List of ethnic groups in Burma

List of ethnic groups in Burma
An ethnolinguistic map of Burma

Burma (Myanmar) is an ethnically diverse nation with 135 distinct ethnic groups officially recognized by the Burmese government. These are grouped into eight "major national ethnic races":

  1. Kachin
  2. Kayah
  3. Kayin
  4. Chin
  5. Mon
  6. Bamar
  7. Rakhine
  8. Shan[1]

The "major national ethnic races" are grouped primarily according to region rather than linguistic or ethnic affiliation, as for example the Shan Major National Ethnic Race includes 33 ethnic groups speaking languages in at least four widely differing language families.[2][2]

Many unrecognised ethnic groups exist, the largest being the Burmese Chinese and Panthay (who together form 3% of the population), Burmese Indians (who form 2% of the population), Anglo-Burmese, Gurkha and Rohingya. There are no official statistics regarding the population of the latter two groups, although unofficial estimates place around 52,000 Anglo-Burmese in Burma with around 1.6 million outside of the country.

Ethnic Composition in Myanmar (Rough Estimate)
Bamar
  
68%
Shan
  
9%
Kayin
  
7%
Rakhine
  
3.5%
Chinese
  
2.5%
Mon
  
2%
Kachin
  
1.5%
Indians
  
1.25%
Kayah
  
0.75%
Other groups including
Wa, Naga, Lahu, Lisu and Palaung
  
4.5%

Contents

Alphabetical list

  1. Anu
  2. Anun
  3. Asho (Plain)
  4. Atsi
  5. Awa Khami
  6. Bamar (Burman) i.e. the main ethno-linguistic group in Burma
  7. Beik
  8. Bre (Ka-Yaw)
  9. Bwe
  10. Chin
  11. Dai (Yindu)
  12. Daignet people
  13. Dalaung
  14. Danaw (also spelled Danau)
  15. Danu
  16. Dawei
  17. Dim
  18. Duleng
  19. Eik-swair
  20. En (sometimes spelled Eng)
  21. Ganan
  22. Gheko
  23. Guari
  24. Gunte (Lyente)
  25. Gwete
  26. Haulngo
  27. Hkahku
  28. Hkun (also spelled Khün)
  29. Hpon
  30. Intha
  31. Jinghpaw
  32. Kachin (Jingpo)
  33. Kadu (Kado)
  34. Ka-Lin-Kaw (Lushay)
  35. Kamein
  36. Kaung Saing Chin
  37. Kaungso
  38. Kaw (Akha-E-Kaw)
  39. Kayah (also known as Karenni)
  40. Kayin (Karen)
  41. Kayinpyu (Geba Karen)
  42. Ka-Yun (also spelled Kayan; Padaung)
  43. Kebar
  44. Khami
  45. Khamti Shan
  46. Khmu (Khamu)
  47. Khawno
  48. Kokang (sometimes spelled Kokant)
  49. Kwangli (Sim)
  50. Kwelshin
  51. Kwe Myi
  52. Kwi
  53. Lahu
  54. Lai (Haka Chin)
  55. Laizao
  56. Lashi (La Chit)
  57. Lawhtu
  58. Laymyo
  59. Lhinbu
  60. Lisu
  61. Lushei (Lushay)
  62. Lyente
  63. Magun
  64. Maingtha
  65. Malay
  66. Malin
  67. Manu Manaw
  68. Man Zi
  69. Maramagyi
  70. Maru (Lawgore)
  71. Matu
  72. Maw Shan
  73. Meitei (also spelled Meithei or Kathe)
  74. Mgan
  75. Mi-er
  76. Mara (Also known to outsiders as Miram, Shendu, Lakher, etc.)
  77. Moken (also spelled Salon or Salone)
  78. Mon
  79. Monnepwa
  80. Monpwa
  81. Mon Kayin (Sarpyu)
  82. Mro
  83. Naga
  84. Ngorn
  85. Oo-Pu
  86. Paku
  87. Palaung
  88. Pale
  89. Pa-Le-Chi
  90. Panun
  91. Pa-O
  92. Pyin
  93. Rakhine (Arakanese)
  94. Rawang
  95. Rongtu
  96. Saing Zan
  97. Saline
  98. Sentang
  99. Sgaw
  100. Shan
  101. Shan Gale
  102. Shan Gyi
  103. Shu (Pwo Kayin)
  104. Son
  105. Tai-Loi
  106. Tai-Lem
  107. Tai-Lon
  108. Tai-Lay
  109. Taishon
  110. Ta-Lay-Pwa
  111. Tanghkul
  112. Tapong
  113. Taron - the so-called "Tibetan pigmies"
  114. Taungyo
  115. Tay-Zan
  116. Thado
  117. Thet
  118. Tiddim (Hai-Dim)
  119. Torr (also spelled Tawr)
  120. Wa (Va)
  121. Wakim (Mro)
  122. Yabein
  123. Yao
  124. Yaw
  125. Yin Baw
  126. Yin Kya
  127. Yin Net
  128. Yin Talai
  129. Yun (Lao)
  130. Za-How
  131. Zahnyet (Zanniet)
  132. Zayein
  133. Zizan
  134. Zo
  135. Zo-Pe
  136. Zotung

List grouped by language family

Sino-Tibetan

Tai–Kadai

  • Tai
    • Shan
    • Hkun (also spelled Khün)
    • Khamti Shan
    • Thai

Hmong–Mien

Austro-Asiatic

Austronesian

Indo-European

Unrecognized ethnic groups

As in the People's Republic of China, the government of Burma does not recognize several ethnic groups as being among the list of 135 officially recognized ethnic groups:

See also

References

  1. ^ Retrieved from Myanmar Ministry of Hotels and Tourism webpage at
  2. ^ For example, the Shan speak a Tai–Kadai language, the Lahu speak a Tibeto-Burman language, the Khamu speak a Mon–Khmer language, and the Yao speak a Hmong–Mien language.
  3. ^ [1] states that the Kamein "descended from Indian archer-warriors who served Arakan emperors during sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, and consisted originally of Afghan Pathans, Moguls, Bengalis and many other Indo-Aryan races of north India."

External links


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