Rupert of Germany


Rupert of Germany

Rupert of Germany ( _de. Ruprecht III "Klem", Pfalzgraf bei Rhein) of the house of Wittelsbach (5 May 1352 – 18 May 1410), he was the son of Rupert II, Elector Palatine of the Rhine and Beatrix of Sicily. Rupert was Elector Palatine from 1398 and German King from 1400 until his death.

Life

He was born at Amberg, and from his early years took part in the government of the Palatinate to which he succeeded on his father's death in 1398. He was one of the four electors who met at Oberlahnstein in August 1400 and declared King Wenceslaus deposed. This was followed by the election of Rupert as German king at Rhens on 21 August, and by his coronation at Cologne on 6 January 1401.

Winning some recognition in Southern Germany, he made an expedition to the Italian peninsula, where he hoped to receive the imperial crown, and to crush Gian Galeazzo Visconti, Duke of Milan. In the autumn of 1401 he crossed the Alps, but his troops, checked before Brescia, melted away, and in 1402 Rupert, too poor to continue the campaign, returned to Germany.

The news of this failure increased the disorder in Germany, but the king met with some success in his efforts to restore peace, and in October 1403 he was recognized by Pope Boniface IX. It was only the indolence of Wenceslaus that prevented his overthrow, and in 1406 he was compelled to make certain concessions. The quarrel was complicated by the papal schism, but the king was just beginning to make some headway when he died at his castle of Landskrone near Oppenheim on 18 May 1410 and was buried at Heidelberg.

Family and children

He was married in Amberg on 27 June 1374 with Elisabeth of Nuremberg, daughter of Burgrave Frederick V of Nuremberg and Elisabeth of Meissen. They had the following children:
# Ruprecht Pipan (20 February 1375, Amberg – 25 January 1397, Amberg).
# Friedrich (ca. 1377, Amberg – 7 March 1401, Amberg).
# Louis III, Elector Palatine (23 January 1378 – 30 December 1436, Heidelberg).
# Pfalzgraf John of Pfalz-Neumarkt (1383, Neunburg vorm Wald – 13–14 March 1443).
# Pfalzgraf Stefan of Pfalz-Simmern-Zweibrücken (23 June 1385 – 14 February 1459, Simmern).
# Pfalzgraf Otto I of Pfalz-Mosbach (24 August 1390, Mosbach – 5 July 1461).
# Margarete (1376 – 27 August 1434, Nancy), married in 1394 to Charles II, Duke of Lorraine.
# Agnes (1379 – 1401, Heidelberg), married in Heidelberg shortly before March 1400 to Duke Adolf of Kleve.
# Elisabeth (27 October 1381 – 31 December 1408, Innsbruck), married in Innsbruck 24 December 1407 to Duke Frederick IV of Austria.

Rupert commissioned the Ruprecht building in Heidelberg castle. Today there is a Ruprecht-Karls-University in Heidelberg. He was succeeded as Count Palatine by his son Louis III.

ee also

*Kings of Germany family tree. He was related to every other king of Germany.

References

*


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Rupert II, Elector Palatine — Rupert II of the Rhine ( de. Ruprecht II., der Harte (der Ernste)) (12 May 1325, Amberg ndash; 6 January 1398, Amberg). He was the Elector Palatine of the Rhine from the house of Wittelsbach in 1390–1398.He was the elder son of Adolf, Count… …   Wikipedia

  • rupert's drop — ˈrüpərts noun Usage: usually capitalized R Etymology: after Prince Rupert of Germany died 1682 who first brought it to England to his uncle Charles I of England : a congealed blob of glass formed by dropping melted glass into water and setting up …   Useful english dictionary

  • Rupert Scholz — en 1988 Mandats …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Rupert Brooke — Born 3 August 1887 Rugby, Warwickshire, England Died 23 April 1915(1915 04 23) (aged 27) …   Wikipedia

  • Rupert Mayer — (23 January 1876 – 1 November 1945) was a Jesuit priest and a leading figure of the Catholic resistance in the Third Reich in Munich. In 1987 he was beatified by Pope John Paul II.LifeBorn in Stuttgart, Rupert Mayer studied philosophy and… …   Wikipedia

  • Rupert Emerson — (August 20, 1899, in Rye, NY February 9, 1979, in Cambridge, MA) was a professor of political science and international relations. He served on the faculty of Harvard University for forty three years and served in various U.S government positions …   Wikipedia

  • Germany — • History divided by time periods, beginning with before 1556 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Germany     Germany     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • GERMANY — GERMANY, country in north central Europe. The Talmud and the Midrash use Germania (or Germamia ) as a designation for northern European countries, and also refer to the military prowess of these peoples and to the threat they posed to the Roman… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Rupert Neudeck — (born May 14, 1939 in the Free City of Danzig (Gdańsk)) is a German journalist and humanitarian.He lived in Danzig until 1945 when Germans either fled from the advancing Soviets, or were expelled in the Expulsion of Germans from Poland after… …   Wikipedia

  • Germany — /jerr meuh nee/, n. a republic in central Europe: after World War II divided into four zones, British, French, U.S., and Soviet, and in 1949 into East Germany and West Germany; East and West Germany were reunited in 1990. 84,068,216; 137,852 sq.… …   Universalium


We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.