Coronal consonant


Coronal consonant
Places of
articulation

Labial
Bilabial
Labial–velar
Labial–coronal
Labiodental
Dentolabial

Bidental

Coronal
Linguolabial
Interdental
Dental
Denti-alveolar
Alveolar
Postalveolar
Palato-alveolar
Alveolo-palatal
Retroflex

Dorsal
Palatal
Labial–palatal
Velar
Uvular
Uvular–epiglottal

Radical
Pharyngeal
Epiglotto-pharyngeal
Epiglottal

Glottal
Tongue shape

Apical
Laminal
Subapical

Lateral
Sulcal

Palatal
Pharyngeal

See also: Manner of articulation
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Coronal consonants are consonants articulated with the flexible front part of the tongue. Only the coronal consonants can be divided into apical (using the tip of the tongue), laminal (using the blade of the tongue), domed (with the tongue bunched up), or subapical (using the underside of the tongue), as well as a few rarer orientations[which?], because only the front of the tongue has such dexterity. Coronals also have another dimension, grooved, that is used to make sibilants in combination with the orientations above. In Arabic and Maltese philology the sun letters represent coronal consonants.

Places of articulation

Coronal places of articulation include the dental consonants at the upper teeth, the alveolar consonants at the upper gum (the alveolar ridge), the various postalveolar consonants (domed palato-alveolar, laminal alveolo-palatal, and apical retroflex) just behind that, the true retroflex consonants curled back against the hard palate, and linguolabial consonants with the tongue against the upper lip.

Familiar coronal consonants
(missing: linguolabial, alveolo-palatal, retroflex)
IPA
Symbol
Name of the consonant Example IPA
z Voiced alveolar fricative zoo /zʊŭ/
s Voiceless alveolar fricative sea /siː/
ð Voiced dental fricative that /ðæt/
θ Voiceless dental fricative thud /θʌd/
ʒ Voiced postalveolar fricative vision /vɪʒən/
ʃ Voiceless postalveolar fricative she /ʃiː/
n Alveolar nasal name /neɪm/
d Voiced alveolar plosive day /deɪ/
t Voiceless alveolar plosive tea /tiː/
ɹ Alveolar approximant reef /ɹiːf/
l Lateral alveolar approximant lift /lɪft/
r Alveolar trill Spanish perro /pero/
ɾ Alveolar tap Spanish pero /peɾo/

See also

References


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