- Malaysian passport
The Malaysian passport (Malay: Pasport Malaysia) is the passport issued to citizens of Malaysia by the Immigration Department of Malaysia (Jabatan Imigresen Malaysia). They were formerly designated Paspot Malaysia, but the spelling was changed to Pasport in the 1980s.
The main legislation governing the production of passports and travel documents, their possession by persons entering and leaving Malaysia, and related matters is the Passport Act 1966.
Processing of Malaysian passport applications and renewals are very rapid, following the introduction of passport renewal kiosks (KiPPas), which allow passport applicants to collect their new passport about an hour after applying and paying using the KiPPas kiosk.
- 1 Visa requirements
- 2 Biometric passport
- 3 Types of Malaysian passports
- 4 Passport note
- 5 Languages
- 6 Identity information page
- 7 See also
- 8 References
- 9 External links
Holders of Malaysian passports enjoy visa-free travel to many nations around the world. According to a 2010 study conducted by Henley & Partners, a company specializing in immigration and citizenship matters, that created a global index ranking countries according to the visa free privileges enjoyed by their citizens. Malaysia, with a score of 151, ranked 13th in the world, ahead of places like Hong Kong, Russia, and Thailand but still lagging the United Kingdom, the top ranked country with a score of 166.
Malaysia was the first country in the world to issue biometric passports in March 1998, after a local company, IRIS Corporation, developed the technology. In December 2002, thumbprint data was added to the biometric data on the passport chip. Similar technology is used in the Malaysian identity card, MyKad.
The biometric data included on the Malaysian passport is a digital photograph of the bearer's face, and images of their two thumbprints. Malaysian immigration checkpoints were the only ones with the technology to read and authenticate the data from the RFID chip using a fingerprint scanner and facial recognition technology, but widespread adoption of ePassport technology around the world has seen the technology installed in international airports in the USA, the UK and other countries.
In addition to biometric data and the personal information stored on the information page, the chip also records the bearer's travel history of the last ten entry and exits at Malaysia border control points.
Concern about possible "cloning" of the data from the passport chip for the purposes of identity theft prompted IRIS to issue a press release in 2006, stating that the chip and data had never been successfully cloned, and that digital keys stored on each chip made such duplication and forgery impossible.
On February 2, 2010, Malaysia started issuing ICAO compliant e-Passport, valid for five years or two years, replacing the current one. It is the 75th nation in the world to adopt the ICAO standard. The implementation of the new passport begins at offices across Klang Valley, Johor and Pahang before expanding nationwide between March and May 2010 and to foreign mission abroad between July and August 2010.
Types of Malaysian passports
There are five types of Malaysian passports:
Regular international passport
The regular international passport issued starting February 2010 is ICAO-compliant biometric and machine-readable. The biometric passport contains an 8 kB microchip which was developed by a Malaysian technology firm, IRIS Corporation.
A 48-page ICAO e-passport valid for five years costs RM300 while a 48-page ICAO e-passport valid for two years costs RM100. Previously, a 32-page e-passport valid for five years cost RM300, or a 32-page e-passport valid for two years cost RM100, and a 64-page e-passport valid for five years cost RM600.
The passport is also used by citizens from Peninsular Malaysia to enter Sabah and Sarawak, as these two states have autonomy in immigration affairs. However, citizens travelling directly from Peninsular Malaysia may produce a Malaysian identity card, or birth certificate for children below 12 years, obtain a special immigration printout form (Document In Lieu of Internal Travel Document, IMM.114) at immigration counters for social/business visits up to 3 months, and keep the form until departure. 
As Malaysia does not recognize nor have diplomatic relations with Israel,  Malaysian passports bear the inscription: "This passport is valid for all countries except Israel". However, this does not prevent Israel from issuing visa on a separate sheet of paper to Malaysian citizens for entering Israel, and Malaysians, primarily Christians, have visited Israel for religious purposes. Likewise, Israeli passport holders are not permitted to enter Malaysia without written permission from the Malaysian Ministry of Home Affairs.
The Official Passport is issued exclusively to Malaysian government officials travelling on official business. It is issued by the Immigration Department of Malaysia upon request through the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Wisma Putra).
The diplomatic passport is issued to diplomatic officers.
