- Earl of Carlisle
Earl of Carlisle is a title that has been created three times in the
Peerage of England. The first creation came in 1322 when the soldier Andrew Harclay, 1st Baron Harclay was made Earl of Carlisle. He had already been summoned to Parliament as Lord Harclay (or Lord Harcla) in 1321. However, in 1322 Lord Carlisle was executed for treason with his titles forfeited.
The second creation came in 1622 when James Hay, 1st Viscount Doncaster, was made Earl of Carlisle. He was a great favourite of King James I and had already been created Lord Hay in the
Peerage of Scotlandin 1606 and Baron Hay, of Sawley in the County of York and Viscount Doncaster in 1618. The latter titles were in the Peerage of England. Lord Carlisle was the member of a junior branch of the Hay family headed by the Earl of Erroll. He was succeeded by his second but only surviving son, the second Earl. In 1637 he also succeeded his maternal grandfather Charles Goring, 2nd Earl of Norwich, as second Baron Denny (a title created by writ in 1604; see the Earl of Norwich). However, Carlisle was childless and on his death in 1660 all the titles became extinct.
The third creation came in 1660 when Sir Charles Howard was made Baron Dacre of Gillesland, in the County of Cumberland, Viscount Howard of Morpeth, in the County of Cumberland, and Earl of Carlisle. A member of the famous
Howard family, he was the great-grandson of Lord William Howard, third son of Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk. Lord William Howard's wife was Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Dacre, 4th Baron Dacre (of Gillesland) (a title which had fallen into abeyanceon the death of the fifth Baron in 1569). Through this marriage Naworth Castleand Henderskelfe (which later became known as Castle Howard) came into the Howard family. Lord Carlisle had earlier supported the Parliamentarian cause in the Civil War, and is supposed to have been created "Baron Gilsland" and "Viscount Howard of Morpeth" by Oliver Cromwellin 1657 (it is certain that he was summoned to Cromwell's House of Lords the same year as "Lord Viscount Howard").
He was succeeded by his eldest son, the second Earl. He represented Morpeth, Cumberland and Carlisle in the House of Commons and served as
Lord Lieutenant of Cumberland. On his death the titles passed to his son, the third Earl. He was a prominent statesman and served as First Lord of the Treasuryfrom 1701 to 1702 and in 1715. His third but eldest surviving son, the fourth Earl, sat as Member of Parliamentfor Morpeth. He was succeeded by his eldest son from his second marriage, the fifth Earl. He was also an influential politician and held office as First Lord of Trade, as Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, as Lord Steward of the Householdand as Lord Privy Seal.
His eldest son, the sixth Earl, also gained political prominence. He served as
First Commissioner of Woods and Forestsand as Lord Privy Sealand was Minister without Portfoliobetween 1830 and 1834 in the famous Whig government of Lord Grey. He was succeeded by his eldest son, the seventh Earl. He was also a noted politician and served as Chief Secretary for Ireland, as Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancasterand as Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. He never married and was succeeded by his younger brother, the eighth Earl. He was a clergyman and served as Rector of Londesboroughin Yorkshire. He also died unmarried and was succeeded by his nephew, the ninth Earl. He was the son of the Hon. Charles Wentworth George Howard, fifth son of the sixth Earl. He represented Cumberland East in Parliament as a Liberal and was also a well-regarded painter.
His eldest son, the tenth Earl, was
Liberal UnionistMember of Parliament for Birmingham South. He was succeeded by his only son, the eleventh Earl. He married as his first wife Bridget Helen Monckton, 11th Lady Ruthven of Freeland (see the Lord Ruthven of Freelandfor earlier history of this title). On his death in 1963 the titles passed to his only son, the twelfth Earl. In 1982 he also succeeded his mother as twelfth Lord Ruthven of Freeland. As of 2007 the peerages are held by his eldest son, the thirteenth Earl, who succeeded in 1994. Lord Carlisle unsuccessfully contested Easington in the 1987 general election and Leeds West in the 1992 general election.
Several other members of this branch of the Howard family have gained distinction. The Hon. Sir Charles Howard, fourth son of the third Earl, was a General in the Army and also represented Carlisle in the House of Commons for many years.
Charles Howard, Viscount Morpeth, eldest son of the fourth Earl from his first marriage, briefly represented Yorkshire before his early death from tuberculosis. The Hon. Frederick Howard, third son of the fifth Earl, was a Major in the 10th Hussarsand fought at the Battle of Waterlooin 1815, where he was killed in action. His eldest son Frederick John Howardwas Member of Parliament for Youghal. The Very Reverend the Hon. Henry Edward John Howard, fourth son of the fifth Earl, was Dean of Lichfield. His third son Edward Henry Howard was a Vice-Admiralin the Navy.
Admiral the Hon. Edward Granville George Howard, fourth son of the sixth Earl, was created
Baron Lanertonin 1874. The aforementioned the Hon. Charles Wentworth George Howard, fifth son of the sixth Earl, represented East Cumberland in Parliament for almost forty years. Lady Harriet Howard, third daughter of the sixth Earl, was the wife of George Sutherland-Leveson-Gower, 2nd Duke of Sutherland. She was Mistress of the Robesto Queen Victoria and an active Whig in society circles. The Hon. Geoffrey William Algernon Howard, fifth son of the ninth Earl, was a Liberal Member of Parliament. His second son was George Howard, Baron Howard of Henderskelfe.
Heir Apparentto the earldom, when one exists, is styled "Viscount Morpeth".
The principal family seat was
Castle Howard, but is now Naworth Castle.
Earls of Carlisle, First Creation (1322)
Andrew Harclay, 1st Earl of Carlisle(d. 1323) (forfeit 1323)
Earls of Carlisle, Second Creation (1622)
James Hay, 1st Earl of Carlisle(c. 1590-1636)
James Hay, 2nd Earl of Carlisle(1612-1660)
Earls of Carlisle, Third Creation (1661)
Charles Howard, 1st Earl of Carlisle(1629-1685)
Edward Howard, 2nd Earl of Carlisle(1646-1692)
Charles Howard, 3rd Earl of Carlisle(1669-1738)
Henry Howard, 4th Earl of Carlisle(1694-1758)
Frederick Howard, 5th Earl of Carlisle(1748-1825)
George Howard, 6th Earl of Carlisle(1773-1848)
*George William Frederick Howard, 7th Earl of Carlisle (1802-1864)
*William George Howard, 8th Earl of Carlisle (1808-1889)
*George James Howard, 9th Earl of Carlisle (1843-1911)
*Charles James Stanley Howard, 10th Earl of Carlisle (1867-1912)
*George Josslyn L'Estrange Howard, 11th Earl of Carlisle (1895-1963)
*Charles James Ruthven Howard, 12th Earl of Carlisle (1923-1994)
*George William Beaumont Howard, 13th Earl of Carlisle (b. 1949)
Heir Presumptiveis the present holder's brother the Hon. Philip Charles Wentworth Howard (b. 1963)
Earl of Erroll
Duke of Norfolk
Lord Ruthven of Freeland
Earl of Effingham
Baron Howard de Walden
*Earl of Suffolk (1603 creation)
*Earl of Berkshire (1626 creation)
Viscount Fitzalan of Derwent
Baron Howard of Penrith
Baron Howard of Escrick
*Baron Stafford (1640 creation)
*Kidd, Charles, Williamson, David (editors). "Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage" (1990 edition). New York: St Martin's Press, 1990.
* [http://www.angeltowns.com/town/peerage/ Leigh Rayment's Peerage Page]
* [http://www.thepeerage.com/ www.thepeerage.com]
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