Cambro-Norman is a term used for Norman knights who settled in southern Wales after the Norman conquest of England in 1066. Some historians suggest that the term is to be preferred to Anglo-Norman for the Normans who invaded Ireland after 1170 — many of whom originated in Wales.[1] However, the term is anachronistic. Contemporary Irish accounts of this period simply called the incomers as Saxain, which means "English".[2]

The most prominent example is Richard "Strongbow" de Clare, whose lands in Wales centred around Pembroke and who led the Norman invasion of Ireland.

In addition to such Cambro-Norman lords, some of Ireland's most prominent families, including Walsh, Joyce and Griffith, were indigenous Welsh families who came with the Norman invasion. Other indigenous Welsh surnames such as Taaffe which came at this time became very important families within the Pale community.

However, probably the most well known Cambro-Norman surname, also called Hiberno-Norman, is FitzGerald. See Maurice FitzGerald, Lord of Lanstephan.

See also


  1. ^ Bradley,, John; Francis X. Martin (1988). Settlement and society in medieval Ireland: studies presented to F.X. Martin. Studies in Irish archaeology and history. 2 of Irish studies. Boethius Press,. pp. 193. ISBN 9780863141430. Retrieved 07/11/09. 
  2. ^ Flanagan, M.T. (2005), "Anglo-Norman Invasion", in Duffy, S.; MacShamhráin, A.; Moynes, J., Medieval Ireland: An Encyclopedia, New York: Routledge, pp. 17–19, ISBN 0-415-94052-4 

External links

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