The Malaysian Restricted Passport is a travel document for restricted to travel between Malaysia and certain adjacent territories:
- between East Malaysia (Sabah and Sarawak) and Brunei; or
- (formerly) between Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore
Malaysia stopped issuing and renewing Restricted Passports to Singapore as of 1 January 2006, and announced that they would no longer be valid for travel from 31 December 2006. As Singapore requires a passport to be valid for at least six months for entry, it announced that it would stop accepting the Restricted Passport as a valid travel document from 1 July 2006, however this was postponed to 1 November on the Malaysian government's request.
The passports contain a note, written in Malay and English, from the issuing state that is addressed to the authorities of all other states, identifying the bearer as a citizen of that state and requesting that he or she be allowed to pass and be treated according to international norms. In Malay, the note inside Malaysian passports reads:
Bahawasanya atas nama Yang di-Pertuan Agong Malaysia diminta semua yang berkenaan supaya membenarkan pembawa pasport ini lalu dengan bebas tanpa halangan atau sekatan dan memberi apa-apa jua pertolongan dan perlindungan yang perlu kepadanya.
and in English, the note reads:
These are to request and require in the name of the Supreme Head of Malaysia all those whom it may concern to allow the bearer to pass freely without let or hindrance, and to afford the bearer such assistance and protection as may be necessary.
Identity information page
The Malaysian passport includes the following data:
- Type/Jenis ('P' for Passport)
- Country code/Kod Negara ('MYS' for Malaysia)
- Passport number/Nombor Pasport
- Name of bearer/Nama (see below for details of the naming scheme)
- Nationality ('Malaysia')
- Identity number (see below for more information) or Birth certificate number (for minors under 12 only)
- Place of birth (usually State of birth, not city or town)
- Date of birth (in DD-MMM-YYYY format, such as 24-JUN-1988)
- Sex ('M' or 'F')
- Date of issue (in DD-MMM-YYYY format)
- Date of expiry (in DD-MMM-YYYY format, five years from date of issue)
- Issuing office
- Height/Tinggi (in centimetres)
- Control Number
Due to Malaysia's heterogeneous ethnic demographic, including substantial Chinese and Indian minorities as well as Malays, the name of the bearer on the Malaysian passport is displayed using that person's customary naming practice as it is on the person's identity card (MyKad) or birth certificate. Surname and given name fields are not differentiated on the passport, and this can cause difficulties or confusion in some countries as the placement of the surname is not consistent.
Technically speaking, every Malaysian name regardless of the ethnicity is of this type: SURNAME, FIRST NAME UNKNOWN (FNU) when only the Machine Readable Zone area of the Passport Biodata Page is considered. There is no '<<' to isolate what is technically a 'Surname' from the 'Given Name' (Please note that ICAO standards require that the name that immediately follows the three-letters country code in the Machine Readable Zone (MRZ) to be the surname of the passport holder). When swiped at international airports for border security purposes, for example: the Advanced Passenger Information System (APIS) for countries such as Australia, New Zealand and United States, the name of a Malaysian passport holder in its entirety will be captured in the 'Surname' field of the border security system, and this can sometimes cause a mismatch with how the passport holder's name is captured in the country of destination's visa system or electronic travel authority protocol. Examples of Malaysian names as printed on the Machine Readable Zone (MRZ) of the passport:
- P<MYSALI<AKBAR<BIN<MOHAMAD< (for ALI AKBAR BIN MOHAMAD)
- P<MYSDAVID<WONG<KIM<SIONG< (for DAVID WONG KIM SIONG)
- P<MYSMEGAT<HASAN<BIN<MEGAT<TERMIZI< (for MEGAT HASAN BIN MEGAT TERMIZI)
- P<MYSSUGUMARAN<AL<SIVANATHAN< (for SUGUMARAN A/L SIVANATAN)
- P<MYSFATIMAH<BINTI<HUSIN< (for FATIMAH BINTI HUSIN)
- P<MYSJOHN<ANAK<LANGKAU< (for JOHN ANAK LANGKAU)
- P<MYSSTANLEY<BIN<JOSEPH< (for STANLEY BIN JOSEPH)
- P<MYSREVATHY<SOMATHY<AP<SIVAKUMAR (for REVATHY SOMATHY A/P SIVAKUMAR)
