List of active autonomist and secessionist movements


List of active autonomist and secessionist movements

This is a list of currently active autonomist and secessionist movements around the world.

Entries on this list meet two criteria: they are active movements with living, active members, and they are seeking greater autonomy or self-determination for a geographic region (as opposed to personal autonomy). What is and is not considered an autonomy or secession movement is, of course, contentious.

For defunct movements and groups, please see: List of historical autonomist and secessionist movements

Africa

Algeria

*s
** Proposed state: Kabylie
** Political party: Mouvement pour l'Autonomie de la Kabylie

Angola

*
** Government-in-exile: Frente para a Libertação do Enclave de Cabinda (FLEC)
** Political party: Frente para a Libertação do Enclave de Cabinda (FLEC)
** Rebel organization: Forças Armadas de Cabinda (FAC)
** Proposed state: Republic of Cabinda

Benin

*Yoruba

Cameroon

* Bakassi Peninsula
** Proposed state: Democratic Republic of Bakassi

*
** Proposed state: Federal Republic of Southern Cameroon, Ambazonia
** Political party: Southern Cameroons National Council

Comoros

* Anjouan
** Political parties: Anjouan People's Movement, Mouvement Populaire Anjouanais, Mawana
*
** Proposed state: Democratic Republic of Mwali


=Congo-Kinshasa=

* Bas-Congo
** Pressure group: Bundu dia Kongo
** Proposed state: Kingdom of Kongo
*
** Political parties: Confédération des Associations de Katanga Tribales, Union of Independent Federalists and Republicans
* Kwili, Kivu
** Proposed state: Republic of Bukavu

Côte d'Ivoire

* Northern Regions

Equatorial Guinea

*
** Political party: Movement for the Self-Determination of Bioko Island

Ethiopia

* Gambela Region
** Rebel organization: Gambella Peoples Liberation Front
*)
** Proposed state: Republic of Ogadenia
** Political party: Ogaden National Liberation Front, Western Somali Liberation Front
** Pressure group: Ogaden Youth Association
* Oromia Region
** Rebel organization: Oromo Independence Movement
** Rebel organization: Oromo Liberation Front
** Rebel organization: Islamic Front for the Liberation of Oromia
** Rebel organization: Conference of Oromiya Peoples Liberation Front

France (Africa)

*
* Réunion

Mauritius

* Rodrigues Island

Morocco

*
** Government-in-exile: Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic
** Political party: Polisario Front

Namibia

*
** Rebel organization: Caprivi Liberation Army
** Political party: Caprivi African National Union
** Proposed state: Free State of Caprivi Strip/Itenge

Niger

* Agadez Department
** Rebel organization: Revolutionary Armed Forces of the Sahara
** Political parties: Taniminnak Tidot N Tenere, Tidot Union of Tenere.
** Proposed state: Akal N Tenere, Tenere Republic

Nigeria

* Bakassi Peninsula
** Proposed state: Democratic Republic of Bakassi
*
** Proposed state: Biafra (defunct)
** Political party: Movement for the Actualization of the Sovereign State of Biafra
* Ijaw
** Rebel organization: Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta
** Rebel organization: Niger Delta People's Volunteer Force
** Proposed state: Niger Delta Republic
*
** Political party: Movement for the Survival of the Ogoni People
* Yoruba
** Political party: Oodua Republic Front
** Proposed state: Oduduwa Republic of the Yorubas

Rwanda

*)"'
** Political party: Association for the Promotion of Batwa

Somalia

*
*Hiran
** Proposed autonomous region: States of Central Somalia
*
** Rebel organization: Somali Patriotic Movement
** Proposed state: Republic of Jubaland
*
*
** Political party: Somali Salvation Democratic Front
** De facto state: Republic of Puntland State of Somalia
*
** Political party: Somali National Movement
** De facto state: Republic of Somaliland
*
** Rebel organization: Rahanwein Resistance Army
** Proposed autonomous region: State of Southwestern Somalia

Senegal

*
** Rebel organization: Movement of Democratic Forces of Casamance

South Africa

* Boere-Afrikaners

* Rebel organization: Freedom Front Plus
* Pressure group: Orania Movement
* Proposed state: Volkstaat

Sudan

* Beja
** Rebel organization: Beja Congress
*
** Rebel organization: Darfur Liberation Front
* Eastern Sudan
** Rebel organization: Eastern Front (Sudan)
* Kassala
*
*
** Proposed state: Southern Sudan

Tanzania

* )"'
** Political party: Civic United Front

Western Sahara

*s
** Government-in-exile: Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (see foreign relations of Western Sahara)
** Political party: Polisario Front
** De facto state: Free Zone

Zambia

*
** Proposed state: Barotseland
** Rebel organization: Barotse Patriotic Front

Asia

Afghanistan

* Badakhshan "(Wakhan Corridor)"
** Political party: Lali Badakhshon
** Proposed autonomous region: United Badakhshan Peoples Republic

Bangladesh

* Chittagong Hill Tracts (member of the Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization)

People's Republic of China

ecessionist movements

*Hong Kong
**Political Organisation: Hong Konger Front
**Proposed state: Republic of Hong Kong
*)"'
** Political parties: Inner Mongolian People's Party, Southern Mongolian Freedom Federation
*)"'
** Government-in-exile: Tibetan Government in Exile
** Political party: International Tibet Independence Movement, National Democratic Party of Tibet, United Liberation Front of Tibet
**Pressure Groups: Students for a Free Tibet
** See also|2008 unrest in Tibet
*)"'
** Rebel organization: East Turkestan Islamic Movement
** Political party: East Turkestan Government in Exile (newly founded, and not widely known or recognized yet)
** Proposed state: Eastern Turkestan Republic

Autonomist movements

*
**Political party: New Macau Association
*
**Certain degree of autonomy guaranteed by Basic Law of Hong Kong in the 1997 handover of Hong Kong from British to Chinese rule.


