- Duncan Hallas
Born into a working-class family in Manchester, Duncan Hallas joined the Young Communist League at the age of 14 in 1939 but soon became disillusioned due to the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact. In 1940, he met a woman selling Socialist Appeal at an Engineering Apprentices College where he was on day release and he joined the Trotskyist Workers International League in 1940 and then its successor organisation the Revolutionary Communist Party while still a young worker during the Second World War. Conscripted into the First Lancashire Regiment in 1943, he served in France, Belgium and Germany and he was also involved in the mutiny in Egypt after the end of the war, earning him three months in military prison. When factional disputes broke out in The Club (the name adopted by British Trotskyists after entering the Labour Party) Hallas became a supporter of Tony Cliff's positions.
Hallas was a founder member of the tiny Socialist Review Group when it was organised in 1951 and wrote its only major founding document not authored by Cliff, "On the Stalinist Parties". He also wrote a number of articles for the early issues of Socialist Review. After his job took him to Scotland in 1954/55 he effectively dropped out of the group, although he remained politically active in the National Union of Teachers and elsewhere.
With the upsurge in left-wing political activity in 1968 Hallas joined the International Socialists (IS) and rapidly became a member of the group's leadership and a full-time worker at its headquarters. However, Hallas, along with some other leading members, became concerned about Tony Cliff's increasing tendency to take decisions without consulting leadership bodies. Hallas initiated an oppositional group alongside John Palmer and Jim Higgins. However, when this oppositional group became a formal faction, the International Socialist Opposition (ISO), Hallas broke with it. He remained within the IS when the ISO's members were expelled, becoming a leading figure in its successor organisation, the Socialist Workers Party, until his retirement from active politics, due to ill health, in 1995.
Hallas was the author of innumerable articles for the IS/SWP press and of a short guide to the politics of Leon Trotsky.
- Trotsky (Socialist Worker, 1970)
- The Meaning of Marxism (Pluto Press on behalf of the International Socialists, 1971)
- The Labour Party (Socialist Worker, 1981)
- Why Import Controls Won't Save Jobs with Nigel Harris, (SWP pamphlet, 1981)
- Days of Hope: General Strike of 1926 with Chris Harman, (Socialist Worker, 1982)
- Duncan Hallas Internet Archive at Marxists Internet Archive
- Socialist Worker obituary by Chris Harman and Paul Foot.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Duncan Hallas — (* 23. Dezember 1925 in Manchester; † 19. September 2002) war ein britischer Trotzkist und politischer Aktivist. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Werke (Auswahl) 2.1 Bücher … Deutsch Wikipedia
History of the Socialist Workers Party (Britain) — The History of the Socialist Workers Party begins with the formation of the Socialist Review Group in 1950, followed by the creation of the International Socialists in 1962 and continues through to the present day with the formation of the… … Wikipedia
Socialist Workers Party (Britain) — Infobox British Political Party party name = Socialist Workers Party party articletitle = Socialist Workers Party (UK) party leader = Collective leadership (Central Committee) foundation = 1950 / 1977 ideology = Revolutionary socialism,… … Wikipedia
4. Internationale — Häufiges Logo der Vierten Internationale Die Vierte Internationale ist eine internationaler Parteienverbund, der am 3. September 1938 in Paris gegründet wurde. Er ging aus dem Kampf hervor, den die von Leo Trotzki geleitete Linke Opposition in… … Deutsch Wikipedia
IV. Internationale — Häufiges Logo der Vierten Internationale Die Vierte Internationale ist eine internationaler Parteienverbund, der am 3. September 1938 in Paris gegründet wurde. Er ging aus dem Kampf hervor, den die von Leo Trotzki geleitete Linke Opposition in… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Internationale Kommunistische Liga — Häufiges Logo der Vierten Internationale Die Vierte Internationale ist eine internationaler Parteienverbund, der am 3. September 1938 in Paris gegründet wurde. Er ging aus dem Kampf hervor, den die von Leo Trotzki geleitete Linke Opposition in… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Vierte Internationale — Häufiges Logo der Vierten Internationale Die Vierte Internationale ist ein Verbund trotzkistischer Parteien und Gruppen, der am 3. September 1938 in Paris gegründet wurde. Ihre Gründung war die Konsequenz aus der Dominanz des Stalinismus in der… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Comintern — Third International redirects here. For Webster s Third New International Dictionary, see Webster s Dictionary. Part of the series on … Wikipedia
Glorious Revolution — The Glorious Revolution, also called the Revolution of 1688, was the overthrow of King James II of England (VII of Scotland) in 1688 by a union of Parliamentarians with an invading army led by the Dutch stadtholder William III of Orange Nassau… … Wikipedia
Socialism in One Country — was a thesis developed by Nikolai Bukharin in 1925 and adopted as state policy by Joseph Stalin. The thesis held that given the defeat of all communist revolutions in Europe from 1917–1921 except in Russia, the Soviet Union should begin to… … Wikipedia