- Giuliano Amato
Infobox Prime Minister
honorific-prefix = Onorevole
name = Giuliano Amato
Italian Minister of the Interior
17 May 2006
May 8, 2008
deputy = Marco Minniti
order2 = 71st and 77th
Prime Minister of Italy
Carlo Azeglio Ciampi
25 April 2000
11 June 2001
Oscar Luigi Scalfaro
28 June 1992
28 April 1993
Carlo Azeglio Ciampi
Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs
July 29, 1992
August 1, 1992
primeminister4 = "Himself"
June 6, 2001
June 11, 2001
primeminister5 = "Himself"
order6 = Italian Minister of the Exchequer and Deputy Prime Minister
Ciriaco De Mita
successor6 = Guido Carli
July 7, 1987
July 22, 1989
order7 = Italian Minister for Institutional Reforms
predecessor7 = Franco Bassanini
successor7 = Antonio Maccanico
November 21, 1998
May 13, 1999
order8 = Italian Minister of exchequer, budget and economy programming
Carlo Azeglio Ciampi
successor8 = Vincenzo Visco
May 13, 1999
April 25, 2000
order 9 = Italian Minister of University and Research
primeminister9 = "Himself"
predecessor9 = Ortensio Zecchino
February 2, 2001
July 11, 2001
order10 = Member of the Chamber of deputies
constituency10 = XII - Toscana
April 21, 2006
birth_date = Birth date and age|1938|5|13|mf=y
nationality = Italian
Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies
profession = University professor
children = Elisa Amato
spouse = Diana Vincenzi
party = Democratic Party
Giuliano Amato (born
May 13, 1938) is an Italian politician. He was Prime Minister of Italytwice, first from 1992 to 1993 and then from 2000 to 2001. He was more recently Vice President of the Convention on the Future of Europethat drafted the new European Constitutionand headed the Amato Group. He is commonly nicknamed "dottor Sottile", (which means both "Dr. Thin" and " Doctor Subtilis", a joke about both his physical thinness and his political insightfulness). From 2006 to 2008, he was the Minister of the Interior in Romano Prodi's government.
Turin, Amato grew up in Tuscany. He received a first degree in law from the University of Pisain 1960, while attending the prestigious Collegio Medico-Giuridico, now Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies, and a masters degree in comparative law from Columbia Universityin 1963. After teaching at the Universities of Modena, Perugia and Florence, he worked as professor of Italian and Comparative Constitutional Law at the University of Rome La Sapienzafrom 1975 to 1997.
Amato began his political career in 1958, when he joined the
Italian Socialist Party. He was a Member of Parliament from 1983 to 1993. He was Undersecretary of State to the Prime Minister's office from 1983 to 1987, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for the Treasury from 1987 to 1988, then again Treasury Minister, from 1988 to 1989.
From June 1992 to April 1993, Amato served as Prime Minister. During those ten months, a series of corruption scandals rocked Italy and swept away almost an entire class of political leaders. Amato himself was never implicated, notwithstanding how close he was to
Bettino Craxi, a central figure in the corruption system.
As Prime Minister, Amato responded effectively to two
devaluations of the Lira in the wake of currency speculationthat led Italy to be expelled from the European Monetary Systemby cutting the budget deficitdrastically, thus taking the first steps in the road that would bring Italy to adopt the Euro. He asked Italians "to put one hand on their hearts and get their wallets out with the other" to save the country from bankruptcy.
At a point, his government was harshly contested because of a
decreethat suddenly moved the competence for corruption investigations into the hands of the police, which, being controlled directly by the government, would have not been independent. Fearing that the new system would have effectively blocked investigations on political corruption, Italians took to the streets in massive, spontaneous rallies. President Oscar Luigi Scalfarorefused to sign the decree, deeming it blatantly unconstitutional. While his justice minister Giovanni Consotook the blame, it has been disputed whether Amato was a victim of circumstances or whether he really wanted to save the corruption-ridden system.
At the end of his period as Prime Minister, Amato gave a speech to the Parliament in which he solemnly promised that at end of his term he would retire from politics, stressing that his was a true commitment and that he would not break this promise as some politicians (whom he characterized as "mandarins") used to do. However, this promise was short-lived; Amato has regularly come under criticism for having made such a solemn commitment and failìng to keep it.
Amato was President of the Italian
antitrustauthority from November 1994 to December 1997, Minister for Institutional Reforms in Massimo D'Alema's first government from October 1998 to May 1999, and, once again, Treasury Minister in D'Alema's second government from December 1999 to April 2000. Amato was nearly elected President of the Republic and was a close contender to replace Michel Camdessusas head of the International Monetary Fund.
Amato served as Prime Minister again from April 2000 to May 2001. He promoted economic competitiveness as well as social protection. In addition to economic reforms, he pushed ahead with political and institutional reforms, trying to deal with a weak executive and fragmented legislature.
In December 2001,
European Unionleaders at the European Councilin Laekenappointed Amato and former Belgian Prime Minister Jean-Luc Dehaeneto be Vice Presidents of the Convention on the Future of Europe to assist former French President Valéry Giscard d'Estaingin the drafting of the new European Constitution.
Amato was a Member of the Senate representing the constituency of
Grossetoin Tuscanyfrom 2001 to 2006. In 2006, he was elected to the Chamber of Deputies for the Olive Treelist, and he was named Minister of the Interior in Romano Prodi's centre-left government.
Amato is married to Ms Diana Amato, a professor of Family Law at the University of Rome. They have two children, Elisa and Lorenzo, and five grandchildren, Giulia, Marco, Simone, Elena and Irene.
* [http://www.geocities.com/giulianoamato/ Giuliano Amato Home Page (unofficial, in English and in Italian)]
* [http://www.project-syndicate.org/contributors/contributor_comm.php4?id=146 Giuliano Amato's Project Syndicate op/eds]
* [http://www.luiss.it/mes/faculty/giuliano-amato/ Giuliano Amato teaching at LUISS Guido Carli University in Rome for the Master in European Studies]
s-ttl|title=Member of the Italian Chamber of Deputies
XV|years=2006 - 2008))
title = Giuliano Amato
titlestyle = style="background:#eee;
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