=Georgia=

*)"'
** De facto state: Republic of Abkhazia
* Armenians in Samtskhe-Javakheti region
** Pressure group: Javakh, United Javakh-Democratic Alliance, Virk
** Proposed autonomous region: Javakh autonomous region
*
** De facto state: Republic of South Ossetia

India

"See also: Insurgent groups in Northeast India"
* Andhra PradeshFact|date=May 2008
** Political party: Jai Andhra [http://us.rediff.com/news/2006/dec/26ap.htm]
* Arunachal Pradesh
** Rebel organization: Arunachal Dragon Force
** Proposed autonomous region: Teola country [http://www.satp.org/satporgtp/countries/india/states/aunachal/terrorist_outfits/ADF.htm]
* Assam"See also under Bodoland, Dimasaland, Kamtapur, Karbi below."
** Rebel organization: United Liberation Front of Assam, Muslim United Liberation Tigers of Assam [http://www.satp.org/satporgtp/countries/india/states/assam/terrorist_outfits/MULTA.htm]
*
** Political parties: National Democratic Front of Bodoland
* Dimasaland
** Political party: Dima Halim Daogah
* Garo
** Rebel organizations: People's Liberation Front of Meghalaya/Achik National Volunteer Council [http://www.satp.org/satporgtp/countries/india/states/meghalaya/terrorist_outfits/plf_m.htm]
** Proposed autonomous region: Achikland
* Gondwana
** Political party: Gondwana Ganatantra Party, seeking to create a Gondi state from parts of Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, and Maharashtra [http://www.indiatogether.org/2006/feb/soc-gonds.htm]
* Kamtapur
** Political party: Kamtapur Peoples Party (political wing of KLO)
** Rebel organizations: Kamtapur Liberation Organisation, Koch-Rajbongshi Liberation Organisation
* KarbiFact|date=May 2008
** Rebel organization: Karbi National Volunteers, United People’s Democratic Solidarity [http://www.satp.org/satporgtp/countries/india/states/assam/terrorist_outfits/upds.htm]
** Proposed autonomous region: Karbi-AnglongFact|date=May 2008
*Karnataka
**Proposed State:Tulu Nad,seeking to create a Tulu state from parts of Karnataka
*Kashmir
**Rebel organizations:Lashkar-e-Toiba, Harkat-ul-mujahideen
**Proposed state: Unification with Pakistan
**Political organizations:All Parties Hurriyat Conference, Jammu Kashmir Liberation Front
**Proposed state: Independent State of Kashmir
* Nagaland
** Rebel organization: National Socialist Council of Nagaland
** Government-in-exile: Government of the People’s Republic of Nagaland
** Proposed state: Nagalim, or Peoples Republic of Nagaland
* ManipurFact|date=May 2008
** Rebel organizations: Hmar People's Convention–Democrat, Manipur People’s Liberation Front, United National Liberation Front, Revolutionary People's Front of Manipur, People's Revolutionary Party of Kangleipak [http://www.satp.org%2Ftracking%2FGoto.asp%3FID%3D61&ei=baQtSJi1F4SGedasxdwB&usg=AFQjCNH1MicH4xphOVkLscPtmrh4AVbdVA&sig2=qvar0Q-4a9SpaVksFSvm_Q]
* MizoramFact|date=May 2008
** Rebel organizations: Zomi Revolutionary OrganizationFact|date=May 2008, Mizoram Farmers Liberation ForceFact|date=May 2008
** Proposed state: ZozamFact|date=May 2008
* Punjab
** Proposed state:
** Rebel organizations: Khalistan Commando Force, Babbar Khalsa International, Khalistan Zindabad Force, International Sikh Youth Federation, Khalistan Liberation Force
* RayalaseemaFact|date=May 2008
* Tamil NaduFact|date=May 2008
** Rebel organizations: Tamil National Retrieval Troops, Tamil Nadu Liberation Army
* Telangana
** Political parties: Telangana Rashtra Samithi, seeking to separate Telangana from Andhra Pradesh state. Various other minor groups such as Jai Telangana Party, Telangana Communist Party, Telangana Janata Party, Telangana Praja Samithi, Telangana Rashtra Party, Telangana Rashtra Sadhana Front, Telangana Rashtra Samithi and Telangana Sadhana Samithi.
* Tripura
** Rebel organizations: National Liberation Front of Tripura (two factions operating), All Tripura Tiger Force
* VidarbhaFact|date=May 2008
**Political parties: Vidarbha Rajya Party, Vidarbha Vikas Party, seeking to separate Vidarbha from Maharashtra.
* ZomiFact|date=May 2008
** Political parties: Zomi National CongressFact|date=May 2008