- P<MYSABDUL<AZIZ<RAHMAN<KHAN<BIN<SULTAN<KHAN (for ABDUL AZIZ RAHMAN KHAN BIN SULTAN KHAN)
- P<MYSWONG<KIM<SIONG< (for WONG KIM SIONG)
As can be seen from the above examples, it's evident that a name in a Malaysian Passport technically does not contain 'Given Name(s)' because '<<' is not used at all to isolate Surname from Given Names. Now, compare how a name is recorded in the Australian Passport:
The Australian Passport also does not explicitly differentiate 'Surname' from 'Given Name'. However, the Machine Readable Zone (MRZ) is very clear as regards to the passport holder's Surnames. Examples of Australian names as printed on the Machine Readable Zone (MRZ) of the passport:
- P<AUSSMITH<<JOHN<WILLIAM< (for John William SMITH)
- P<AUSIBRAHIM<<JOHN<AHMED< (for John Ahmed IBRAHIM)
- P<AUSWONG<<PHILLIPA<SIEW<MEI< (for Phillipa Siew Mei WONG)
- P<AUSMALOUF<<DAVID<ISAAK< (for David Isaak MALOUF)
- P<AUSMORAN<<EVELYN<LILY<ELIZABETH< (for Evelyn Lily Elizabeth MORAN)
- P<AUSRIZZI<<PAULO<ANTONIO (for Paulo Antonio RIZZI)
- P<AUSVAN<DER<BERGH<<JOHN<DAVID< (for John David VAN DER BERGH)
- P<AUSABU<HASSAN<SAEMAN<NGASRI (for Saeman Ngasri ABU HASSAN)
- P<AUSSUPARMAN<<HARYANTO<WIRA< (for Haryanto Wira SUPARMAN)
- P<AUSKIM<<BAE<JYEON< (for Bae Jyeon KIM)
Notes: 'P' stands for Passport. 'MYS' and 'AUS' stand for Malaysia and Australia respectively in the Machine Readable Zone. For clarity: Surnames in block letters and Given Names in title case for examples of Australian names.
- Chinese names: can be listed in three ways according to the individual's preference: surname first as is customary (surname first, then Chinese given names: "WONG Kim Siong"), surname between given names (non-Chinese derived name, surname, Chinese given names: "David WONG Kim Siong"), or in the Western style of surname last (David WONG)
- Malay names: Generally in the format "X BIN/BINTI Y", where 'BIN' means 'son of' and 'BINTI' means 'daughter of', similar to the Arabic name system. This practice is not limited to Muslim Malays however, and can also be found in Christian indigenous Sabahans and Melanaus of Sarawak.
- Ethnic Indian and Thai names: Generally in the format "X AL/AP Y" where 'AL' stands for 'anak lelaki' (Malay for 'son of') and 'AP' stands for 'anak perempuan' (Malay for 'daughter of'). 'Anak' means 'child of', and can appear in indigenous Sarawakian names ("X ANAK Y").
- Western/European names: Eurasian Malaysians, or those descended from British, Portuguese or Dutch settlers, have the person's hereditary surname last ("Robert SMITH").
The Malaysian identity number is a unique ID number allocated to each Malaysian, and the same number is used on the MyKad identity card. The number is in the following format:
- The first six digits (YYMMDD) are the date of birth of the holder, so for example 24 June 1988 would be represented as 880624.
- The next two digits (BP) are the numeric code indicating the state or country of birth.
- The last four digits are randomly generated serial numbers, and the last digit (represented above by 'G') is a gender indicator: an odd number for males and an even number for females.
- Visa requirements for Malaysian citizens
- ^ One-hour passport renewal for Kuching folk, Borneo Post, 2 October 2010.
- ^ Malaysia ranked 13th in freedom to travel survey, The Star, 29 August 2010
- ^ Hsu Chuang Khoo: Malaysia's Iris may benefit from U.S. passport law, Yahoo! India News, 19 May 2006.
- ^ Malaysia Passport Anti-Cloning Statement (PDF), IRIS Corporation Berhad, 2006.
- ^ "RM100 two-year passports available now", The Star, 18 February 2010
- ^ Document In Lieu of Internal Travel Document IMM.114, Immigration Department of Malaysia
- ^ Yegar, Moshe. "Malaysia: Anti-Semitism Without Jews", "Institute for Global Jewish Affairs", October 2006, retrieved 11 April 2011.
- ^ Malaysia Restricted Passport not valid for S'pore entry from July, Yahoo! Asia News, 7 February 2006.
- Immigration Department of Malaysia: Malaysian Passports (in English)
- Malaysian Passport Processing Office Overseas
- Security Document World: Technical specifications for the Malaysian biometric passport
- Wikivisa: Malaysia
- Images of a 1963 Federation of Malaya passport from www.passportland.com
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