- Standard electrode potential (data page)
standard electrode potentials are electrode potentials of half cells at equilibrium. They can be used to determine the potential of an electrochemical cellor galvanic cell, or a position of equilibrium for an electrochemical ( redox) reaction, or a direction in which an electrochemical reaction can (thermodynamically) proceed.
The values of standard electrode potentials are given in the table below in
volts relative to the standard hydrogen electrodeand are assembled from referencesMilazzo, G., Caroli, S., and Sharma, V. K. (1978). "Tables of Standard Electrode Potentials" (Wiley, Chichester).] Bard, A. J., Parsons, R., and Jordan, J. (1985). "Standard Potentials in Aqueous Solutions" (Marcel Dekker, New York).] Bratsch, S. G. (1989). "Journal of Physical Chemistry Reference Data" Vol. 18, pp. 1–21.] Vanýsek, Petr (2006). "Electrochemical Series," in [http://www.hbcpnetbase.com/ "Handbook of Chemistry and Physics: 87th Edition"] (Chemical Rubber Company).] Vanýsek, Petr (2007). [http://www.hbcpnetbase.com/articles/08_08_88.pdf “Electrochemical Series”] , in [http://www.hbcpnetbase.com/ "Handbook of Chemistry and Physics: 88th Edition"] (Chemical Rubber Company).] Greenwood&Earnshaw] Bard, A.J., Faulkner, L.R.(2001). "Electrochemical Methods. Fundamentals and Applications", 2nd edition (John Wiley and Sons Inc).] Marcel Pourbaix (1966). "Atlas of Electrochemical Equilibria in Aqueous Solutions" (NACE International, Houston, Texas; Cebelcor, Brussels).] Peter Atkins (1997). "Physical Chemistry", 6th edition (W.H. Freeman and Company, New York).] .
The values are for the following conditions:
* the temperature of 298.15 K (25 °C);
* the effective concentration of 1 mol/L for each aqueous species or a species in a mercury amalgam;
* the partial pressure of 101.325 kPa (absolute) (1 atm, 1.01325 bar) for each gaseous reagent. This pressure is used because most literature data are still given for this value rather than for the current standard of 100 kPa.
* the activity of unity for each pure solid, pure liquid, or for water (solvent).
The table can be sorted alphabetically by clicking on the sort icon in the column heading. Click on the other column to re-sort by potential. This doesn’t work in Safari (as of v. 3.1.2); reload the page to restore the original order.
* biochemically relevant redox potentials
Standard electrode potential
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