1
government = yes
Election Summary Party with Candidates
party = National Labour Party (UK 1930s)
candidates = 20
seats = 8
gain = 1
loss = 6
net = - 5
votes = 321,028
votes % = 1.5
seats % =
plus/minus = 0.0
government = yes
Election Summary Party with Candidates
party = Independent Labour Party
candidates = 17
seats = 4
gain = 1
loss = 2
net = - 1
votes = 136,208
votes % = 0.7
seats % =
plus/minus = -0.5
Election Summary Party with Candidates
party = UK National Government
candidates = 4
seats = 3
gain =
loss =
net = 1
votes = 53,189
votes % = 0.3
seats % =
plus/minus = -0.2
government = yes
Election Summary Party with Candidates
party = Nationalist Party (Northern Ireland)
candidates = 2
seats = 2
gain = 0
loss = 0
net = 0
votes = 50,747
votes % = 0.2
seats % =
plus/minus = -0.1
Election Summary Party with Candidates
party = Independent Republican (Ireland)
candidates = 3
seats = 0
gain = 0
loss = 0
net = 0
votes = 46,715
votes % = 0.2
seats % =
plus/minus = "N/A"
Election Summary with Candidates
party = National Independent
candidates = 2
seats = 2
gain = 0
loss = 0
net = 0
votes = 33,527
votes % = 0.2
seats % =
plus/minus = "N/A"
Election Summary Party with Candidates
party = Scottish National Party
candidates = 8
seats = 0
gain = 0
loss = 0
net = 0
votes = 29,517
votes % = 0.2
seats % =
plus/minus = 0.0
Election Summary Party with Candidates
party = Independent Conservative
candidates = 2
seats = 0
gain = 0
loss = 0
net = 0
votes = 27,721
votes % = 0.1
seats % =
plus/minus = "N/A"
Election Summary Party with Candidates
party = Communist Party of Great Britain
candidates = 2
seats = 1
gain = 1
loss = 0
net = 0
votes = 27,177
votes % = 0.1
seats % =
plus/minus = -0.2
Election Summary Party with Candidates
party = Independent (politician)
candidates = 8
seats = 2
gain = 1
loss = 0
net = 0
votes = 17,113
votes % = 0.1
seats % =
plus/minus = +0.1
Election Summary Party with Candidates
party = Independent Labour
candidates = 1
seats = 0
gain = 0
loss = 0
net = 0
votes = 14,867
votes % = 0.1
seats % =
plus/minus = 0.0
Election Summary with Candidates
party = Liverpool Protestant
candidates = 1
seats = 0
gain = 0
loss = 0
net = 0
votes = 6,677
votes % = 0.0
seats % =
plus/minus = 0.0
Election Summary Party with Candidates
party = Independent Progressive
candidates = 1
seats = 0
gain = 0
loss = 0
net = 0
votes = 6,421
votes % = 0.0
seats % =
plus/minus = "N/A"
Election Summary with Candidates
party = Social Credit
candidates = 1
seats = 0
gain = 0
loss = 0
net = 0
votes = 3,642
votes % = 0.0
seats % =
plus/minus = "N/A"
Election Summary Party with Candidates
party = Plaid Cymru
candidates = 1
seats = 0
gain = 0
loss = 0
net = 0
votes = 2,534
votes % = 0.0
seats % =
plus/minus = 0.0
Election Summary Party with Candidates
party = Independent Liberal
candidates = 1
seats = 0
gain = 0
loss = 0
net = 0
votes = 2,525
votes % = 0.0
seats % =
plus/minus = 0.0
Election Summary with Candidates
party = Agriculturalist
candidates = 1
seats = 0
gain = 0
loss = 0
net = 0
votes = 1,771
votes % = 0.0
seats % =
plus/minus = "N/A"
Election Summary with Candidates
party = Christian Socialist
candidates = 1
seats = 0
gain = 0
loss = 0
net = 0
votes = 1,480
votes % = 0.0
seats % =
plus/minus = "N/A"
Election Summary with Candidates
party = "National Government (total)"
candidates = "583"
seats = "430"
gain =
loss =
net =
votes = "11,181,466"
votes % = "53.3"
seats % =
plus/minus =
government = yes

"Total votes cast: 20,991,488. All parties shown. Conservatives include Ulster Unionists. Seats won by the Independent Labour Party (ILP) are compared with those won by ILP candidates within Labour in the previous parliament."

References

*F. W. S. Craig, "British Electoral Facts: 1832-1987"
* [http://www.election.demon.co.uk/geresults.html United Kingdom election results - summary results 1885-1979]

ee also

*MPs elected in the United Kingdom general election, 1935

External links

* [http://www.conservativemanifesto.com/1935/1935-conservative-manifesto.shtml 1935 Conservative manifesto]
* [http://www.labour-party.org.uk/manifestos/1935/1935-labour-manifesto.shtml 1935 Labour manifesto]
* [http://www.libdemmanifesto.com/1935/1935-liberal-manifesto.shtml 1935 Liberal manifesto]


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