Indonesia

*)"'
** Political party: Free Aceh Movement
*"')
** Political parties: Maluku Sovereignty Front
**Government-in-exile: Republik Maluku Selatan
*
*)"'
** Political parties: Free Papua Movement/Organisasi Papua Merdeka, West Papua Niugini
** Proposed state: Republic of West Papua
*
*

Japan

*
*
** Proposed state: Republic of the Ryūkyūs
** Political party: Ryukyu independence movement, Kariyushi Club (formerly, Ryūkyū Independent Party)

Laos

* Hmong

Malaysia

*
** Political party: Parti Bersatu Sabah [Minorities at Risk, "Assessment of Kadazans in Malaysia. [http://www.cidcm.umd.edu/mar/assessment.asp?groupId=82004] ]

Myanmar (Burma)

* Arakan
** Pressure group: Arakan Independence Alliance
*
** Rebel organization: Chin National Front
** Proposed state: Chinland
*
** Political party: Kachin National Organization
** Proposed state: Kachinland
* Karen
** Pressure group: Karen National Union
** Rebel organization: Karen National Liberation Army
** Proposed state: Republic of Kawthoolei
* Karenni (member of the Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization)
** Pressure group: Karenni National Progressive Party
** Rebel organization: Karenni Army
** Government-in-exile: Karenni Provisional Government
** Proposed state: United Karenni Independent States
* Kuki
** Pressure group: Kuki National Organisation
** Rebel organization: Kuki National Army
** Proposed state: Kukiland
* Mon
** Political party: New Mon State Party
* Nagaland
** Rebel organization: National Socialist Council of Nagaland
** Government-in-exile: Government of the People's Republic of Nagaland
** Proposed state: Nagalim, or Peoples Republic of Nagaland
* Rakhine people
** Pressure group: Arakan Rohingya National Organization
* Shan
** Political party: Shan Democratic Union
** Pressure group: Restoration Council of Shan State
** Rebel organization: Shan State Army
** Proposed state: Federated Shan States
*
** Political party: United Wa State Party
** Rebel organization: United Wa State Army
** Proposed state: Wa State
* Zomi
** Political parties: Zomi National Congress, Zomi Reunification Organization
** Rebel organizations: Zomi National Front/Army, Zomi Revolutionary Army
** Proposed state: Zogam, or Federated State of Zomi

Pakistan

* Balochistan
** Political Party: Balochistan Liberation Front
*
** Political party: Gilgit Baltistan United Movement
** Proposed state: Republic of Gilgit Baltistan
*
** Proposed state: Sindhudesh
** Political movement: Jeay Sindh Qaumi Mahaz
*
** Political party: Taliban, al-Qaeda
** Rebel organization: Army of Waziristan
** De facto state: Islamic Emirate of Waziristan
*

Philippines

* Bangsamoro
** Political party: Moro National Liberation Front
** Rebel organization: Moro Islamic Liberation Front
** Rebel organization: Abu Sayyaf
** Proposed state: Federal Republic of Mindanao
* Cordillera (member of the Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization)
** Political party: Cordillera Bodong Association
** Rebel organization: Cordillera People's Liberation Army

Russian Federation (Asia)

*
*
** Political party: All Buryat Association for the Development of Culture
* Eastern Siberia
** Proposed state: United States of Northern Asia
*
** Proposed state: Far Eastern Republic
*
*flagicon|Sakha Republic Sakha
** Political party: Sakha-Amuk
*
** Political party: Party of Siberian Liberation
** Proposed state: Siberian Republic
*
** Political party: People's Party of Sovereign Tuva, People's Front "Free Tuva"

Sri Lanka

*
**De facto state: Tamil Eelam
**Rebel organization: Tamil Tigers
**Political party: Tamil National Alliance

Republic of China (Taiwan)

*)"'
** Political parties: Pan-Green Coalition (Democratic Progressive Party, Taiwan Solidarity Union, Taiwan Independence Party)
** Proposed state: Republic of Taiwan
** De facto state: Republic of China

Tajikistan

* Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region
** Political party: Lali Badakhshon

Thailand

*
** Rebel organization: Pattani United Liberation Organization (PULO) (irredentist)
** Proposed state: "Greater Patani State" (Negara Patani Raya)

Turkey (Asia)

*"')
*
** Rebel organization: Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK)
** Proposed state: Kurdistan

Uzbekistan

*

Vietnam

* Hmong
* Degar
** Proposed autonomous region: Tây Nguyên
** Pressure group: Montagnard Foundation
* Cham people

The Middle East

Iran

*"')
*
** Political party: Kurdistan Democratic Party of Iran (KDPI)
** Political party: Kurdistan Independence Party (PSK)
** Rebel organizations: Party for a Free Life in Kurdistan (PJAK), Komalah
** Proposed state: Kurdistan
* Balochistan
*)"
** Rebel organizations: Al-Ahwaz Arab People's Democratic Popular Front, Ahwaz Arab Renaissance Party, Ahwaz Liberation Organisation
** Pressure group: Democratic Solidarity Party of Al-Ahwaz

Iraq

*"')
** Political party: Assyrian Universal Alliance (AUA)
** Proposed autonomous region: Assyria

*"')
** Political parties: Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP) and the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK)
** Proposed state: Kurdistan

* Shi'a Muslims
** Political United Iraqi Alliance (UIA) (goal: establishing a federation in Iraq, but this is not supported by all parties)

*)"'
** Political party: Iraqi Turkmen Front (ITF) (goal: recognition of Turkmen as a national minority)

