- Le Parcq
name= Le Parcq
canton= Le Parcq
Communauté de communes de l'Hesdinois
alt moy=115 m
alt mini=27 m
alt maxi=113 m
Le Parcq is a commune and the chief town of a canton in the
Pas-de-Calais"département" in the Nord-Pas-de-Calaisregion of France.
A town some 18 miles(29km) southeast of
Montreuil-sur-Mer, on the N39 road, in the valley of the Ternoiseriver. Since the 1st January 2007, the canton of Le Parcq has been part of the arrondissement of Montreuil-sur-Mer(Order of 18th October 2006. Previously, Le Parcq was in the arrondissement of Arras.
The establishment of Le Parcq dates from the founding of a
castle(on the current site of Vieil-Hesdin) by Baldwin I of Constantinopleor Baudouin IX, [Count of Flanders] ] around the year 1208. It was a wooden enclosure surrounded by walls within which wild animals were placed in large numbers.
1219, Louis VIII of Franceexpanded the enclosure. Count Robert II of Artoisexpanding the park in 1293. In 1329, portculliswere installed at all the gates of the castle. Unfortunately, in 1335, Edward IIIdestroyed the castle just before the start of the Hundred Years War. This destruction was continued in 1337by Charles III of Navarrewho brought down the walls. In 1395, Philip II of Burgundyrestored the castle walls.
Several people were employed daily to feed the animals in the park which also had a vast
falconrycentre and two fishing lakes. The park totalled 940 hectares with a perimeter of approximately 8 miles (13km), opening onto the outside world by many gates.
After the destruction of
Vieil-Hesdinin) 1553by Charles V, the park was, at the initiative of Philippe V of France, made the parkland available to those displaced by the fall of the old town, who wished to build new homes on the parkland. To attract more people, tax benefits were given, on February 25th 1586to all those moving into the area.
Thus, the park became a
village, originally known as Parc-lès-Hesdin. The municipality was formally recognized in 1670and on February 8th 1816, Le Parcq also became chef-lieuof the canton by royal decree.
Places of interest
* The Château d'Estruval
16th centurychurch of St.Nicholas.
* Notre Dame de Bon Secours chapel dating from
* Notre Dame du Chêne chapel.
* Château of
Vieil-Hesdindating from the 11th century.
Communes of the Pas-de-Calais department
* [http://www.recensement.insee.fr/RP99/rp99/co_navigation.co_page?nivgeo=C&codgeo=62647&theme=ALL&typeprod=ALL&lang=FR&quelcas=LISTE Le Parcq on the Insee website] fr
* [http://www.quid.fr/communes.html?mode=detail&id=27135&req=Le_Parcq Le Parcq on the Quid website] fr
*"This article is based on the equivalent article from the
French Wikipedia, consulted on April 25th 2008."
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