Makhnovism


Makhnovism

Makhnovism refers to various related political and economic theories elaborated by anarchist revolutionary leader Nestor Makhno, and by other theorists (Peter Arshinov etc.) who claim to be carrying on Makhno's work. Makhnovism builds upon and elaborates the ideas of Peter Kropotkin, and serves as the philosophical basis for anarchist communism. It is also the philosophical basis for Makhno's contribution to platformism. In early 1918, the new Bolshevik government in Russia signed the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk making peace with the Central Powers, but ceding large amounts of territory to them, including Ukraine. The people living in Ukraine did not want to be ruled by the Central Powers, and so rebelled. Partisan units were formed that waged guerilla war against the Germans and Austrians. This rebellion turned into an anarchist revolution. Nestor Makhno was one of the main organizers of these partisan groups, who united into the Revolutionary Insurrectionary Army of Ukraine (RPAU), also called the Black Army (because they fought under the anarchist black flag) and "Makhnovists" or "Makhnovshchina". The RIAU also battled against the Whites and anti-semitic pogromists. In areas where the RIAU drove out opposing armies, villagers (and workers) sought to abolish capitalism and the state through organizing themselves into village assemblies, communes and councils. Land and factories were expropriated and workers' self-management implemented. The economy the Makhnovists in Ukraine implemented was based on free exchange between rural and urban communities.

Related topics

Sources


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Nestor Makhno — Free Territory In office January 5, 1919 – August 28, 1921 Personal details Born October 26, 1888 …   Wikipedia

  • Platformism — Part of the Politics series on Anarchism …   Wikipedia

  • Revolutionary Insurrectionary Army of Ukraine — Participant in Russian Civil War Ukrainian Revolution Army flag with motto: Death to all who stand in the way of freedom for working p …   Wikipedia

  • Makhnovshchina — ( Makhnov s [sthg.] , after Nestor Makhno) may refer to: Makhnovism Revolutionary Insurrectionary Army of Ukraine Free Territory of Ukraine (1919 1921) This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the same title. If an …   Wikipedia

  • Maria Nikiforova — Maria Grigor evna Nikiforova Maria Nikiforova. Its origin unclear, this photo is believed to have been taken in Yelizavetgrad (c. 1918).[ …   Wikipedia

  • Free Territory — This article is about the anarchist society in revolutionary Ukraine. For other uses, see Free Territory (disambiguation). Free Territory Вільна територія ← …   Wikipedia

  • Dielo Truda — (Workers Cause) was an anarchist and platformist journal first published 1925 by a society called the Group of Russian Anarchists Abroad. Russian political exiles formed the group in Paris after the Russian Revolution of 1917. Among the members… …   Wikipedia

  • State ideology of the Soviet Union — Soviet Union This article is part of the series: Politics and government of the Soviet Union …   Wikipedia