Israel

*")
** Rebel organizations: al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigade (now officially known as "al-Shaid Yasser Arafat Brigades"), Hamas, Palestinian Islamic Jihad, Tanzim
** Political parties: Hamas, Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine, Fatah, Palestine Liberation Front, Palestine Liberation Organisation, Palestinian National Authority, Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (these political parties also have armed, militant wings)

Lebanon

*"')
*

Syria

*"')
*
** Political party: Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP)
** Rebel organization: Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK)
** Proposed state: Kurdistan

Europe

Albania

*Southern Albania (Northern Epirus)
**Political party: Unity for Human Rights Party (Member of UNPO)
**Proposed state: Greece

Azerbaijan

*
** De facto state: Nagorno-Karabakh Republic
* Nakhchivan
*
** Proposed autonomous region: Talysh-Mughan Autonomous Republic
*
**Pressure group: Sadval

Austria

*Carinthia (state)
**Political party: (Carinthian Slovenes)
**Proposed state: Slovenia
*Burgenland (Hungarian minority in Austria) (Croatians)
**Political party:
**Proposed state: Hungary Croatia

Belgium

*
**Political parties (seeking a union with France):
*** Rassemblement Bruxelles-France
**Political parties (seeking a union with Flanders):
*** Lijst Dedecker
*** Nieuw-Vlaamse Alliantie member of the European People's Party
*** Vlaamse Progressieven member of the European Free Alliance
*** Vlaams Belang member of the Identity, Tradition, Sovereignty-Group
*** VLOTT
*
**Political parties (seeking independence or confederation and, in some cases, a certain degree of cooperation with the Netherlands):
*** Lijst Dedecker
*** Nieuw-Vlaamse Alliantie member of the European People's Party
*** Vlaamse Progressieven member of the European Free Alliance
*** Vlaams Belang member of the Identity, Tradition, Sovereignty-Group
*** VLOTT
*
**Political parties:
*** Partei der deutschsprachigen Belgier member of the European Free Alliance
*
**Political parties (seeking a union with France):
*** Rassemblement Wallonie-France

Bosnia and Herzegovina

*
**Political parties: Savez nezavisnih socijaldemokrata, Srpska Demokratska Stranka
*
**Political parties: Croatian Democratic Union 1990
**Proposed state: Herceg-Bosna or part of Croatia
*Herzegovina

Bulgaria

* Pirin Macedonia
**Political party:
**Proposed state: United Macedonia
*Pomaks
*Turks
**Political party: Movements for Rights and Freedom

Croatia

Active regional autonomy movements present in all parts of the country, or outside the country, but notably in:
*Istria
**Political party: Istrian Democratic Assembly, Istrian Democratic Forum
*Rijeka (Fiume)
**Political party: (Lista za Rijeku - Lista per Fiume)
*Covering Serb minorities in and around Knin & with territorial aspirations to parts of northern Dalmatia, Lika, Banija & Slavonia (see Republic of Serbian Krajina Government in Exile) - active secessionists appear to be concentrated among refugees currently living outside Croatia and reflect territorial desires of political groups/institutions in Serbia (see Greater Serbia)
**Political party: Serbian Radical Party (Serbs of Croatia)
**Proposed state: Republic of Serbian Krajina and part of Serbia

Cyprus

*
** De facto state: Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus


=Czech Republic=
*
** Political parties: Moravané member of the European Free Alliance [http://www.cepsr.com/clanek.php?ID=101]
** Pressure group: Svobodní Moravané / Free Moravians
* Karviná District eastern part of Frýdek-Místek District.
** Pressure group: Polish minority in the Czech Republic

Denmark

*
** Political party: Republican Party, People's Party, Centre Party, Self-Government Party
*
*Northern Schleswig, German people
*)"'

Estonia

*Estonian United Left Party (Russian minority)

Finland

*
** Political party: Future of Åland member of the European Free Alliance
** Proposed state: Åland
*
** Proposed autonomous region: Sápmi

France (Europe)

*
** Political party: Forum Nationaliste d'Alsace-Lorraine, Union du Peuple Alsacien
*
*
** Political party: Abertzaleen Batasuna (AB), Batasuna, Eusko Alkartasuna (EA) member of the European Free Alliance .
** Pressure group: All local politicians Fact|date=July 2007, even those in "French" parties, agree to demand a Basque département and co-officiality of Basque language, a demand that has been rejected by the French government.
** Rebel organization: Iparretarrak (defunct), ETA
** Proposed state: Euskadi or Euskal Herria (Basque Country)
*
** Pressure groups: Celtic League
** Political party: Adsav, Breton Party, Union Démocratique Bretonne member of the European Free Alliance
** Rebel organization: Armée Revolutionnaire Bretonne, Front de Libération de la Bretagne
** Proposed state: Brittany
*
** Political party: Corsica Nazione, Partitu di a Nazione Corsa member of the European Free Alliance
** Rebel organization: National Front for the Liberation of Corsica
* Nice
** Political party: Ligue pour la renaissance des libertés niçoises
*
** Political party: Le Mouvement Normand
*
** Political party: Esquerra Republicana de Catalunya member of the European Free Alliance
** Proposed state: Paisos Catalans
*
** Political party: Savoy Regional Movement
** Political party: Ligue savoisienne
*
** Political party: Partit de la Nacion Occitana, Partit Occitan member of the European Free Alliance
*
**Political Party: Le Bloc Representative du Nord-France et Flandres Frances
**Proposed state: Les Pays-bois du Francaises, Les Flandres Frances or Le Parti du Artois et Flandres

