James Hood


James Hood

James Hood (born c. 1943) was one of the first African Americans to enroll at the University of Alabama in 1963 and was made famous when Alabama Governor George Wallace tried to block them from entering, triggering a showdown with federal troops.

He was catapulted into the national spotlight on June 11, 1963, when, accompanied by federal marshals and the assistant U.S. Attorney General Nicholas deB. Katzenbach, he attempted to register for classes at the all-white university. [cite book |last=Blaustein |first=Albert P. |authorlink= |title=Civil Rights and African Americans: A Documentary History |publisher=Northwestern University Press |date=1991 |pages=483 |isbn=0810109204] He was barred from doing so when Alabama Governor George Wallace made good on his threat to "stand in the schoolhouse door" in an attempt to prevent racial integration of Alabama schools. [Citation |last= |first= |title=Alabama segregation date approaches |url=http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/2003-06-08-alabama-segregation_x.htm |publisher="USA Today" |date=2003-06-08 |accessdate=2007-11-23] Ultimately, Wallace stood aside, and Hood, along with Vivian Malone, was allowed to enroll. Hood left the university after only two months but returned in 1995 to earn his doctorate degree. [Citation |last= |first= |title=Civil rights pioneer Vivian Jones dies |url=http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/2005-10-13-jonesobit_x.htm |publisher="USA Today" |date=2005-10-13 |accessdate=2007-11-23] On May 17, 1997 he received his Ph.D.

In 1997, former Gov. Wallace planned to give Hood his degree, but poor health prevented Wallace from attending the ceremony. Wallace met with Hood in 1996 to apologize for his actions.Fact|date=March 2007 Hood himself was convinced that Wallace was sincere after that meeting, as he wrote in an interchange following the PBS documentary on Wallace, "Setting the Woods on Fire". Hood attended Wallace's funeral in 1998, imploring others to forgive Wallace as he had, [Citation |last=Bragg |first=Rick |title= Quietly, Alabama Troopers Escort Wallace for Last Time |url=http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D05E0D81F31F934A2575AC0A96E958260 |publisher="New York Times" |date=1998-09-17 |accessdate=2007-11-23] as Wallace had publicly apologized for his actions. [Citation |last=Leff |first=Mark |title=Wallace symbolized segregation, reconciliation |url=http://edition.cnn.com/US/9809/13/wallace/wallace.bio.html |publisher="CNN" |date=1998-09-10 |accessdate=2007-11-23]

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • James Hood (disambiguation) — James Hood may refer to:* James Hood (born c. 1943), one of the first two African Americans to enroll at the University of Alabama in 1963 during the American Civil Rights era * James Hood (football player), American, played in the Canadian… …   Wikipedia

  • James Hood (football player) — James Hood is a former receiver in the Canadian Football League.A graduate of Arizona State University, Hood came to Canada in 1985 and played with the Winnipeg Blue Bombers. He moved to the Montreal Alouettes in 1986, where in 18 games he caught …   Wikipedia

  • Hood (people) — Hood is a surname, and may refer to:* Adam Hood, musician * Admiral Hood, any of several officers (of that name) of the Royal Navy * Alan Hood, a professor at St. Andrews University in Scotland * Alex Hood, aka Alex Hodd, a Canadian actor *… …   Wikipedia

  • James Robertson Justice — (* 15. Juni 1907 in Lewisham, Kent als James Harold Norval Robertson Justice; † 2. Juli 1975 in Romsey, Hampshire) war ein britischer Ornithologe und Schauspieler. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Biografie 2 Journalist und Freiheitskämpfer …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hood Canal — is a fjord off Puget Sound in the U.S. state of Washington. It is sometimes considered to be one of the four main basins of Puget Sound. [ftp://dnr.metrokc.gov/dnr/library/2001/kcr762/PDFELEMENTS/SONR03.pdf Features Of Puget Sound Region:… …   Wikipedia

  • Hood (Familienname) — Hood ist ein Familienname. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Bekannte Namensträger 1.1 Britische Seefahrerfamilie 1.2 Weitere Namensträger 1.3 Fiktive Personen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • James Longstreet — James Longstreet, dit Old War Horse, né en Caroline du Sud, le 8 janvier 1821, mort à Gainesville (Géorgie), le 2 janvier 1904, était un des principaux généraux confédérés ou sudis …   Wikipédia en Français

  • James Robertson Justice — est un acteur écossais, né le 15 juin 1905 à Wigtown, Dumfries and Galloway, et décédé le 2 juillet 1975 à Winchester (Royaume Uni). Biographie Cette section est vide, insuffisamment détaillée ou incomplète. Votre aide est la bienvenue !… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • James I of England and religious issues — James VI and I (James Stuart) (June 19, 1566 – March 27, 1625), King of Scots, King of England, and King of Ireland, faced many complicated religious challenges during his reigns in Scotland and England. In Scotland, he inherited a developing… …   Wikipedia

  • James Jesus Angleton — [ Jesus is pronounced in the Spanish manner, heh SOOS.] (December 9, 1917 ndash; May 12, 1987), known to colleagues as Jim and nicknamed the Kingfisher , was a long serving chief of the Central Intelligence Agency s (CIA) counter intelligence… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.