Germany

*Alemannic Separatism
*
** Political party: Bavaria Party member of the European Free Alliance
* (to separate from Bavaria and become a separate federal state)
*
*
** Political party: Wendish Popular Party, Domowina
*Low German or Low Saxon speaking area
*South Schleswig Danish people
** Political party: South Schleswig Voter Federation
*Swabia (to separate from Bavaria and become a separate federal state)

Italy

*
** Political parties: Lega Nord
** Proposed state: Padania
*
** Political parties: Valdotanian Union, Edelweiss Aosta Valley, Autonomist Federation, Valdotanian Renewal, Lively Aosta Valley, Lega Nord Valle d'Aosta
* Piedmont
**Political parties: Lega Nord Piemont
* Lombardy
**Political parties: Lega Lombarda, Lega Alleanza Lombarda, Lombard Independentist Front
*
**Political parties: Union for Trentino, Lega Nord Trentino, Trentino Tyrolean Autonomist Party, Autonomist Trentino, Ladin Autonomist Union, United Valleys, Popular Autonomy, Fassa
*
**Political parties: South Tyrolean People's Party, Union for South Tyrol, The Libertarians, South Tyrolean Freedom, Political Movement Ladins, Democratic Party of South Tyrol, Lega Nord Sud Tirolo
*
** Movement: Venetism
** Political parties: Liga Veneta, North-East Project, Liga Veneta Repubblica, Venetians in Movement, Venetian National Party, Venetian People's Unity
* Friuli-Venezia Giulia
** Political parties : Lega Nord Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Friuli Movement, Giulian Front
* Liguria
** Political party: Lega Nord Liguria, Ligurian Independentist Movement
*
**Political parties: Lega Nord Emilia
*
**Political parties: Lega Nord Romagna
*
**Political parties: Lega Nord Toscana
* Marche
**Political parties: Lega Nord Marche
*
**Political parties: Lega Nord Umbria
*
** Political parties: Sardinia Nation, Sardinian Reformers, Sardinian People's Party, Sardinian Democratic Union, Sardinian Action Party, Independence Republic of Sardinia
* Southern Italy
** Political parties: Movement for Autonomy, Federalist Alliance, Lega Sud Ausonia, Southern Action League
*
** Political parties: Movement for Autonomy, Movement for the Independence of Sicily, Sicilian National Front, Sicilian Alliance, Sicilian People's Party
** Pressure groups: Terra e Liberazione, Sicilian Action Youthful National Front
*
*
* Mark land.

Kosovo

* ,
** de facto state: Republic of Kosovo
**Political parties: Democratic League of Kosovo, Alliance for the Future of Kosovo, Democratic Party of Kosovo, National Movement for the Liberation of Kosovo, The People's Movement for Kosovo
**Rebel organization: Kosovo Liberation Army (became Kosovo Protection Corps)
** See also|Controversy over Kosovo independence|International reaction to the 2008 Kosovo declaration of independence
*Gorani
*
** Proposed state: part of Serbia
** See also|2008 unrest in Kosovo|2004 unrest in Kosovo|Kosovo Serb enclaves

Latvia

*
*Russian minority

Lithuania

*Covering Polish minorities in and around Vilnius district municipality (61.3% of the population) and Šalčininkai district municipality (79.5%).
** Political party: Polish minority in Lithuania, Electoral Action of Poles in Lithuania
** Proposed state: Greater Poland
* [ [http://www.gazetawyborcza.pl/1,75477,5141627.html?skad=rss Żmudzini chcą być narodem ] ]
** Political party: Samogitian People's Party

Republic of Macedonia

*Albanians in Macedonia
** Proposed autonomous region: Illyrida Republic or Greater Albania
*Torbesh

Moldova

*
*
** De facto state: Transnistria

Montenegro

*)"'
* Malësia, Kraja, Tuzi (Albanians)

Netherlands (Europe)

*
** Political party: Frisian National Party, member of the European Free Alliance

Norway

*
** Proposed autonomous region: Sápmi

Poland

*
** Pressure group: Kashubian-Pomeranian Association
*
** Political party: Ruch Autonomii Śląska
* Gorals

Portugal

Seeking autonomy and not independence:
*
**Political party: Democratic Party of the Atlantic Azores (virtually extinct)

Romania

* Szekler Land
** Proposed land division: Szekler Autonomous Region

Russian Federation (Europe)

*
*
*"')
** Rebel organization: Chechen separatists
** Proposed state: Chechen Republic of Ichkeria
** Alternative proposed state: Caucasian Emirate (claimed successor to Ichkeria)
*)"'
** Proposed state: Chuvashia, Idel-Ural
*
*
*)"'
*
*
*
*
*
*
*)"'
*
*)"'
** Political party: Mari Ushem
** Proposed state: Mari El, Idel-Ural
*
*
*
** Proposed state: Sápmi
*)"'
** Political party: All-Tatar Public Center
** Proposed state: Tatarstan, Idel-Ural
*)"'
** Proposed state: Udmurtia, Idel-Ural
* Ural
** Political party: Ural Transformation Movement
*
*

Serbia

* "'
** de facto state: Republic of Kosovo
** Political parties: Democratic League of Kosovo, Alliance for the Future of Kosovo, Democratic Party of Kosovo, National Movement for the Liberation of Kosovo, The People's Movement for Kosovo
** Rebel organization: Kosovo Liberation Army (became Kosovo Protection Corps)
** See also|International reaction to the 2008 Kosovo declaration of independence|Controversy over Kosovo independence
* Preševo, Bujanovac and Medveđa
** Rebel organization: UCPMB (defunct)
** Political party: Political Council for Preševo, Medveđa and Bujanovac
*)"'
*
** Movement for autonomy of the whole province (proposed autonomy: Republic of Vojvodina within Federal Republic of Serbia (German model).)
***Political parties: League of Social Democrats of Vojvodina, Reformists of Vojvodina, Vojvodina Coalition, Union of Socialists of Vojvodina
** Movement for autonomy of the Hungarian-populated northern part of Vojvodina (proposed autonomy: Hungarian Regional Autonomy)
*** Political parties: Alliance of Vojvodina Hungarians, Democratic Community of Vojvodina Hungarians, Democratic Party of Vojvodina Hungarians


=Spain=

Major nationalism
*)
** Political party: Partido Nacionalista Vasco (member of the European Democratic Party
** Armed organization: Euskadi Ta Askatasuna (ETA)
** Proposed state: Euskal Herria (Basque Country)
*
** Civil Organization: Sobirania i Progrés (Sovereignty and Progress), Plataforma pel Dret de Decidir, Cercle d'Estudis Sobiranistes
** Pressure groups: Catalunya Acció, Free Catalonia, Endavant, Moviment de Defensa de la Terra
** Youth pressure groups: Maulets, Coordinadora d'Assemblees de Joves de l'Esquerra Independentista, Joventuts d'Esquerra Republicana de Catalunya
** Political parties (secessionist): Candidatura d'Unitat Popular (in the Catalan Countries; Esquerra Republicana de Catalunya (in Catalonia and the Balearic Islands, and called Esquerra Republicana del País Valencià in the Valencian Country), member of the European Free Alliance (in Catalonia)
** Political parties (autonomist): Convergència Democràtica de Catalunya, Unió Democràtica de Catalunya (in Catalonia); Partit Socialista de Mallorca-Entesa Nacionalista, Entesa de l’Esquerra de Menorca (in the Balearic Islands); Bloc Nacionalista Valencià (in the Valencian Country).
** Proposed state: Catalan Countries (united or federated); Principality of Catalonia, Valencian Country and Balearic Islands.
*
** Political party: Bloque Nacionalista Galego (Galician Nationalist Block)(autonomist), member of the European Free Alliance Galician Coalition (Centrist nationalist Party)
**Youth pressure groups: Galiza Nova, AGIR, CAF
**Proposed state: Galiza
**Main article: Galician nationalism

Other Nationalisms

*")
** Political parties (autonomist): Partido Andalucista, Partido Socialista Andaluz, Bloque Andaluz de Izquierdas, Partido Comunista del Pueblo Andaluz
** Political parties (secessionist): Nación Andaluza, Asamblea Nacional de Andalucia
** Proposed state: Andalusia
*
** Political party (autonomist): Chunta Aragonesista member of the European Free Alliance
** Political party (secessionist): Estado Aragonés
** Youth movement: Astral-Mozardalla d´Estau Aragonés, Chobenalla Aragonesista, A Enrestida
** Proposed state: Aragón
*")
** Political parties (autonomist): Partíu Asturianista, URAS
** Political parties (secessionist): Unidá, Bloque por Asturies, Andecha Astur
** Youth movement: Darréu
** Proposed state: Asturies
** Proposed flag: Asturina
*
** Political party: Congreso Nacional Canario (MPAIAC party), Federación Nacionalista Canaria, Alternativa Popular Canaria, Unidad del Pueblo
** Youth movement: Azarug
** Historical parties and organizations: Movimiento Pro-Independencia de Canarias, MIC, Movimiento Canarias Libre, Canarias Nación, Movimiento Autonomista Canario, Movimiento por la Autodeterminación y la Independencia del Archipielago Canario (MPAIAC), Canarias Libre, Fuerzas Armadas Guanches, Destacamentos Armados Canarios
** Proposed State: Canary Islands
*
** Political party: Conceju Nacionaliegu Cántabru
*
** Political parties (autonomist): Tierra Comunera
** Political parties (secessionist): Izquierda Castellana, Movimiento Popular Castellano,
** Youth movement: YESCA
** Proposed state: Castile
** Proposed flag: Pendón Morado,Pendón Estrellado
** Main article: Castilian nationalism
*
** Political party: Unión del Pueblo Leonés (UPL or Leonese People's Union), Conceyu Xoven (Young Council)
** Proposed state: País Llïonés - Leonese Country (Conceyu Xoven)
** Proposed autonomous region: Comunidad Autónoma de León - Autonomous Community of León (UPL)

Sweden

*
*
** Proposed autonomous region: Sápmi
*)"'

Switzerland

*
*
** Political party: Mouvement Indépendantiste Jurassien (Jurassian Independentist Movement), Mouvement Autonomiste Jurassien (Jurassian Autonomist Movement), Groupe Bélier (Youth activists movement),
*Romandie
** Political party: Mouvement Romand (French speaking region)
*Romansh people

Ukraine

*"')
*)
*Donbas, Russian minority
*Crimea, Russian majority

United Kingdom and associated territories (Europe)

*
** Pressure groups: Revived Cornish Stannary Parliament, Cornish Solidarity, Tyr Gwyr Gweryn, Cornwall 2000, Celtic League
** Political parties: Mebyon Kernow - Party for Cornwall member of the European Free Alliance
** Millitant organization: Cornish National Liberation Army
*
** Pressure groups: Campaign for an English Parliament
** Political party: English Democrats Party, Free England Party
* Northern Ireland ("Six Counties"): Irish nationalism, Irish Republicanism, Ulster nationalism
** Pressure groups: Celtic League
** Political parties: Sinn Féin, Social Democratic and Labour Party, Republican Sinn Féin, Irish Republican Socialist Party, Ulster Third Way, Ulster Independence Movement
** Millitant organization: Provisional Irish Republican Army, Real IRA, Continuity IRA, Irish National Liberation Army
*
** Pressure groups: Celtic League
** Political parties: Mec Vannin, Liberal Vannin
*
** Pressure groups: Independence First, Celtic League, SRSM
** Political parties: Scottish National Party member of the European Free Alliance

*
** Pressure groups: Cymuned, Cymdeithas yr Iaith Gymraeg, Celtic League
** Political parties: Plaid Cymru member of the European Free Alliance

* Wessex
** Pressure groups: Wessex Constitutional Convention
** Political parties: Wessex Regionalist Party, officially registered as a political party. [http://www.electoralcommission.org.uk/regulatory-issues/partylinks.cfm]
*
** Political party: Isle of Wight Party

North America

Canada

ecessionist movements

*")
** Political party: Separation Party of Alberta
*
** Proposed state: Cascadia
** Pressure group: Republic of Cascadia, Cascadian Independence Project
*")
** Civil organization: Saint-Jean-Baptiste Society, Mouvement national des Québécois et des Québécoises (MNQ), Rassemblement pour l'indépendance du Québec (RIQ), Les Intellectuels pour la souveraineté (IPSO), Mouvement de libération nationale du Québec (MLNQ)
** Labour union: Confédération des syndicats nationaux (CSN), Centrale des syndicats du Québec (CSQ), Fédération des travailleurs du Québec (FTQ), Union des artistes (UDA)
** Political party: Parti Québécois, Bloc Québécois, Québec solidaire, Parti indépendantiste
** Proposed state: Quebec
*
** Political party: Western Independence Party of Saskatchewan
*Western Canada
** Political party: Western Independence Party, Western Block Party

Autonomist movements

*
*
*
*
*
** Political party: Action démocratique du Québec
** Political party: Liberal Party of Quebec (under late Robert Bourassa)
*Vancouver Island
*Republic of Lakotah

Denmark (North America)

*
** Political party: Inuit Ataqatigiit

Mexico

* Chiapas
** autonomous self-governing region and rebel movement

United Kingdom (North America)

*
** Political parties: Progressive Labour Party (Bermuda)

United States (North America)

*
** Political party: Alaskan Independence Party
*
** Pressure group: RNA, New Black Panther Party
** Proposed state: Republic of New Afrika
*
** Proposed state: California Republic
** Pressure group: Californians for Independence [http://www.IndependentCA.org/]
*
** Pressure group: Lakotah Oyate
** Proposed state: Republic of Lakotah
*
** Proposed state: Republic of Maine
** Pressure group: Free Maine [http://www.freemaine.org/]
*
** Proposed state: People's Republic of the North Star
** Pressure group: North Star Republic [http://northstarrepublicml.googlepages.com]
*
** Pressure group: New England Confederation Alliance
*
** Pressure group: [http://www.republicofnh.org/ republicofnh.org]
*
** Pressure group: Peter Vallone, Free City of Tri-Insula
*
** Pressure group: Various white nationalist, white separatist, and Neo-Nazi groups
** Proposed state: Vinland
*
** Proposed state: Cascadia (usually associated with political protest, not actual independence)
** Pressure group: Republic of Cascadia, Cascadian Independence Project
*
** Pressure group: League of the South
** Political party: Southern Party (Defunct)
** Proposed state: Confederate States of America
** See also: Neo-confederate movement
*
** Proposed state: Republic of South Carolina
** Pressure group: SC League of the South [http://www.sclos.org/]

*
** Proposed state: Republic of Texas
*
** Proposed state: Green Mountain Republic of Vermont
** Pressure group: Second Vermont Republic [http://www.vermontrepublic.org/]

Central America and Caribbean

Antigua and Barbuda

* Barbuda
** Political party: Barbuda People's Movement

France (Caribbean)

*
*

Haiti

* Northern Haiti
** Proposed state: Artibonite

Netherlands (Caribbean)

*
*
*
*

Nicaragua

*Miskito and other indigenous peoples
**Political party: YATAMA
**Autonomous regions: Región Autónoma del Atlántico Norte, Región Autónoma del Atlántico Sur

St. Vincent and the Grenadines

* Grenadines

St. Kitts and Nevis

*
** Political party: Concerned Citizens' Movement, Nevis Reformation Party

Trinidad and Tobago

* Tobago
** Political party: Democratic Action Congress

United Kingdom (Caribbean)

*
*
*
** Political parties: New People's Liberation Movement, United National Front
*

United States (Caribbean)

*
** Political party: Puerto Rican Independence Party (PIP)
** Pressure group: Puerto Rican Nationalist Party, Pro-Independence Universitarian Federation (FUPI), Union of Socialist Youth (UJS), Movimiento Independentista Nacional Hostosiano (MINH), Socialist Front (FS), National Congress for the Descolonizations (CONADE)
** Rebel organization: Boricua Popular Army (Macheteros), Fuerzas Armadas de Liberación Nacional (FALN

outh America

Argentina

* )"'
** Pressure group: The All Lands Conseil ("Consejo de Todas las Tierras")
** Proposed state: [http://www.mapuche-nation.org/english/main/feature/m_nation.htm Mapuche Nation]
* Patagonia [http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9C03E6DE1E3CF934A1575BC0A9649C8B63] [http://www.americassuburb.com/sw821.html]

Bolivia

* "(politically divided between Bolivia, Chile and Peru; see respective entries)"
** Pressure group: Tupac Katari Guerrilla Army (disbanded), Indigenous Pachakuti Movement
** Proposed state: Collasuyu
*
*
*
*

Brazil

*
** Political party: Pampa Independence Movement
** Proposed state: Restoration of the independence of the Rio-Grandense Republic
** Proposed flag: [http://www.pampalivre.info]
*
** Pressure group: O Sul é Meu País movement ("The south is my country")
** Political party: Movement for the Independence of South of Brazil
*
** Political party: Movimento São Paulo Independente ( [http://www.mspi.cjb.net/] )

Chile

*
* "(politically divided between Bolivia, Chile and Peru; see respective entries)"
** Proposed state: Collasuyu
* )"'
** Pressure group: The All Lands Conseil ("Consejo de Todas las Tierras")
** Proposed state: [http://www.mapuche-nation.org/english/main/feature/m_nation.htm Mapuche Nation]

France (South America)

*
** Political party: French Guiana Liberation Movement, Tam-Tam Front for the Liberation of Guiana

Peru

* "(politically divided between Bolivia, Chile and Peru; see respective entries)"
** Pressure group: Tupac Katari Guerrilla Army
** Proposed state: Collasuyu

Venezuela

* Zulia State
** Pressure group: Rumbo Propio [http://www.rumbopropio.org.ve/]
** Proposed state: Independent Republic of Zulia [http://www.angelfire.com/va/paiszuliano/articulos/art007.html/]

Oceania

Australia

*
* Australian Aborigines ("Main article: Australian Aboriginal Sovereignty") (member of the Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization)
** Pressure group: Aboriginal Tent Embassy
*")

Chile

* (Easter island)Fact|date=September 2007

Fiji

*

France (Oceania)

*
** Political party: Tavini Huiraatira
*
** Political party: Kanak Socialist National Liberation Front
** Proposed state: Kanaky or Caledoland

Kiribati

* Banaba Island

Micronesia

*flagicon|Chuuk Chuuk

New Zealand

*
** Political parties: South Island Party,
** Pressure group: Zealandia Independence Project, South Island Independence, Cut the Cable
**Proposed state: Zealandia
*
*
** Political parties: Mana Māori Movement, Mana Motuhake, Mana Wahine Te Ira Tangata, Māori Party, Mauri Pacific, Nga Iwi Morehu Movement, Piri Wiri Tua Movement, Ratana Movement, Te Tawharau
** Pressure group: Māori King Movement,Fact|date=March 2008 Tino rangatiratangaFact|date=March 2008
** Proposed state: Tūhoe nation
*
*

Papua New Guinea

*)"'
** Political party: Bougainville Revolutionary Army (recently violent), Bougainville Freedom Movement

Solomon Islands

*Malaita

United States (Oceania)

*
**Pressure movement: Chamoru Nation, Organization of People for Indigenous Rights
**Local Self-Government: Guam Commission on Self-Determination, now known as the Commission on Decolonization
*
** Pressure movement: Hawaiian sovereignty movement
** Political party: Nation of Hawai‘i and other nationalist groups attempting to reassert the sovereignty of the Kingdom of Hawai‘i. The Kingdom of Hawai‘i was internationally recognized as an independent country until the Republic of Hawaii was recognized in its place in 1894.
*
**Pressure Movement: Taotao Tano

Vanuatu

* Malekula
** Proposed state: N'Makiaute
* Northern islands
** Proposed state: Federation Na Griamel
* Tanna
** Political party: Forcona Movement, Kapiel Alliance
** Proposed state: Tafea Nation

References

See also

*List of autonomous regions and particular administrative divisions leaders
*List of historical autonomist and secessionist movements
*List of political parties campaigning for self-government
*List of U.S. state secession proposals
*List of dependent territories
*List of sovereign states
*European Union: Committee of the Regions, European Free Alliance
*Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organisation
*United Nations member states
*List of ethnic groups
*List of Chinese nationalities
*Self-determination
*Nationalism
*Separatism
*Autonomy
*Self-governance
*Sovereignty

External links

* [http://www.unpo.org/ Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization]
* [http://www.elandnet.org/links/en/ eLandnet - indigenous peoples and national minorities worldwide]
* [http://dmoz.org/Society/Issues/Territorial_Disputes/ Open Directory - Territorial Disputes]
* [http://www.broadleft.org/natliber.htm List of leftist secessionist movements]


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